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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
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Managing files and folders


From:

Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

with James Williamson

Video: Managing files and folders

If you are like me, when you work on a site, you're constantly creating new files and folders, renaming files, and moving files around within your directory structure. Now let's face it. No matter how well you plan your site, chances are you are going to modify the directory structure at one time or another. To make these kinds of changes to your site, I strongly recommend using the Files panel. The Files panel can be used to create new files and folders, rename files, move files and folders, copy and paste files. You name it. Now, the Files panel is part of almost every single workspace, but it's available in the Windows menu.
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
15h 22m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training, Adobe Certified Instructor James Williamson explores the tools and techniques of Dreamweaver CS5, Adobe's web design and development software. This course covers both the ins and outs of Dreamweaver, as well as recommended best practices for crafting new web sites and files, the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, and how to ensure clean and accessible code. The course also includes how to use tools in Dreamweaver to create and style web pages, manage multiple sites, and add user interactivity with widgets and scripting. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Defining and structuring a new site
  • Creating new web documents from scratch or from templates
  • Adding and formatting text
  • Understanding style sheet basics
  • Placing and styling images
  • Creating links to internal pages and external web sites
  • Controlling page layout with CSS
  • Building and styling forms
  • Reusing web content with templates
  • Adding interactivity
  • Working with Flash and video
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Managing files and folders

If you are like me, when you work on a site, you're constantly creating new files and folders, renaming files, and moving files around within your directory structure. Now let's face it. No matter how well you plan your site, chances are you are going to modify the directory structure at one time or another. To make these kinds of changes to your site, I strongly recommend using the Files panel. The Files panel can be used to create new files and folders, rename files, move files and folders, copy and paste files. You name it. Now, the Files panel is part of almost every single workspace, but it's available in the Windows menu.

So you can just go to Window and choose Files, if for any reason it closes. You'll also notice that the hotkey for it is F8. Now for our Files panel for this lesson, what I'm going to do is I'm going to expand this out a little bit. You can grab the dividing line if you have a File open, but right there, I'm just going to expand this out a little bit more. You can see there's a lot more information out here on the side, but it also allows me to change these dividers, so that I can read the file name a little bit better, or maybe choose what type of file it is. So you've got the option to change these columns any way that you want. I'm just going to make my File panel a little bit beefier for what we're doing here.

Now, I recommend using the Files panel because not only is it the most efficient way to make these changes within your site, it's also the safest way to do it as well. Websites, by their very nature, rely on understanding where other files are. When you place an image on the page or a link to another file, Dreamweaver places code on your page that tells the browser where it can find that particular file to resolve the link or display the image. If you move a file and don't update the links to it, those links will no longer work, or in the case of an image, the image will no longer display.

That's especially problematic for larger sites, where dozens of pages might link to a single page. Making all those changes manually would take considerable time. But if you remember to use the Files panel to make these changes, Dreamweaver will automatically update all of the links on that page, as well as any pages in your site that link to it. Let's take a closer look at using the Files panel. So one of the cool things that the Files panel can do for us is create new pages and new folders directly from within the Files panel itself. Let me show you what I mean.

If I go up to the root folder, which is at the very top of your directory listing, and right-click, notice that my top two options are New File and New Folder. Let's say I create a new file. I get an untitled .html file down here. Now I'm just going to call it test. It's a totally empty file. If I double-click it, for example, you'll notice that it's a brand new document, nothing on the page, and if I go to Code View, it's based on the preferences that we have for our new documents, which I'll show you guys how to set those a little bit later on. Now in addition to creating files, you can manage them from here as well.

You don't really need this page, so I can go right back to my Files panel, right-click the brand new page that we created. I can choose Edit > Delete. Now that is going to physically delete it off of your computer, not just remove it from Dreamweaver. So any time that you do that, remember that you are dragging that to your Trash or your Recycle Bin. You are literally getting rid of that file. Now let's say you need to do some basic file management like renaming a file, for example. I'm going to go over to my Files panel, and I'm going to open up the tours directory. Inside that, I can see that this page, tourDetail_bigsur, is a little different than the other ones.

It's using camel case naming for tour detail. I want to avoid doing that. Just in case this is ever placed on a UNIX server, I don't really want to deal with any case sensitive links. So I'm going to click once on the file name and then once on it again. Now if you double-click too fast, it, of course, is going to open the file. So you just want to be very careful about doing that. I'm going to click right inside that and change that to tour_detail with lowercase D, and as soon as you hit Return, it's going to make that change. Watch what else it does. So I just want to hit Return, and now Dreamweaver is saying, "Hey, wait a second.

"There were other files linking to that page and they're going to be linking to the old name. "Do you want me to go ahead and update links on those pages, so that they reflect the name that you just gave it?" Well, yes, of course, I want to do that, so I'm going to click Update, and that's going to go ahead and update all those links automatically for me, and I didn't have to lift a finger. That was extremely handy. Now, I notice, looking at my directory structure here, there is one more thing I need to do. The gallery page and the join page are all part of the explorer's section and once you start getting two or three pages that relate to a section, it's not a bad idea to go ahead and create a directory to store those in, just like we've done with tours here.

