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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
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Managing CSS styles


From:

Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

with James Williamson

Video: Managing CSS styles

One of Dreamweaver's greatest strengths is how easy it is to create and manage our site's CSS. In this movie we'll kick the tires on some of the Dreamweaver's new and long-standing CSS management capabilities. Occasionally, you'll write a local embedded style that you later want to place into an external style sheet and in past Dreamweaver releases, you had to do this by either copying and pasting or exporting your embedded styles to a new external CSS file. Dreamweaver CS3 expands on this by giving us drag-and-drop functionality when moving our CSS, even between multiple files. So I'm still in our rendering.htm and I'm going to switch back from our CSS Styles panel. I'll switch to Current, from Current to All. So if you're still in the Current view, you are going to switch back to All. Let me expand this panel down a little bit so that the top panel, so that I can see all of my styles. Notice that we have external styles in a file called rendering_test.css and then we have our embedded styles in the style tag. Now in addition to the drag- and-drop, I'm going to select the first paragraph embedded style. I want to move that up into my external style sheet.
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 1h 23m
    1. Reviewing the Coding toolbar
      8m 42s
    2. Customizing the Coding toolbar
      9m 52s
    3. Taking advantage of Code Hinting
      7m 20s
    4. Using snippets and shortcuts
      11m 10s
    5. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      5m 18s
    6. Using Find and Replace
      9m 50s
    7. Regular expressions
      5m 39s
    8. Using Bridge with Dreamweaver CS3
      8m 28s
    9. Round-trip editing with Photoshop CS3
      3m 40s
    10. Leveraging image variables in Photoshop CS3
      7m 32s
    11. Integrating external variables into your workflow
      6m 16s
  3. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding the CSS Styles panel
      7m 59s
    2. Understanding the Cascade
      5m 50s
    3. Understanding Inheritance
      5m 8s
    4. Understanding Specificity
      7m 5s
    5. Managing CSS styles
      5m 4s
    6. Using Design-Time style sheets
      6m 20s
  4. 2h 19m
    1. Using the new CSS template pages
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding DIV tag structure and layout
      12m 0s
    3. Understanding the CSS box model
      10m 0s
    4. Using absolute and relative positioning
      8m 35s
    5. Understanding floating elements
      7m 9s
    6. Clearing floats
      7m 19s
    7. Using floats to control page layout
      3m 45s
    8. Building structure and assigning IDs
      10m 19s
    9. Applying basic styling to structured content
      11m 14s
    10. Positioning container elements
      11m 4s
    11. Enhancing layouts with background graphics
      11m 48s
    12. Creating faux columns with background graphics
      8m 55s
    13. Creating rounded corners with background graphics
      9m 17s
    14. Building navigation with CSS
      16m 57s
    15. Using Dreamweaver's Browser Check feature
      5m 31s
  5. 53m 22s
    1. Creating properly structured forms
      6m 30s
    2. Creating accessible forms
      6m 41s
    3. Using CSS to lay out form structure
      7m 40s
    4. Creating vertical columns for form elements
      7m 48s
    5. Adding user feedback
      5m 52s
    6. Applying advanced styling to forms
      8m 11s
    7. Client-side form validation
      4m 17s
    8. Validating forms with the Spry Validation tools
      6m 23s
  6. 1h 20m
    1. Understanding the Spry framework
      3m 43s
    2. Defining a data source for use in Spry
      3m 56s
    3. Creating a Spry table
      8m 8s
    4. Using the Spry widgets
      8m 11s
    5. Connecting various data sets
      4m 50s
    6. Understanding Spry widget structures
      7m 1s
    7. Applying custom styles to Spry widgets
      6m 24s
    8. Applying additional custom styles to Spry widgets
      8m 46s
    9. Controlling Spry widget behaviors with JavaScript
      6m 0s
    10. Controlling Spry widget animations with JavaScript
      9m 31s
    11. Creating effects with Spry behaviors
      4m 42s
    12. Hand-coding Spry
      9m 11s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Creating a base template
      8m 6s
    2. Creating editable attributes
      6m 26s
    3. Creating a new page from a template
      7m 42s
    4. Applying a template to an existing page
      4m 36s
    5. Creating nested templates
      5m 24s
    6. Using repeating regions
      6m 34s
    7. Creating editable and non-editable optional regions
      6m 0s
    8. Using template parameters
      7m 26s
    9. Using template expressions
      9m 59s
    10. Using conditional template expressions
      8m 54s
  8. 54m 40s
    1. Examining XML structure
      2m 44s
    2. Creating an XML document
      9m 9s
    3. Using the CDATA structure
      5m 7s
    4. Creating an XSLT file
      4m 33s
    5. Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document
      5m 6s
    6. Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document
      5m 16s
    7. Creating a client-side XSL transformation
      2m 52s
    8. Styling a remote RSS feed
      7m 29s
    9. Creating a server-side XSL transformation
      5m 31s
    10. Writing XSL expressions
      6m 53s
  9. 1h 2m
    1. Overview of building dynamic websites
      1m 35s
    2. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Mac
      3m 22s
    3. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Windows
      3m 54s
    4. Creating a MySQL database
      3m 16s
    5. Defining a testing server and database bindings
      6m 14s
    6. Creating a database recordset
      4m 35s
    7. Adding dynamic content to the page
      5m 14s
    8. Creating repeating regions of dynamic content
      7m 6s
    9. Filtering database records
      7m 39s
    10. Using the Live Preview
      10m 22s
    11. Passing URL parameters
      4m 23s
    12. Dynamically generating links
      5m 18s
  10. 57m 9s
    1. Understanding behaviors
      5m 16s
    2. Installing additional behaviors
      3m 39s
    3. Planning to create a custom behavior
      3m 42s
    4. Examining existing behaviors
      5m 32s
    5. Building a behavior function
      7m 23s
    6. Creating an Action file
      6m 48s
    7. Enabling behavior functions
      9m 1s
    8. Initializing the user interface for a behavior
      3m 9s
    9. Loading behaviors in Dreamweaver
      6m 47s
    10. Testing and debugging behaviors
      5m 52s
  11. 27m 12s
    1. Running reports
      7m 41s
    2. Checking and validating links
      3m 40s
    3. Using cloaking
      5m 42s
    4. Using Check In/Check Out
      4m 3s
    5. Using Design Notes
      6m 6s
  12. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
11h 10m Intermediate Sep 21, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Covering diverse topics such as improving workflow and managing CSS styles, Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics is a hands-on course that teaches users how to move beyond standard, static websites. Instructor James Williamson explores how to increase productivity, interactivity, and accessibility with Dreamweaver. He also discusses how to extend the application's capabilities with XML and XSL. Exercise files accompany the tutorials.

