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Integrating the footer


Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

with Joseph Lowery

Video: Integrating the footer

There is just one major area left to tackle, and that's the footer. Like the other sections, you'll need to modify the CSS, HTML, and PHP. As with the other areas of the page there is a separate PHP file that controls the footer content. And since we will need to modify the code of the page, let's copy that file footer.php, from the parent theme folder to the child. So I am going to expand my Files panel and go up a little bit until I find the custom, the folder that has our parents theme, there is my footer.php file.
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  1. 4m 7s
    1. Welcome
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 54s
    3. A word about updates
      1m 15s
  2. 15m 28s
    1. Overview
      1m 51s
    2. Creating the database and the initial site
      3m 45s
    3. Configuring WordPress
      5m 54s
    4. Establishing a Dreamweaver site
      3m 58s
  3. 20m 18s
    1. Accessing dynamically related files
      4m 12s
    2. Filtering files
      4m 20s
    3. Following links
      4m 15s
    4. Employing Live Code
      2m 54s
    5. Enabling site-specific code hinting
      4m 37s
  4. 21m 8s
    1. Adding blog posts
      4m 55s
    2. Editing blog posts
      3m 20s
    3. Adding new pages
      2m 59s
    4. Including images
      6m 59s
    5. Adding videos to posts
      2m 55s
  5. 18m 12s
    1. Understanding WordPress structure
      3m 52s
    2. Activating a theme
      7m 21s
    3. Setting up a child theme
      6m 59s
  6. 1h 29m
    1. Updating the page structure and the background
      12m 53s
    2. Working with web fonts
      4m 3s
    3. Styling a header
      11m 48s
    4. Adding header functions
      7m 40s
    5. Setting up content columns
      10m 9s
    6. Changing the main content
      5m 17s
    7. Managing the content code
      4m 48s
    8. Customizing the sidebar
      10m 32s
    9. Styling search
      7m 8s
    10. Working with search text
      5m 49s
    11. Integrating the footer
      9m 40s
  7. 27m 18s
    1. Setting up media queries
      6m 12s
    2. Customizing for tablets
      12m 19s
    3. Building smartphone layouts
      8m 47s
  8. 23m 28s
    1. Working with categories and posts
      5m 31s
    2. Developing category-driven pages
      11m 22s
    3. Changing headers by category
      6m 35s
  9. 36m 32s
    1. Adding Spry accordion panels
      17m 44s
    2. Working with Spry form validation
      11m 56s
    3. Integrating jQuery functionality
      6m 52s
  10. 11m 7s
    1. Understanding WordPress plugins
      6m 20s
    2. Styling plugin output
      4m 47s
  11. 25m 44s
    1. Customizing the Dashboard
      6m 52s
    2. Working with WordPress functions
      8m 7s
    3. Including administration interactivity
      10m 45s
  12. 13m 10s
    1. Setting up the data in WordPress
      2m 17s
    2. Adding dynamic data from WordPress to your web pages
      10m 53s
  13. 11m 38s
    1. Modifying general settings
      4m 12s
    2. Setting up users
      3m 11s
    3. Restricting access to specific WordPress pages
      4m 15s
  14. 26m 38s
    1. Exporting and importing WordPress files
      7m 9s
    2. Backing up and restoring the database
      8m 10s
    3. Transferring files
      6m 3s
    4. Testing and fine-tuning
      5m 16s
  15. 18s
    1. Next steps

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Watch the Online Video Course Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
5h 44m Intermediate May 27, 2010 Updated Oct 23, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, author Joseph Lowery shows how to combine the utility of WordPress and the power of Adobe Dreamweaver to transition existing websites to the WordPress platform. The course demonstrates how to create new blog posts and pages, customize WordPress themes, and extend WordPress editable pages from within Dreamweaver. It also covers how to add Spry elements, add and customize plugins, and enhance WordPress-stored content with Dreamweaver's dynamic pages. Plus, a chapter on responsive design shows how you can adapt your layouts for tablets and mobile devices.

Topics include:
  • Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
  • Applying WordPress themes
  • Customizing themes
  • Adding Spry widgets
  • Adding WordPress dynamic data
  • Populating the WordPress database
  • Publishing a WordPress site
Dreamweaver WordPress
Joseph Lowery

Integrating the footer

There is just one major area left to tackle, and that's the footer. Like the other sections, you'll need to modify the CSS, HTML, and PHP. As with the other areas of the page there is a separate PHP file that controls the footer content. And since we will need to modify the code of the page, let's copy that file footer.php, from the parent theme folder to the child. So I am going to expand my Files panel and go up a little bit until I find the custom, the folder that has our parents theme, there is my footer.php file.

So I am going to copy that, close custom, select roux, and paste it in with a Command+V. Let's collapse the Files panel, and now we are ready to open up our index.php file. Let me temporarily collapse my CSS Style Sheet, so I can get to that a little easier. And I will open that up, and now we can reopen styles.css. Here is the blog page index.php. I'll discover those files, use my Custom Filter so we can hone in on our specific files we are interested in, which are style.css.

Put a semicolon to separate and footer.php. So let's go into Live view, and we can compare what it is that we have to work with. Let's scroll down to where the footer is and it's just a plain copyright line, not a whole lot of code there at all. Whereas on the blog_comp, I am going to scroll down, we have a tremendous amount of code, looks like 25 or so different links. As we can say, as I go over each of those, these are all links here. That's fine, the easiest way to handle a situation like this is to copy all the content and bring it directly into footer.php.