So I'm going to go right back up to my Files panel, right-click the root directory, and I'm going to choose New Folder, and after New Folder, I'm going to go ahead and title this folder explorers. Notice I use the lowercase E, and I didn't put an underscore in front of it, indicating that it is a subdirectory of the site and not an asset subdirectory, as we have here. Okay, so here's my explorer folder. It's totally empty right now. I need to add some things to it. So I'm going to choose the gallery page, and I will hold my Ctrl key down. That would be the Command key on the Mac, and selected the join page as well, so that I'm selecting those non-contiguous pages.

I'm going to go ahead and grab those and move them into my brand-new explorers directory. Once again, when I do this, Dreamweaver is going to say, "Wait a second." When you move those, all the pages that link to that, and indeed the links on those pages, are no longer being resolved correctly, because now, they have to go inside a folder to find it, and now, any links from those pages have to go outside of the folder to find those. So Dreamweaver offers me the opportunity to go ahead and fix all of those problems site-wide right now. So I'm going to go ahead and do that and choose Update.

Now why would you choose Don't Update? Well, sometimes you might be moving a file or a folder around that uses a different type of link, for example, a site root-relative link, or maybe you're just moving assets, and you don't need Dreamweaver to update it for you. So sometimes that is a viable option, although in this case, we definitely want to choose Update. So I'm going to go and choose Update. Now it's going to go ahead and fix all that for me. Now I have a subdirectory, gallery and join are inside that, and now all the links to those files will work, and the links coming out of those files will work as well. So as you can see, the Files panel can save you a tremendous amount of time when managing your files and folders, as well as save you from making costly mistakes.

Of course, that's not all the Files panel can do. Later in this title, we'll discuss using the Files panel to upload files and manage site synchronization. For now, however, concentrate on making sure that you practice discipline when needing to make changes on your site. Make those changes from within Dreamweaver using the Files panel, and you'll be confident of making those changes correctly.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: After creating a website following the instructions in the course, the header background graphic appears correctly in all browsers except Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.  The graphic works properly in IE 8. What can be done to make the graphics appear in IE 6 and IE 7?
A: To make the header background graphic appear, wrap the header div tag in another div tag and give it an ID like “mainHeader.” The problem stems from a bug in Internet Explorer that prevents the browser from dealing with absolutely positioned elements that are right next to relatively positioned elements.  Following the steps above should solve the problem.
Q: In the tutorial, the author links the Tool Tip to the word "More" at the bottom of the thumbnail photo field. I can't figure out how to place the <a> "More" on the thumbnail photo field.
A: In the example, there is a paragraph that wraps an <img> tag and the word "More," which is surrounded by an anchor tag (<a>). The author uses CSS to make sure the parent div tag of the thumbs floats to the left, and is only wide enough for the image. This causes the link text to break down onto another line. Then, the instructor uses CSS to align the link text to the right of the <img>. The link itself is a void JavaScript function, ( javascript();). This gives you a "dummy" link without returning you to the top of the page as the "#" dummy link tends to do.
If you were manually typing the text in, you could select the image, hit the right arrow button, and begin typing. The text should then appear on screen.
Q: In this movie, you are making changes to the HTML in order to customize the text layout on your page (i.e. h1, h2, and h3 tags as well as strong and em tags). I'm wondering why you are not using CSS to do this (i.e. font-size, font-weight). Do you typically use one method, or is it customary to do use both in a layout, and if so, what guidelines would you suggest to determine which to use when?
A: We modify the page's structure through the use of h1, h2, and other heading tags. So when we are choosing heading levels, we're not concerning ourselves with typography; we're establishing page structure. A heading is chosen to denote the level of importance for the heading, not typography.
CSS should always be used for presentation, not HTML.
Q: In the “Understanding ID selectors” movie, the author states that only one ID tag can be used per page, but then he adds two ID tags. Can you please clarify this for me?
A: You can use as many IDs per page as you wish. They just must all use a unique name. Therefore if you assign an element the ID of "header" no other element on THAT page may use the same ID.
Q: I noticed that in this course, the instructor uses this code on his CSS external sheet: @charset "UTF-8"; I was under the impression that this code wasn't necessary. The W3.org site is unclear on the matter. Is it necessary? Is it a best practice? Is it an older form of CSS?
A: The characterset attribute is added automatically by Dreamweaver, and there’s no practical reason to remove it. While it's not needed (the HTML page should indicate which encoding to use for the page) it is helpful if the CSS file is ever imported or used on a page where the characterset isn't specified. Think of it as a safety net for characterset encoding. Not necessary, but not harmful either.
Q: I need to add captions below images that I insert in pages of text. I played all the lessons in Chapter 5 (Adding Text and Structure) but none dealt with captions. I hope the author has an answer or can refer me to a source.
A: In HTML 4 and XHTML 1 (which is what Dreamweaver CS5 uses by default), there wasn't really a way to add captions below your photos. Most web authors would "fake" captions by having paragraphs of text below their images and using CSS to position and style the captions in the desired manner. Many would use a class such as .imgCaption to control the styling. To do this you would essentially position the text underneath the image through CSS (often by grouping the image and the paragraph in a div tag) and italicizing the text.

However in HTML5, there are new elements that allow us to associate images and their captions, the figure and figcaption element. Our author James Williamson just finished a course on HTML5: Syntax, Structure, and Semantics which details how to use it.

HTML5 Doctor also has a nice article on the figure and figcaption elements at http://html5doctor.com/the-figure-figcaption-elements/.
 
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