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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
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Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document


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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

with James Williamson

Video: Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document

Welcome back, our XSL Transfer Sheet is almost finished. It's displaying the information we want it to display but the only problem is it's only displaying the first record. So we need to change it so that it will display all of the shows and not just the first one. We do that by using what's known as a Repeating Region and Dreamweaver makes them amazingly easy to do. Now when you do a repeating region you have to be very careful to select exactly the area that you are looking to select. For example, we don't necessarily need to repeat the showType. The showType is upcoming shows. We don't need to repeat that every single time.
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 1h 23m
    1. Reviewing the Coding toolbar
      8m 42s
    2. Customizing the Coding toolbar
      9m 52s
    3. Taking advantage of Code Hinting
      7m 20s
    4. Using snippets and shortcuts
      11m 10s
    5. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      5m 18s
    6. Using Find and Replace
      9m 50s
    7. Regular expressions
      5m 39s
    8. Using Bridge with Dreamweaver CS3
      8m 28s
    9. Round-trip editing with Photoshop CS3
      3m 40s
    10. Leveraging image variables in Photoshop CS3
      7m 32s
    11. Integrating external variables into your workflow
      6m 16s
  3. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding the CSS Styles panel
      7m 59s
    2. Understanding the Cascade
      5m 50s
    3. Understanding Inheritance
      5m 8s
    4. Understanding Specificity
      7m 5s
    5. Managing CSS styles
      5m 4s
    6. Using Design-Time style sheets
      6m 20s
  4. 2h 19m
    1. Using the new CSS template pages
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding DIV tag structure and layout
      12m 0s
    3. Understanding the CSS box model
      10m 0s
    4. Using absolute and relative positioning
      8m 35s
    5. Understanding floating elements
      7m 9s
    6. Clearing floats
      7m 19s
    7. Using floats to control page layout
      3m 45s
    8. Building structure and assigning IDs
      10m 19s
    9. Applying basic styling to structured content
      11m 14s
    10. Positioning container elements
      11m 4s
    11. Enhancing layouts with background graphics
      11m 48s
    12. Creating faux columns with background graphics
      8m 55s
    13. Creating rounded corners with background graphics
      9m 17s
    14. Building navigation with CSS
      16m 57s
    15. Using Dreamweaver's Browser Check feature
      5m 31s
  5. 53m 22s
    1. Creating properly structured forms
      6m 30s
    2. Creating accessible forms
      6m 41s
    3. Using CSS to lay out form structure
      7m 40s
    4. Creating vertical columns for form elements
      7m 48s
    5. Adding user feedback
      5m 52s
    6. Applying advanced styling to forms
      8m 11s
    7. Client-side form validation
      4m 17s
    8. Validating forms with the Spry Validation tools
      6m 23s
  6. 1h 20m
    1. Understanding the Spry framework
      3m 43s
    2. Defining a data source for use in Spry
      3m 56s
    3. Creating a Spry table
      8m 8s
    4. Using the Spry widgets
      8m 11s
    5. Connecting various data sets
      4m 50s
    6. Understanding Spry widget structures
      7m 1s
    7. Applying custom styles to Spry widgets
      6m 24s
    8. Applying additional custom styles to Spry widgets
      8m 46s
    9. Controlling Spry widget behaviors with JavaScript
      6m 0s
    10. Controlling Spry widget animations with JavaScript
      9m 31s
    11. Creating effects with Spry behaviors
      4m 42s
    12. Hand-coding Spry
      9m 11s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Creating a base template
      8m 6s
    2. Creating editable attributes
      6m 26s
    3. Creating a new page from a template
      7m 42s
    4. Applying a template to an existing page
      4m 36s
    5. Creating nested templates
      5m 24s
    6. Using repeating regions
      6m 34s
    7. Creating editable and non-editable optional regions
      6m 0s
    8. Using template parameters
      7m 26s
    9. Using template expressions
      9m 59s
    10. Using conditional template expressions
      8m 54s
  8. 54m 40s
    1. Examining XML structure
      2m 44s
    2. Creating an XML document
      9m 9s
    3. Using the CDATA structure
      5m 7s
    4. Creating an XSLT file
      4m 33s
    5. Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document
      5m 6s
    6. Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document
      5m 16s
    7. Creating a client-side XSL transformation
      2m 52s
    8. Styling a remote RSS feed
      7m 29s
    9. Creating a server-side XSL transformation
      5m 31s
    10. Writing XSL expressions
      6m 53s
  9. 1h 2m
    1. Overview of building dynamic websites
      1m 35s
    2. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Mac
      3m 22s
    3. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Windows
      3m 54s
    4. Creating a MySQL database
      3m 16s
    5. Defining a testing server and database bindings
      6m 14s
    6. Creating a database recordset
      4m 35s
    7. Adding dynamic content to the page
      5m 14s
    8. Creating repeating regions of dynamic content
      7m 6s
    9. Filtering database records
      7m 39s
    10. Using the Live Preview
      10m 22s
    11. Passing URL parameters
      4m 23s
    12. Dynamically generating links
      5m 18s
  10. 57m 9s
    1. Understanding behaviors
      5m 16s
    2. Installing additional behaviors
      3m 39s
    3. Planning to create a custom behavior
      3m 42s
    4. Examining existing behaviors
      5m 32s
    5. Building a behavior function
      7m 23s
    6. Creating an Action file
      6m 48s
    7. Enabling behavior functions
      9m 1s
    8. Initializing the user interface for a behavior
      3m 9s
    9. Loading behaviors in Dreamweaver
      6m 47s
    10. Testing and debugging behaviors
      5m 52s
  11. 27m 12s
    1. Running reports
      7m 41s
    2. Checking and validating links
      3m 40s
    3. Using cloaking
      5m 42s
    4. Using Check In/Check Out
      4m 3s
    5. Using Design Notes
      6m 6s
  12. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
11h 10m Intermediate Sep 21, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Covering diverse topics such as improving workflow and managing CSS styles, Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics is a hands-on course that teaches users how to move beyond standard, static websites. Instructor James Williamson explores how to increase productivity, interactivity, and accessibility with Dreamweaver. He also discusses how to extend the application's capabilities with XML and XSL. Exercise files accompany the tutorials.

