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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
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Inserting text fields


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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

with James Williamson

Video: Inserting text fields

Probably the most commonly used form element is the text field. The text field allows users to input text for form submittal. There are three flavors of the text field: the Input text field, Password text field, and Textarea element. The Input text field is used for capturing a single line of text and is usually used for names, addresses, and anything else that the user must type themselves that fits on one line. The Password text field hides the text that is being typed by the user, but otherwise submits text just like any other Input text field.
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
15h 22m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training, Adobe Certified Instructor James Williamson explores the tools and techniques of Dreamweaver CS5, Adobe's web design and development software. This course covers both the ins and outs of Dreamweaver, as well as recommended best practices for crafting new web sites and files, the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, and how to ensure clean and accessible code. The course also includes how to use tools in Dreamweaver to create and style web pages, manage multiple sites, and add user interactivity with widgets and scripting. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Defining and structuring a new site
  • Creating new web documents from scratch or from templates
  • Adding and formatting text
  • Understanding style sheet basics
  • Placing and styling images
  • Creating links to internal pages and external web sites
  • Controlling page layout with CSS
  • Building and styling forms
  • Reusing web content with templates
  • Adding interactivity
  • Working with Flash and video
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Inserting text fields

Probably the most commonly used form element is the text field. The text field allows users to input text for form submittal. There are three flavors of the text field: the Input text field, Password text field, and Textarea element. The Input text field is used for capturing a single line of text and is usually used for names, addresses, and anything else that the user must type themselves that fits on one line. The Password text field hides the text that is being typed by the user, but otherwise submits text just like any other Input text field.

The Textarea field allows users to submit as many lines of text as they require and is primarily used for commenting or contact forms where the user needs to submit a larger request. Although you can select the text elements in Dreamweaver and change them from one text field type to the other, Dreamweaver gives us individual icons to insert the text element of choice, so the process is greatly simplified. So here I have the join.htm file open, and I am going to take just a moment to show you where all those different types of text input fields are.

If you go up to your Insert panel, right after the form element is our first text field. Then we have what's known as a Hidden text field and the Textarea. The Hidden field, let me talk about that for just a moment. If you need to force a value for when the form was submitted. Let's say so you had some type of a session variable, for example, that you wanted to be established as the form was being submitted until your application know that hey, this person is now logged on. You would do that through a Hidden field. That way, that data would get submitted but the users don't have to actually explicitly choose it. Now you notice we don't have an icon for the Password text field, and that's because it's just so easy to toggle the property of your text field using the Properties Inspector once you placed it on the page. Okay.

Well, now that we have talked about text fields for a little bit, let's go ahead and place a couple on our form. I am going to go ahead and place my cursor inside the fieldset for personal information. If you hit Return, you'll create a paragraph and the way that we're going to structure our form is that each form element is going to be in a separate paragraph. Now, it might seem at first that that's adding unnecessary structure but the truth of it is those paragraphs are going to allow us to layout and space our form elements in a way that would be difficult to control otherwise. So now I am going to go up to my Input panel and I am going to insert a text field and from the Input Accessibility dialog box that comes up, I am going to add the following information.

For ID, I am going to type in first_name. Now again, I am just sort of saying well with the processing script, I probably would want this to say first_ name, but there's no hard and fast rule what that ID needs to be. It does need to follow the same naming conventions as any other ID, no spaces, no use of punctuation, don't start it with a number, and that sort of thing. Now, for the label, this is the text that a user is actually going to see out beside it. So here I am just going to type- in first name and then a colon. I am going to attach this label using the For attribute, just like we discussed in one of our previous movies.

I am going to make sure it's coming before the form item and I am going to give it a Tab Index of 10. I am going to click OK and then there's our first text field in our form. Now, you maybe wondering, okay, this is the first element in our form. Why are we giving it a Tab Index of 10? Why not 1? Well, you could do it that way. I usually use 10s and increments of 10s for each of my form elements. The reason I do that is let's say I finish a form and I am already done with it. The client comes back to me and says, hey, I need to add a couple of more form elements. Is that hard to do? Well, for the most part, no it isn't. I will just add another space, pop the form element in, and I am good to go.

But if my Tab Index is 123456789 and let's say I have 30 elements and I've just added element number 2, now I got to go back and re-number every single one of them. By giving myself increments of 10, I give myself plenty of information for having to add form elements at a later time. Let's go ahead and add a couple more form elements here. I am going to go to the end of the First Name and hit Return to create a brand new paragraph and once again, I am going to go up and insert another text field. This one, I am going to give an ID of last_name.

The label will be Last Name. Notice that I am using capital letters there, a colon, a space between them and the Tab Index for this one is going to be 20. Now Dreamweaver is going to remember our preferences. So, if we've been attaching the label tag for a For attribute, we shouldn't have to choose that again. It's also very smart and depending upon what type of form element you are inserting on the page, it's either going to have a default of Before or After the form item. Usually you won't have to spend a lot of time changing that item. Let me go ahead and click OK. Let's do one more. So, I am going to go up, hit Return to create a brand new paragraph, ad insert another text field on the page.

