Enabling site-specific code hinting
Video: Enabling site-specific code hintingAs noted throughout the course, WordPress is at its heart a PHP application. More importantly, it is a highly evolved PHP application with hundreds of its own functions and methods built-in. Dreamweaver includes a feature that can open the door to this WordPress specific code to make it very straightforward to apply. Let me show you how to put it to work. So I have opened the index.php file from my basic WordPress set of files, and I've discovered all of the dynamically-related files shown here in Split view.
- Working with web fonts
- Styling a header
- Adding header functions
- Setting up content columns
- Changing the main content
- Managing the content code
- Customizing the sidebar
- Styling search
- Working with search text
- Integrating the footer
- Next steps
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In this course, author Joseph Lowery shows how to combine the utility of WordPress and the power of Adobe Dreamweaver to transition existing websites to the WordPress platform. The course demonstrates how to create new blog posts and pages, customize WordPress themes, and extend WordPress editable pages from within Dreamweaver. It also covers how to add Spry elements, add and customize plugins, and enhance WordPress-stored content with Dreamweaver's dynamic pages. Plus, a chapter on responsive design shows how you can adapt your layouts for tablets and mobile devices.
- Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
- Applying WordPress themes
- Customizing themes
- Adding Spry widgets
- Adding WordPress dynamic data
- Populating the WordPress database
- Publishing a WordPress site
Enabling site-specific code hinting
As noted throughout the course, WordPress is at its heart a PHP application. More importantly, it is a highly evolved PHP application with hundreds of its own functions and methods built-in. Dreamweaver includes a feature that can open the door to this WordPress specific code to make it very straightforward to apply. Let me show you how to put it to work. So I have opened the index.php file from my basic WordPress set of files, and I've discovered all of the dynamically-related files shown here in Split view.
Let's say that I want to add a bit of PHP code to my sidebar.php file. First, I'll use the Custom Filter to isolate that file. So I'll go over, click on the Filter icon, choose Custom Filter and then in the field in the Custom Filter dialog box enter sidebar.php, click OK, and there's my sidebar.php file. Let me go ahead and switch over to Code view.
So I'm just going to place my cursor above the div that you see here, and I'll start to enter in some code. I'll start with a PHP code block, and once I do that I trigger standard code hints for PHP, and if they don't show up right away I can invoke them by pressing Ctrl+Spacebar, and there is a slew of functions, including various PHP functions. Many, but not all, WordPress functions start with the initials WP, so watch what happens when I enter those initial letters with code hints being displayed. W--so there's W-- and, as you can see, there is a lot of information about various PHP information that we see here, and if I hit the p character, well there are no code hints, because WordPress functions are not part of code hints generally, the code hints toolbar disappears.
Now you can however bring them in by turning on what's called site-specific code hinting, which is found under the Site menu. So I'll go up to Site and choose a Site-Specific Code Hints. Now there's an awful lot of power built into this little dialog box, but one of its best features, as far as WordPress is concerned, is how you don't have to do anything but turn it on. So let me just go ahead and click OK, and then we'll come back into that dialog box.
Although it's not immediately obvious a new file has been added to the site. Let me close up the CSS Styles panel so we can expand the Files panel, so let me collapse the blog folder and here right below that folder you'll see a cloaked file, called dw_php_codehinting.config. Now this file is to be used within Dreamweaver only, and because it's cloaked it will never be sent up to your server by accident. So now that I have this file added, let's go back to my code, and this time I'll invoke the code hinting one more time by pressing Ctrl+Spacebar and type in WP, and this time we have access to hundreds of WordPress functions.
So I'm going to complete this by entering a little bit more code. Let's say that I wanted to show a list of pages in the site, so I'll enter wp_list, I'll put in the P for pages there, and you can see the code hinting narrow down. And once I get to this point I can go ahead and hit Return and let code hinting do its magic and then I'll just finish off the function with a closing parenthesis, a Semicolon, and let's close off the PHP code block.
So now if I go to Design view, and I'll click Refresh, and then scroll down, you'll see a list of the pages that we have here. This is the output for the code that we just put in the sidebar, wp_list_pages, it is of course unstyled and not something we want to keep so I'm going to go ahead and delete that, and we save sidebar.php. And that's just a small example of what's possible. Well, Dreamweaver is a Site-Specific Code Hints features won't teach you everything you need to know about WordPress' function, it can provide a significant leg up and one that we'll take advantage of later in this course.
Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts .
Here are the FAQs that matched your search "" :
- Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
- A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:
- Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
- A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:
- From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
- Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
- Enter the following: mysql -u root
- The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
- Enter the following:
SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
- replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use.
- Close the CMD window.
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the config.inc.php file. Here's how:
- In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin220.127.116.11 (version number may vary).
- Open the file config.inc.php in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
- Locate the following line:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
- Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
- Save the file.
- From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
- To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.
- Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
- A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
- Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
- A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
- Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
- A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
- Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
- A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
- Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
- A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
- Q: In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.
If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
- A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.
Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
- Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
- Choose phpMyAdmin.
- When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
- Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
- Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
- Scroll down to the Change Password section.
- Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
- Click Go in the lower-right corner.
- Q: I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
- A: You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
- Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
- A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.
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