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Creating optional regions

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Creating optional regions

Our template is almost ready to use, but we need to account for the fact that not every page is going to need the tours, resource, and explores sub-navigation. And the breadcrumbs are also not going to be needed for top-level pages. As such, we need to place those elements inside what we call optional regions. Optional regions are just that. When you create a brand-new page based on the template, you get to decide whether that content will be added to the page or not. They are a great way to create amazingly flexible templates.

Creating optional regions

Our template is almost ready to use, but we need to account for the fact that not every page is going to need the tours, resource, and explores sub-navigation. And the breadcrumbs are also not going to be needed for top-level pages. As such, we need to place those elements inside what we call optional regions. Optional regions are just that. When you create a brand-new page based on the template, you get to decide whether that content will be added to the page or not. They are a great way to create amazingly flexible templates.

So we have our main_template open. And I have opened this from the 13_04 templates folder. So the first thing we are going to do is create our optional regions out of our navigation. I am going to scroll down into my sidebar and navigation area over here. And I am just going to tackle these guys one at a time. Now it's really helpful if you have some existing structure that you can use to select the region that is going to be used as the optional region. And in this case it's going to be really, really easy for us. I can click anywhere inside the sub-navigation.

And I want to use my tag inspector to sort of go up through the tags starting on the right-hand side until I find this. I'm looking for an unordered list ul tag with the class subNav applied to it. When I click that, notice that I am selecting all of those sub-navigation links. So any of our sub-navigation,s the tours, explores and resources sub-navigations, are all inside an unordered list with the class subNav. So it makes it easier to identify, find, select and now encase that within an optional region.

So with that selected, again the easiest way to do that is to use the Tag Selector. I want to go up to Insert > Template Objects > Optional Region. So the first it's going to ask me is what I want to name this optional region. And this one, I am just going to call it toursSubNav, again all one word, fairly descriptive. And notice that we have the option of either showing that area by default or not. What that means is when we create a new page office template should that be on the page, or do we need to explicitly tell Dreamweaver that we want that on the page? I am actually going to turn Show by default off.

I don't want that to show. Only when we are building pages in the tours section will we need this menu. So I am going to turn it off by default. And then when we get into building pages on the tours section, I can enable it anytime I want. Now there is an Advanced tab here where you get to put in template expressions. Now these expressions might allow you to basically show them if other conditions on the page are shown as well. You can kind of daisy chain some of these optional regions together to create a incredibly complex pages. For what we are doing in our template however the Basic tab is all we need.

I am going to go ahead and click OK. Now notice that this is inside of sort of a light blue region and it says "if." So this is what we call a conditional region, meaning it's only going to be visible if the conditions for its visibility are met. I am going to scroll down and I am going to find the resources subNav, which is right here, Tour FAQs, Terms and conditions. And once again I am going to use the Tag Selector to find that you ul with the class of subNav and I'll click to select it. So remember each of those are in exactly the same type of element making them very easy to select and to convert.

Next, I am going to go up to Insert > Template Objects > Optional Region. And I am going to call this one resourceSubNav. And just as we did with our tours I am going to make that invisible by default. And when we want to see it well have to explicitly state that we need it. I'll click OK and repeat the same procedure with the Explore sub-navigation. So click inside of it, click the unnumbered list then go up to Insert > Template Objects > Optional Region.

And this one is going to be explorerSubNav. Again deselect the Show by default. Click OK. Well we are almost done. The last optional region we have on our page is a breadcrumb. And if I click inside that breadcrumb, the structure of it is pretty easy for me to see. It's within a paragraph, which is also within the mainContent. Well, remember mainContent has two editable regions already in it. So the paragraph is really the only thing we need to show or hide based on whether we have breadcrumbs or not. So I am a going to select the paragraph tag by clicking on the p tag right here.

So use your Tag Selector to make sure you get the tag and the contents of the tag. And again I am going to go up to Insert > the Template Objects > Optional Region. Now I am just going to call this one breadcrumb. And I am going to turn Show by default off. Now when I click OK, it seems like our work here is done, but it's really not. Breadcrumb needs to be editable. Currently, it is not within an editable region. Our regionID is where our mainContent is, but breadcrumb is not. So don't assume that optional regions are editable because they're not.

Optional regions are going to show or hide regions on the page, but they're not going to give you the capability of editing the interior contents. So if you need that to be editable, then you need to go ahead and encase that within an editable region and we are going to do that now. Now I could highlight the text breadcrumb and make an editable region out of that. But there's no guarantee that I am going to get all of it or even an individual link. So I am going to do exactly what I did when I created the optional region. I am going to use the Tag Selector to select the paragraph tag. And then go up to Insert > Template Objects > Editable Region.

I am just going to call this editable region crumLinks and click OK. Now you can do that in any order that you like. You cold place the editable region there first and then place the optional region around it or you could do it in the way we did it, this time, the optional region with the editable region around it as well. It is never a bad idea to check Code View and make sure that it is doing what you want it to do. Notice for example that we have our conditional statement here and now it surrounds the editable region as well, and that's perfect. We want our editable region to be inside the optional region, and that is exactly what is going on here.

Now we have our editable regions, optional regions and editable attributes. So even though we have a fairly simple page layout, we have a fairly robust and complex template. Our template is lean, it's flexible and it's going to allow us to create almost every page in our site. Well, that means we are ready to create some new pages with our template and we're going to tackle that next.

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This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 89061 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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