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Let's continue our conversion of the default theme by working in the sidebar areas. Almost all WordPress themes use sidebars either on the left or the right and sometimes both. In the previous lesson changing the main content, we moved the sidebar that was on the left side of the Custom Theme to the right side as called for by our comp. In this lesson we will clean up the content of the sidebar as well as its styling. First, let's tackle the content, which is comprised of a series of widgets.
You can think of a widget as a canned bit of coding that outputs a targeted slice of content often a series of links in a list. So in our blog_comp, which I have on the screen now, we see four such widgets, there is Search, Hot Links, Archive, and Categories. Now when we take a look at the current state of our index.php page I've got Recent Post, Recent Comments, Archives, Categories, and something called Meta as well as a search field up top.
So there are a good number of unwanted widgets here to remove them you'll need to go to the WordPress Admin area and work in the Widget section there. So let's head on over to the dashboard, and I'll choose Appearance > Widgets. On the right-hand side under Available Widget you see a collection of standard widgets that you can bring in to any sidebar. I should mention that you can also download custom widgets. There are tons available. And we will explore little bit of that world a little on in the course.
On the right-hand side are your sidebars are widget areas. Well, the custom theme, that we've been customizing, has one sidebar area for widgets. Other themes can have multiple widget areas and the widgets that you see in the sidebar widget area correspond to those widgets we saw in our Index page. So let's remove the ones that we don't need and to remove something all you have to do is drag it out. So I don't want this Recent Post so I am just going to drag that away. Same thing with Recent Comments and Meta, which we don't need.
Now there is no saving or anything like that. Once you drag it out it's gone. Let's go back to Dreamweaver, and I'll refresh the page and our widget area has been greatly reduced. It looks good. Now let's go back to WordPress, and we can start to customize our remaining widgets. Now each of these widgets can be expanded and depending on the widget itself you'll find one or more options available. Search has an option for a Title. There currently isn't one in our index.php file, but if we take a look at the blog_comp, and I will scroll up, it has a very handy title called Search.
So back to the Dashboard, and let's add in Search, click Save, and you can click Close, or you could click a little widget. Let's continue with our modifications before we go back and double-check this in Dreamweaver. So the next widget on our comp is called hotlinks, which as I've mentioned before is a collection of pages. WordPress has a terrific feature that allows you to quickly set up a custom menu and output that menu as a list of links. So let's create a custom menu first and then we'll add it for sidebar.
So I have the widget here Custom menu, and I am going to go ahead drag it right in and place it in between Search and Archives. You will notice that when I do that it says it hasn't found any menus, and it gives us a link for creating some. That's great. Let's go ahead and click Create Some. That will take us over to the menu section, which if you need to find it again is located under Appearance. So now I can go ahead and follow the prompts here and go ahead click Create menu. So let's add in a name.
I am going to call this sidebar and choose Create menu, and let's scroll down a little bit here. Now over on the left-hand side we have the ability to add in menu items, and we can either work from custom links that you see in the first widget up here, Pages or Categories. I am going to choose to work with our existing page first just to create our first menu item. So I'll select that and then choose Add to menu.
Now let me scroll back up and here you can see the page listed under the menu. So I click Save menu, and now we are ready to go back to Widgets under Appearances. And if I expand my custom menu I can see that I have an option for a title. That's good. We want to put that title in of hotlinks, and I have my sidebar as an option here. If there were multiple menus available to me, they would appear in the list, but there's only this one. So now let's click Save.
So that's saved, and as I said we can use the little gadget to close it up. Let's head on over to Dreamweaver again. I will go to my index.php page and click Refresh, and now we have a title for search. It needs to be styled and here's our Hot Links title with the menu item Conference Schedule At-A-Glance. So everything looks as expected. We can add more pages our hot links custom navigation as we build up the side. Now we are ready to start the styling. Let's take care of the headings first.
Again, let's head over to the blog_comp. So I have a big old Search and Hot Links. They are tremendously styled here. Let's find out how they are styled by using our inspect mode, and I will just go to this one area, and as I see, I don't have to go any further just hover over my search title, and I can see the rule for sectioninfo.h2. It's got a background image and white text and special font family et cetera, So let's go ahead and click once to turn off Inspect mode. Then I will right-click on the rule, Go to Code, and let's grab this particular, all these particular rules here.
I am going to copy just the properties, because I know that it goes into a slightly different selector over my index.php page. So let's use our Inspect mode to find out what that is. I will just go to the Hot Links one here. There's no rule set up for this, but if I look down at the tag selector at the bottom of the page, I can see this is not h2 tag, but an h3 tag, and that's very common in setting up WordPress widgets. They tend to use h3 tags for titles. That is located within a div of a Widget area.
So I am going to create a selector that targets the h3 tags in Widget areas and paste in those properties. Let's narrow down the files that we have here so we are just working with Custom Filter. Again, we are going to choose style.css. Now we don't need to put in sidebar.php, because there's nothing structural we have to do to work with that. So let's just go ahead and click OK. There is our two stylesheets, and we want to work with the one that's in the new Roux theme folder.
So I'll select that. And let's go down to the bottom. There's my Widget area, perfect. We are ready to put in our widget-area h3 selector, our curly braces, and let's paste our properties right there. Now again we have to adjust the path here to get rid of the going up a level. Now we will refresh the page and go to Design view, and now things are looking pretty good for our titles.
Let's skip over search for the moment and take care of the bulk of the widgets, which output unordered list. Again, we will get the rules from the blog_comp and bring them over to Roux theme style.css file. So from the blog_comp I want to take a look at using Inspect mode. Let's start with the list items and crawl up the DOM using the left arrow key. So I will click once to go up to the ul li tag, and it looks like I've got a blogPage aside ul li rule that looks pertinent. Let's go up again.
There is the same type selector targeting the ul tag. So that's definitely what we want. So I am going to go ahead and click once to turn off Inspect mode and right-click on that rule to go to code. Now let's see what we got here. I am going to go ahead and expand Code view so we can just concentrate on that and then I will press my Arrow keys so I can get back to where I was. So it looks like we've got blogPage aside ul, and that's the start of it. So let's go ahead and grab these rules.
I am going to grab the a tags as well as the links and visited and then there is a hover state. So all of that seems pertinent. I am going to go ahead and copy all those rules bring that over to our stylesheet. Again, let's just go to Code view to expand everything, and now I am going to go ahead and paste all of them in and scroll back up a little bit. Now instead of blog page I want primary selector to be widget area. So I am going to copy that.
And just there is a few rules I could use a Find and Replace, but let's just do this pretty quickly. I have copied it, and I am just using my Command+V to paste in these five or six rules to correct them. Now once that's done I'll save the page. Let's head back to Design view and click Refresh and see what's happening. All right, things are looking much neater. Again now if I rollover it, I see that I have my rules working out.
Now something looks a little bit off. Let's go back and see there is the culprit. Here is a path that I didn't catch before. So let's get rid of that upgrade path there. Let's see if there is anything else. Nope, I think that's good. Again, I'll save, go to Design view and things are looking. Here is my background pattern coming up on hover. Great. So my final three widgets are in great shape, including the hover states, and now you're ready to customize the Search widget.
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