Topics include:
  • Reviewing and customizing the coding toolbar
  • Understanding the CSS Styles panel
  • Using absolute and relative positioning
  • Creating accessible forms
  • Building AJAX pages with the Spry framework
  • Extending templates
  • Working with XML and XSL
  • Building dynamic content
  • Creating custom behaviors in Dreamweaver
  • Running reports
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Managing CSS styles

One of Dreamweaver's greatest strengths is how easy it is to create and manage our site's CSS. In this movie we'll kick the tires on some of the Dreamweaver's new and long-standing CSS management capabilities. Occasionally, you'll write a local embedded style that you later want to place into an external style sheet and in past Dreamweaver releases, you had to do this by either copying and pasting or exporting your embedded styles to a new external CSS file. Dreamweaver CS3 expands on this by giving us drag-and-drop functionality when moving our CSS, even between multiple files. So I'm still in our rendering.htm and I'm going to switch back from our CSS Styles panel. I'll switch to Current, from Current to All. So if you're still in the Current view, you are going to switch back to All. Let me expand this panel down a little bit so that the top panel, so that I can see all of my styles. Notice that we have external styles in a file called rendering_test.css and then we have our embedded styles in the style tag. Now in addition to the drag- and-drop, I'm going to select the first paragraph embedded style. I want to move that up into my external style sheet.