Topics include:
  • Reviewing and customizing the coding toolbar
  • Understanding the CSS Styles panel
  • Using absolute and relative positioning
  • Creating accessible forms
  • Building AJAX pages with the Spry framework
  • Extending templates
  • Working with XML and XSL
  • Building dynamic content
  • Creating custom behaviors in Dreamweaver
  • Running reports
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document

Welcome back, our XSL Transfer Sheet is almost finished. It's displaying the information we want it to display but the only problem is it's only displaying the first record. So we need to change it so that it will display all of the shows and not just the first one. We do that by using what's known as a Repeating Region and Dreamweaver makes them amazingly easy to do. Now when you do a repeating region you have to be very careful to select exactly the area that you are looking to select. For example, we don't necessarily need to repeat the showType. The showType is upcoming shows. We don't need to repeat that every single time.

So I am actually going to start at the information that needs to repeat which is at our date and I am going to select downward from that. So I will hit my left arrow key next to that, just to make sure I have got the correct item. Starting there I am just going to drag down and to the right and I will select the remaining content. So I want to select everything on my document except for that. If you want, you can double check in Code View to make sure you have got everything and this is why I double check. Notice what happened here. I did not get the opening h2 tag, I did not get the closing li, I did not get the closing ul tag. So really important that I check this. So I am going to switch over to Code View, so you are still working in Code View, I am going to highlight the h2 and go all the way down to the unordered list so we will have all of that selected.

