Customizing for tablets
Video: Customizing for tabletsIn this lesson I'll show you how to retrofit a Desktop design for a tablet-size screen, specifically one that is between 321 pixels and 768 pixels wide. Let me show you what we're going to do for the blog_comp first. So I have my full-size Desktop size screen now. Let's go to Tablet size, and there is lot of differences here, some of them more subtle than others. The first thing is that the navigation is a little bit tighter in order to fit in this area, and also you can see if you look carefully that the navigation overlay--that's this brown area here--actually ends before the edge of the screen, so we'll need to adjust that as well.
- Working with web fonts
- Styling a header
- Adding header functions
- Setting up content columns
- Changing the main content
- Managing the content code
- Customizing the sidebar
- Styling search
- Working with search text
- Integrating the footer
- Next steps
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In this course, author Joseph Lowery shows how to combine the utility of WordPress and the power of Adobe Dreamweaver to transition existing websites to the WordPress platform. The course demonstrates how to create new blog posts and pages, customize WordPress themes, and extend WordPress editable pages from within Dreamweaver. It also covers how to add Spry elements, add and customize plugins, and enhance WordPress-stored content with Dreamweaver's dynamic pages. Plus, a chapter on responsive design shows how you can adapt your layouts for tablets and mobile devices.
- Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
- Applying WordPress themes
- Customizing themes
- Adding Spry widgets
- Adding WordPress dynamic data
- Populating the WordPress database
- Publishing a WordPress site
Customizing for tablets
In this lesson I'll show you how to retrofit a Desktop design for a tablet-size screen, specifically one that is between 321 pixels and 768 pixels wide. Let me show you what we're going to do for the blog_comp first. So I have my full-size Desktop size screen now. Let's go to Tablet size, and there is lot of differences here, some of them more subtle than others. The first thing is that the navigation is a little bit tighter in order to fit in this area, and also you can see if you look carefully that the navigation overlay--that's this brown area here--actually ends before the edge of the screen, so we'll need to adjust that as well.
Next--and perhaps most visually important-- the main content area is much narrower than it was before, whereas the sidebar is exactly the same width. Now this is obviously a design choice. You may opt to reduce both the main content and sidebar proportionally. And then as we look down further, it looks like there is some changes that will need to be made to the footer. All right, so let's head on over to index.php. Now, instead of copying the values from the blog_comp and changing the selectors where appropriate, let's just work our way down the page in our WordPress blog, adding styles to the tablet media query we established in the setting up media query's lesson.
For that I'll use the index.php from the blog folder, in Live view with my related files discovered, and my custom filter set to style.css. Now, again, I am going to use Dreamweaver's Window sizing capabilities to work within the targeted tablet width. Although the icons we see here are really intended for use with Dreamweaver's Fluid Grid Layout future, the tablet one is the exact width we need, so let's click that. Now you can see immediately the problems where I have a horizontal scroll bar here and one of the primary goals in making this type of conversion is to make sure that there is no horizontal scrollbar, that's it's only a vertical scroll.
So first, we go to my stylesheet, and we're going to be working in the Tablet media query right here. So I am going to first reduce the overall width of the page and the main container. So we'll set the body and the outerWrapper, we'll create a rule for that and set that width to 768 pixels. Now let me go ahead and make a little more room for my design here, so we can take a look at it as it happens.
Now as I mentioned, the navigation here is pushing out my horizontal. I see alumni up there, and then there is blog and about, and that means that there's just too much right margin here. So let's adjust that with another rule, and I am going to target pageHeader li, that's the list item, and I'll set that with a margin-right to 25 pixels. If you have any question as to whether you're targeting the right element or not, you can always use Inspect mode to verify what you think is right.
Next, I am going to reduce the width of the navigation area which is contained in the nav tag. So pageHeader, nav, and I am going to reduce that to a width of 600. All right, let's switch in to Design view and hit Refresh and see how things are looking. Well, not bad. Looks like our header area is shaping up pretty well. Everything is kind of nicely tightened up along the navigation area, and our brown area is no longer pushing out beyond the page.
Now obviously, there is the main content area next. So I'll need to adjust the background image that creates the faux columns for the main content and the sidebar areas. As I said, I'm planning to reduce the main content area and keep the sidebar the same. The full width of the entire page is 960 pixels, and my reduced width is 768. The difference between those two values is 192 pixels, so that means I just need to shift the background image to the left 192 pixels.
I can do that via the background position property, and while I am at it, I'll also need to give the container that has that faux column image in it a new width. So let's head back to our stylesheet, and you may recall that the faux column image is applied to a div with an ID of #contentWrap. So let's target that particular div, and I am going to set up a background position as the next property and shift everything over as I said 192 pixels to the left, and to do that I'll need to use a negative value, so -192px.
When you're changing one value with a background position, you always want to give both the values. So I want to give the horizontal version and the vertical and the vertical is just going to be top. Okay, as I said, we also want to restrict #contentWrap to a new width, and that width is 768 pixels. So let's make sure to put in our closing bracket here. Now let's apply that same measurement difference, 192 pixels, to the width of the main content area which is controlled by the content selector.
Let's expand our CSS Files panel just to see what that width currently is. So I'll go here, use my left arrow key to go up the DOM 'til I get to the content area. And my width now is 607 pixels, so subtract 192 from that, and you'll get 415, our new width for the content area for tablet-sized screens. So let's go down and add in that rule, content is the selector, I'll do an open and closing curly brace and then set the width to 415 pixels.