Well, I can either right-click or if you're on a Mac you can Ctrl+Click and I can actually -- there is a new command because a lot of folks who are looking for that Export command, it's not here. It's actually called Move CSS Rules now. If I choose Move CSS Rules, a dialog box actually comes up and basically Dreamweaver is asking me, where would you like to move this rule to? I could move it to a brand-new style sheet, I could browse to another one, but it's intelligent because it says okay, you have rendering test applied to this page, do you want to move it there? That's the default. So I'm just going to say yeah that would be a great location for it. Then when I click OK, notice that really without skipping a beat I noticed that now in the rendering_test.css, that paragraph rule, is applied. It's just sitting there and it's actually removed from my embedded styles. Now that works for anything. If I grab the second paragraph style, and actually hold the Shift key down and click on the other two rules, I now have all three of these rules selected. Well, I can actually instead of having to choose the Move CSS, I can literally just drag these to the exact position within my rules that I want them to appear. When I let go the mouse now, notice that it gives me a little bit of a warning and it says, okay, now hang on, you are attempting to bring a paragraph rule up into the style sheet and there is already a paragraph rule here. Now they're going to conflict with each other. There is something you really want to do. There is actually a checkbox in the lower left hand corner of this dialog box that says use this decision for all remaining conflicts and it will stop bothering you or pestering you with this if you do this a lot. I'm just going to say yeah, I'm going to move the rule anyway. I'm aware of the fact that these two are conflicting with each other and I'm okay with that. So I click Yes and notice that it moves them up to my external style sheet and now my style tag in my document is totally empty and we don't really need it so I'm going to select the style tag and hit the trash again. Now that prevents me from having to go in the code and actually delete the style tag there. There is nothing wrong with me doing it there but it really doesn't matter. Now, when I look at my external style sheet now, I've got all these rules and organizing your rules within your style sheet is incredibly important. Most of the time, and as we go into the CSS layout in our next chapter, you'll see this. you'll want to section your rules based on content. So you might have all your sidebar rules together and all your footer rules together, and that sort of thing. It helps prevent rendering conflicts and that makes it easier to edit the styles. So my sidebar rule, it's down at the bottom of my styles right now. And if I switch over, you'll notice in your dialog box window that you're rendering_test file actually is open. So I'm going to click on that tab and if I scroll all the way to the bottom, I can see that that rule, #sidebar h2.secondary is the very bottom rule. Well, I want that moved up to where my other sidebar rules are.

I could cut and paste it here, but back in the rendering.htm file there is actually a much easier way to do this. So I can come over to my CSS Styles panel, select a rule and simply drag it up to the position that I want it appear. So I could drag it above a specific rule or below a specific rule. I'm just going to put it at the bottom of the sidebar rules. If I go back to my rendering_test.css, then I can see that it is no longer the bottom rule. If I scroll up, I can see that it's right there at the bottom of my sidebar rules. Now you do have to be careful about this. Remember, we've got our two paragraph rules and the order that they're in is incredibly important. If I take the first paragraph and if I actually take the second paragraph and drag it above the first paragraph, watch what happens to the rendering in the text on the page. Well, now the order of the cascade is totally different and we're getting a totally different result. So when you're moving rules around within your style sheet, you definitely want to be sure that they're going exactly where they need to go. So as you can see, Dreamweaver CSS Styles panel puts a lot of power when managing your CSS right at your fingertips. Before we move onto discussing CSS Layout in our next movie, we'll discuss using Dreamweaver's Design-Time style sheet feature.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics.


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Q: In the Chapter 3 movie “Creating rounded corners with background graphics”, the instructor uses a .last class selector. What are the CSS properties of this selector?
A: The .last selector is as follows:
#current p.last{
background: url(../_images/current_btm_bg.gif) no-repeat bottom
left;
padding-bottom: 2em;
margin: 0;
}
The background is the bottom rounded corner graphic, the bottom padding keeps the type away from the bottom of the box and thus the rounded corners, and the margin ensures that the box elements fit seamlessly with each other.
 
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