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Discover how to build web sites, prototypes, and more in this course on Adobe Dreamweaver CS6. Author James Williamson shows designers how to take control of their site by properly naming and structuring files and folders; how to create new documents and web pages from scratch or with starter pages; and how to add content such as text, images, tables, and links. James also provides a background on the languages that power projects built in Dreamweaver—HTML and CSS—and introduces the programming features in the application, for developers who want to dig right into the code. The last chapter shows how to finesse your project with interactive content such as CSS3 transitions and Spry widgets.
The list menu item is actually one element that has two possible uses. When placing a list menu item on your page, by adding a single attribute you can choose to make it a list or a menu. A menu gives users a pulldown menu that allows only one choice. These are very good for presenting users with long lists where only one choice is allowed. The list option on the other hand allows you to create a list that displays multiple choices. This can be handy for a small list but can become a bit cumbersome when used with many choices.
Again, we are going to be working with request.htm and this time I am opening it up from the 10_07 directory. And as I scroll down, I can see there's a little bit more done to our form now, so there's a few more elements that have been added to it, and those are all text elements which is what we covered in the last movie. So what I am going to do is I am going to take the text right here for the State Placeholder. It's pretty common when you're choosing which state you are from in a form to grab a pulldown menu and choose that, so that's what we are going to enter here. So I am going to go ahead and delete that default text.
Then I am going to go up to my Form Objects and I want to choose the Select element which is called a List/Menu item inside Dreamweaver. So I am going to go ahead and click that, and again, I get my Input Tag Accessibility Attributes. So it really doesn't matter what type of form element you are placing on a page, you're going to get these attributes. So what I am going to do here is state for ID, the Label is going to say State. I am going to attach it using the for attribute; that's going to be pretty much a standard way of doing this. The Position is going to be Before the form item and the Tab Index for this one is going to be 50.
So I will click OK and it's going to go ahead and place it on the page. When you first select this, I will go to Live View to show you this. When you first select this pulldown menu, well, you can't, and that's because it has nothing inside of it. So if I click on this, I notice that if I click on the Select menu item, when I go down to my Properties Inspector, you will notice that I have the option of making it a Menu or a List. I can also give it an Initially selected value from the values that it has, but I first need to add those. So I am going to go right over here to List Values and click on that.
That's going to open up a dialog box that allows me to enter in a Label, and that's what the user will actually see, and then a Value, and that's what is going to be submitted to the form if that particular item is selected. So for the first one, since this is a list of our states, I am going to do Alabama, and then the Value for that is AL. Now that value can be anything that the form processing needs. So this may be a primary key like a number or you could do like what we are doing here and do the abbreviation for it. It's really up to whoever is going to write the processing script for this. Okay, so that's state number one, there's only 49 more to go and you probably want to enter the territories in too.
So you go ahead and do that and I am going to step away for a little bit and get a drink. Nah, I am just kidding you. I am going to go ahead and cancel that because I already have those done for you. So I am trying to be nice about this. I am going to go over to my Files Panel and open up the _assets folder, and inside that, I have a little text file, that is states.txt. This is going to give us some insight into the structure of the select menu item. You will notice that we have an option tag and inside that option tag is a value, and that's the value that's returned if it's chosen.
And then we have just some text, and that is what you're actually going to see in the pulldown menu. So I am going to go ahead and select all of this and copy it, go back in my request, and of course, this is going to be a lot easier to do in Code View. So I am going to switch over to Code View, there is my select menu item, and all I have to do is create a little bit of space inside that between the opening and closing select tags, paste that in, and we are all done. So I am going to save that, go back into Design View, and now if I go to Live View, you will notice that now our list is populated with all the states including my beautiful home state of South Carolina. Wonderful! All right! I am going to turn the Live View off and I do feel like mentioning that when you have all those values like that, like this time 50 values, 60 values, 70 values, if it's a common thing like countries' codes or state codes, typically you can do a quick Google search and find that information online that you can then copy and paste in and make it a little bit easier.
Okay, I also want to show you the difference between this menu and a list item, so we are going to place a list item on the page as well. So what we are going to do is I am going to go down to the Program Placeholder which is right here, Areas of study, I am going to highlight of that and delete the text. And then I am going to go back and add one more List/Menu item to the page. Now for this one, the ID is going to be program and the Label for this is going to be Program and then (s), so for Program or Program(s) of Interest.
I am going to leave everything else as default and the Tab Index for this one is going to be 60. Okay, I am going to go ahead and click on that one. Now unfortunately, I don't have anything to help you out with this one; we are going to have to enter these values ourselves. So I am going to go ahead and click the select menu item, but I am going to change something here. Instead of the Type being Menu, I am going to change that to List. Now we will come back to that in just a moment. You will notice that we have the option of setting the Height property, but actually we are going to do that through CSS. And then we have the ability to allow multiple selections, and I want to do that; I want people to able to choose more than one answer.
So I am going to allow for multiples there, and then I am going to enter the List Values in. And we only have a few to enter in and I think you can see how quickly you can add these. The first one is going to be Animation, and since it's a Label, this is what people are going to see, so I am going to type in with a capital A, Animation. Now if I just hit Tab, it's going to move me right over to the Value and I am going to type in animation there as well. If I hit the Tab again, I get to add a new one. So I can just keep hitting Tab to go through all the Labels and Values. So the next one is going to be Fashion + Textile Design.
so these are the programs that the University offers. The Value for that is going to be fashion. So notice that it's a much shortened version of that obviously. Then we are going to have Fine Art + Visual Culture, and that is going to be fine. The next is going to be Graphic Design, my major in college, and we will do design there. And then we have Interior Design and that's going to be interior. Photography, the Value for that is going to be photo. And so if the form is submitted, what it will do is it will say something like Program= and then give you all the values that are returned.
And the next one is going to Product Design and that will be product. So see, I told you that wouldn't take too long. All right! I am going to go ahead and click OK and I am going to do a Save All. Now really quickly I want to look at this in Code View just so you can see the difference. You can see that right here for program, notice that it has this little attribute right here, multiple. If I go up to my other select item, that is the only difference between those guys. It's just the ability here to select multiple items on that.
Now the size is also going to show one at a time, but again, we can change that through the use of CSS, so we don't even really need to have that. For right now though, before we style this, let's just change this for a moment. I am going to change it to about 6 so we can see more than one at a time, but normally, I would get rid of that and style that with CSS. So I am going to go back to Design View, click on Live View, and you can see the difference. Here we have a pulldown menu where we can choose from, and here we have a list where if I hold down the Ctrl or Command key, I can select multiple items from.
So the hard part about creating List/Menu items is knowing what to use for labels and data to be quite honest with you; you might have been wondering that as I was filling this out. Well, how did you know what data to use? Well, unless you are also creating the processing page, you will need to know what the exact names of each of the data fields will be. Now this isn't any different from any other form element; it's just it would list menu items. You have multiple names to worry about instead of just one. So if you're not the one creating the processing page, be sure to ask which values you need for your form.
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