So I am going to go into Code, choose my Source Code. And then let's go down to the footer area, which looks like it starts about here. And I am going to choose everything that's within the footer tag, copy it, and head over to index.php. This time I will of select footer.php, and you can see I have a similar sort of footer tag here. So I am just going to highlight the content in that, it's just one line and delete it and then use Command+V to paste in my copied content.

Okay let's save the page, and let's make sure that all that content came in. So I'll refresh Live view. And let's scroll down to the footer. And I can't quite see all of it, well it looks like the links are there, however, we need some serious styling, and we will get to that in just a moment. More concern to me at this point is if I look at the code, so as I mentioned, I have got a whole series of links here, looks like about 25 in all.

And if we leave them as they are, they are not going to work correctly. So if you remember, we introduced a special PHP routine, way back in the handling the header lesson, and that's going to be a perfect fit here. To handle this many links, let's break out our Dreamweaver Power tool, Find and Replace. So I will go to Find and Replace, choose Find in Current Document. Since there is no other links in this document, this is a safe thing to do. And I'm going to look for a href = and then my opening double quote, and let's copy that so I have that starting point, paste that in the Replace field.

And now I want to add in my PHP code, which starts with a PHP opening bracket and then echo siteRoot open and close braces, open and close quotes. And in the middle the argument we are passing, which is the name of the folder, blog. And then let's close that off with a semicolon and close the PHP code block with a question mark, angle bracket. All right, so we have the PHP opening code block, echo, siteRoot, blog.

Let's use Replace All and looks like 27 different items were replaced and here you can see, for example, on line 10, the PHP code comes in ahead of board.htm. So let's save those changes and then I am going to right-click on this tab group titlebar here and choose Close Tab Group, so we can recover some of our screen real estate. And let's take a look at what we have in Design view, I will click Refresh. Let's go down, and now the links are still there as I said, however, they do need a tremendous amount of styling.

Luckily, there's a full footer section in the blog_comp that we can bring over, pretty much intact. So let's head over there, I will go to main.css, and we will find the footer styles, which are starting around line 629, and I am going to copy all of these. Go to index.php my stylesheet, scroll down to the very bottom, make a little extra line there and paste them in.

Okay let's refresh the page and see what happens. Well, things are definitely better, we can see our links, and it looks like we have a little bit more adjustments to make, but at least we are moving down the right path. Now let's see, what's missing here obviously is the yellow background color. So let's head over to the blog_comp, I will go into Split view and go into Inspect mode, scroll down to the footer area, and let's see if we can uncover that. So I do some hovering over some contact, and I'm going to go up the DOM using my left arrow key.

And here we see that in the page footer rule that you see on the CSS Styles panel, there is a background color, so let's go to that rule. And I can say that it's actually one of the styles I copied, but what's problematic is that I don't have this id in my footer rule. So sometimes it's easier to change the HTML than it is the CSS. So let's go back to index.php, the footer tag, and I am going to go all the way to the top and just add in that id.

Okay we will save this page and then refresh the screen, and that's worked out pretty well. We now have our three columns and the yellow background, so I have a few remaining things to take care of, and this is the last technique that I want to pass on to you, as you are doing these types of conversions, sometimes it's more efficient to just go ahead and add the rules in yourself, rather than trying to figure out what it was that they did in the comp.

So let's go to style.css I am going to go into Split view and the first thing I want to tackle is the border that you see across the top here, that's not something that we want in this particular design. So I am going to go to pageFooter rule, and let's put in a new rule for a border-top and set that to none. Next let's take care of the centering that's occurring here, and we want it to be left aligned.

So that's an easy fix, add in a text align property, and set it to left. So let me click into here to see how things are working, and we are looking pretty good. Now one last check against the blog_comp, one thing that I notice as I go back and forth between the two is that it seems I'm using the right fonts and everything, but things are a little smaller than they should be. So, most likely what's happening is that things have somehow gotten reduced, they are proportional, but they're not the right size.

So what I would do in that case is set the font size for the footer to 100%. And let's click over, and well, that seems I have done it. Let's compare Design view to Design view. And while they look pretty good it does look like my headers are a bit off here, it doesn't actually seem like it's picking up the special web font that I'm using for headers. So let's Inspect that particular font there.

And here is the h3, and I can see that it's the font-family of Bitter, and that's what I am expecting. So I can see this is a footer3 issue. So let me go back into index.php, and I will open up style.css, here is my footer h3 rule. Let's set the font-weight to normal, since it seems like it's making it a little bit bolder than it should be. Well, that seems to have done the trick.

So here is our index.php file, and there is our blog_comp. All right, I think we are in great shape, congrats on completing a major conversion project. With the techniques we have used throughout the lessons in this chapter, you can re-create pretty much any static design as a WordPress blog page.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts .

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Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:

Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:

  1. From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
  2. Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
    Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
  3.  Enter the following: mysql -u root
  4. The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
  5. Enter the following:
    SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
    - replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use. 
  6. Close the CMD window.
Setting the password in the phpMyAdmin config file:
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the file. Here's how:
  1. In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin3.2.0.1 (version number may vary). 
  2. Open the file in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
  3. Locate the following line:
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
  4. Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
  5. Save the file.
  6. From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
  7. To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.

Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
Q:  In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.

If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.

Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
  1. Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
  2. Choose phpMyAdmin.
  3. When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
  4. Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
  5. Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
  6. Scroll down to the Change Password section.
  7. Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
  8. Click Go in the lower-right corner.
Now follow the rest of the steps in "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows" video, starting at the 4:13 mark. This is where you use a text editor to make a change in the PHP file and restart all WampServer services when you're done.
Q:  I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
A:  You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.
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