Now with that selected I am going to go up to my menu and I will go to Insert. In the Insert menu, if you scroll all the way down you are going to notice a new little mini item called XSLT Objects. Dreamweaver provides us these XSLT Objects to prevent us from having to do a lot of hand-coding. You can see we can insert Dynamic Text on the page, Repeat Regions, Conditional Regions that appear if certain conditions are met. Multiple Conditional Region and you can even pass XSL Comments in from here. So we are going to choose Repeat Region and Dreamweaver needs to know, okay at point you want me to pick this up? You will notice that in our Bindings, I am going to scroll down, both the show and painting are repeating regions. So which one do we want? Oh, we want show. So I am going to select show, click OK.

Now this is surrounded in a brand new tag. Notice that we have an xsl: for-each tag and it says select= "galleryShows/ showType/show". So the for-each syntax is actually doing the repeat for us and then select tells it which node to repeat. Now you can nest repeating regions inside of each other. As a matter of fact, we need to do this because we are only displaying right now the first painting. We want to display more than one painting. So I am going to highlight just the list item itself. So again, I am going to do this in Code View on line 30, I am going to do just the list item and I am going to go up to Insert > XSLT Objects, and choose Repeat Region again. Now this time I will scroll down and find painting because that's what this object is. we want painting to repeat and click OK. And again we have our for-each values. So the for-each is basically going into that object and saying for each one of this that you have go ahead and display one here.

Now you will notice that we do this inside of a list item and this is going to dynamically build a list for us. You could do this inside of a table, it would dynamically build table rows for you, or you could even do this inside of form elements. So if you had a pull down menu or combo box so it would go ahead and populate that for you. Switch back to Design View and we notice in Design View we actually have a little highlight that says xsl: for each, indicating to us that we do have some repeating regions on the page. I am going to save this and we will test this in our browser. Now not only do we see all four shows but notice the paintings for each of the shows is repeating as well. So there is our nested repeating region.

Our XSLT is doing exactly what we are asking it to do at this point. We are saying take this information from this XML file or any XML file you are attached to and display it on the page in this fashion. So we are formatting heading tags and paragraph tags and image tags, but it's still pretty raw, there is not a whole lot going on here and one of the things that we can do to our XSL documents is actually bring in cascading style sheets to help with the formatting process. Now there are a lot of pros and cons to doing that. There is a lot of debate about whether CSS should be used with XSL or in conjunction with it, or whether we should use something else called XSL Formatting Objects.

I am of the opinion that for generating XHTML the cascading style sheets is the best form for formatting that visually. So what we are going to do is we are just going to attach a style sheet and we do this the same way that you would attach style sheet in an XHTML page. So I am going to go to my CSS Styles panel I will click on the All button and I am going to select the Attach Style Sheet icon. Now I am just going to browse. So we are going to go in our Exercise Files and we are going to select our CSS folder and the CSS we are looking for is the simple_xml.css. Click Choose, we will make sure we have a link, click OK and immediately everything on our page formats.

So I am going to save this again, preview this on my browser and we have dramatically affected our XSL transformation. So our XML is looking a lot more like what we expected at the beginning of our exercise. So we are going to quit Firefox. Now if you notice that while we were previewing that in the browser we kept previewing a temp file. So we weren't looking at an actual XSL transformation, we were looking at a preview of what the transformation would do. In our next exercise, we will see how we can actually perform an XSLT transfer on the client side.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics.


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Q: In the Chapter 3 movie “Creating rounded corners with background graphics”, the instructor uses a .last class selector. What are the CSS properties of this selector?
A: The .last selector is as follows:
#current p.last{
background: url(../_images/current_btm_bg.gif) no-repeat bottom
left;
padding-bottom: 2em;
margin: 0;
}
The background is the bottom rounded corner graphic, the bottom padding keeps the type away from the bottom of the box and thus the rounded corners, and the margin ensures that the box elements fit seamlessly with each other.
 
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