Okay, let's see how that looks with a Refresh. Ignore that protruding video for now. We'll get to that before we're over. Let's tackle the footer area next. As you can see, the three-column arrangement just isn't working anymore. Now there are a lot of variations you could apply to this area, but let's take a simple one-column centered approach. So let's head back to Split view and style.css, and we'll add in a new rule for footer tag, and we're specifically going to target a class called col, short for column.
Now I am going to turn off the floating, we don't need that anymore, so that will give us one column right after another, so float none. And there is also, as you can see, right next to ABOUT ROUX ACADEMY a border-right that appears. Let's get rid of that. And finally, let's center all of the columns, so we'll do a margin: 0 auto. Okay, let's Refresh the page, and that does what we were expecting it to, but it looks like there is a little bit of padding between the links sections and the final Copyright line, would be handy.
Since this is the only tag in the footer, I can go ahead and address that directly.
tag in the footer, I can go ahead and address that directly.So I'll create a rule, footer p is the selector, and set the padding-top of that to 20 pixels, and let's close off that rule with a curly brace, hit Refresh, and see how it looks. All right, that did the trick. So typically, at this point I'd say good job and offer high-fives all around.
But scroll up a bit, and we have this big monster video sitting in the middle of our page. The comp doesn't really account for handling video responsively. So it's good that it came up now, rather than when the client first uses the site. Let me show you how to make a video resize as needed in a responsive web design. It'll take a couple of CSS rules and some judiciously- placed HTML, but it's really not that hard at all. So, since we're here, let's do the CSS first.
So let's switch to Code view, and then I am going to scroll up. I am actually going to put this video code above both of the @media declarations so that it will be effective across the board. Now we'll need to create an initial rule for a containing element that maintains the proper padding and handles overflow correctly. And I want to call this containing element video-container. The element that is within the video container--that is the video--will in the next rule be positioned absolutely.
To set that up, we need to set position: relative in the containing element, we also need to add some padding on the top and bottom. Now the bottom, we're going to set up at a percentage value, and the top we'll set to a specific value. So padding-bottom, we'll set to 56.25%. This is a value that's been worked out on the web by a number of people, and it seems to be very effective. And then a specific value for the top, and I'll make that 30 pixels.
Initially, we're going to set the height to zero, and that will allow whatever is in the containing element to determine the height, and overflow must be set to hidden. All right, that's our first rule. Now we're ready to create the rule for the object within the video container. When WordPress embeds video, it typically uses an iframe. But it or other systems could also use an object or an embed tag, so we're going to make sure we cover all of our bases in a single rule.
So the initial selector is still my video container class, so .video-container, and then we'll put in the selector for whatever is inside that, and the first one we'll use is the iframe, and then I'll put a comma. Next, we'll do the same thing but for object, another comma, and finally we'll do a video-container embed. I'll insert my open and closing curly braces, scroll up a tad, and as I said, we need to position this absolutely.
So let's make that our first property declaration. Next, we want to tell the browser exactly where within the container we want this to be positioned, and we're going to put it at the top left corner so that's a top: 0 and left: 0. We want to set the width and the height so that they expand as much as they can within the container. So we'll set those properties to 100% each. Okay, our rules are all done. I am going to save my CSS stylesheet.
Now to take advantage of these CSS rules, we'll have to add a bit of HTML to our posts
that contains the video.
Let's head on over to the WordPress Dashboard and edit the Video Production Project Online post.
Okay, so we want to go into the HTML tab, because we're going to be adding some HTML,
and I am going to put my cursor right after that first line and before the link and put
in my div code, which is going to be
This is very important to do that. You want to isolate the link that you see here, and
if you have an errant character like I do here, this non-breaking space, you want to get rid of that.
Now let's close off the div, and we can click Update.
I want to reiterate that it's vital that you have blank lines on either side of the URL.
Otherwise, WordPress will just output a link, rather than an embedded video.
Now that we've updated the post, let's go check it out in Dreamweaver.
So now I'll click Refresh, and there is my properly scaled video.
If I switch to Desktop width, the video scales up accordingly.
The best thing is that this video we're scaling will also work for the iPhone screens, which we'll tackle next.
This is very important to do that. You want to isolate the link that you see here, and if you have an errant character like I do here, this non-breaking space, you want to get rid of that. Now let's close off the div, and we can click Update. I want to reiterate that it's vital that you have blank lines on either side of the URL. Otherwise, WordPress will just output a link, rather than an embedded video. Now that we've updated the post, let's go check it out in Dreamweaver. So now I'll click Refresh, and there is my properly scaled video.
If I switch to Desktop width, the video scales up accordingly. The best thing is that this video we're scaling will also work for the iPhone screens, which we'll tackle next.
Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts .
Here are the FAQs that matched your search "" :
- Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
- A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:
- Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
- A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:
- From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
- Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
- Enter the following: mysql -u root
- The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
- Enter the following:
SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
- replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use.
- Close the CMD window.
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the config.inc.php file. Here's how:
- In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin18.104.22.168 (version number may vary).
- Open the file config.inc.php in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
- Locate the following line:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
- Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
- Save the file.
- From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
- To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.
- Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
- A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
- Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
- A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
- Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
- A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
- Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
- A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
- Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
- A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
- Q: In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.
If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
- A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.
Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
- Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
- Choose phpMyAdmin.
- When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
- Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
- Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
- Scroll down to the Change Password section.
- Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
- Click Go in the lower-right corner.
- Q: I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
- A: You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
- Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
- A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.
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