This one's ID is going to be email and the label for this one will also be Email, but this time with a capital E and a colon. I am going to leave everything else the way it is, but give it a Tab Index of 30. Now I am going to save the file and I want to turn your attention just for a moment to the Properties Inspector. Go ahead and take any of those Input text fields that you've just placed on the stage and click it to focus on it. Notice that in the Properties Inspector we do have some options as to what we can do with this text field. We could rename it if we didn't like the ID we gave it before or if that's changed.

We could give it a specified character width and a maximum number of characters. Now the character width would affect the visual width of this text field and it's very tempting to go ahead and do that now so they're all the same. However, in this case, we're going to be using CSS to do that, so we don't really need to enter that value here. Notice also that this is where we could make the text field a Password text field if we wanted to, and we could apply a class to the Input text field. That's a good thing because we're going to be doing that a little bit later on. Okay. So our form is well on its way, and it should have given you an idea of how easy it is to place text fields in your form.

From this point forward, all that remains is to consider the information we need from our user and which form elements meet the requirement for collecting or presenting that particular type of data. With that in mind, we're going to explore using the List/Menu item next.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training.


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Q: After creating a website following the instructions in the course, the header background graphic appears correctly in all browsers except Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.  The graphic works properly in IE 8. What can be done to make the graphics appear in IE 6 and IE 7?
A: To make the header background graphic appear, wrap the header div tag in another div tag and give it an ID like “mainHeader.” The problem stems from a bug in Internet Explorer that prevents the browser from dealing with absolutely positioned elements that are right next to relatively positioned elements.  Following the steps above should solve the problem.
Q: In the tutorial, the author links the Tool Tip to the word "More" at the bottom of the thumbnail photo field. I can't figure out how to place the <a> "More" on the thumbnail photo field.
A: In the example, there is a paragraph that wraps an <img> tag and the word "More," which is surrounded by an anchor tag (<a>). The author uses CSS to make sure the parent div tag of the thumbs floats to the left, and is only wide enough for the image. This causes the link text to break down onto another line. Then, the instructor uses CSS to align the link text to the right of the <img>. The link itself is a void JavaScript function, ( javascript();). This gives you a "dummy" link without returning you to the top of the page as the "#" dummy link tends to do.
If you were manually typing the text in, you could select the image, hit the right arrow button, and begin typing. The text should then appear on screen.
Q: In this movie, you are making changes to the HTML in order to customize the text layout on your page (i.e. h1, h2, and h3 tags as well as strong and em tags). I'm wondering why you are not using CSS to do this (i.e. font-size, font-weight). Do you typically use one method, or is it customary to do use both in a layout, and if so, what guidelines would you suggest to determine which to use when?
A: We modify the page's structure through the use of h1, h2, and other heading tags. So when we are choosing heading levels, we're not concerning ourselves with typography; we're establishing page structure. A heading is chosen to denote the level of importance for the heading, not typography.
CSS should always be used for presentation, not HTML.
Q: In the “Understanding ID selectors” movie, the author states that only one ID tag can be used per page, but then he adds two ID tags. Can you please clarify this for me?
A: You can use as many IDs per page as you wish. They just must all use a unique name. Therefore if you assign an element the ID of "header" no other element on THAT page may use the same ID.
Q: I noticed that in this course, the instructor uses this code on his CSS external sheet: @charset "UTF-8"; I was under the impression that this code wasn't necessary. The W3.org site is unclear on the matter. Is it necessary? Is it a best practice? Is it an older form of CSS?
A: The characterset attribute is added automatically by Dreamweaver, and there’s no practical reason to remove it. While it's not needed (the HTML page should indicate which encoding to use for the page) it is helpful if the CSS file is ever imported or used on a page where the characterset isn't specified. Think of it as a safety net for characterset encoding. Not necessary, but not harmful either.
Q: I need to add captions below images that I insert in pages of text. I played all the lessons in Chapter 5 (Adding Text and Structure) but none dealt with captions. I hope the author has an answer or can refer me to a source.
A: In HTML 4 and XHTML 1 (which is what Dreamweaver CS5 uses by default), there wasn't really a way to add captions below your photos. Most web authors would "fake" captions by having paragraphs of text below their images and using CSS to position and style the captions in the desired manner. Many would use a class such as .imgCaption to control the styling. To do this you would essentially position the text underneath the image through CSS (often by grouping the image and the paragraph in a div tag) and italicizing the text.

However in HTML5, there are new elements that allow us to associate images and their captions, the figure and figcaption element. Our author James Williamson just finished a course on HTML5: Syntax, Structure, and Semantics which details how to use it.

HTML5 Doctor also has a nice article on the figure and figcaption elements at http://html5doctor.com/the-figure-figcaption-elements/.
 
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