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Creating lists

From: Dreamweaver CS6 Essential Training

Video: Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing, well that certainly is true but list can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that all of those links are related. So if you've ever looked at the code of a page and you wondered why in the world would somebody take their menu and place it inside of a list. That's why? They're basically telling user agents that hey, these links belong together and they're related to each other.

Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing, well that certainly is true but list can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that all of those links are related. So if you've ever looked at the code of a page and you wondered why in the world would somebody take their menu and place it inside of a list. That's why? They're basically telling user agents that hey, these links belong together and they're related to each other.

So HTML offers us three main types of lists: Ordered, Unordered, and Definition Lists. Ordered and Unordered Lists are the two most common types, so we're going to take a look at those first. So I have the programs.htm file open here from the 04_04 directory and it's kind of right where we left it in the last movie. If I scroll down for example I can see that the only thing that it lacks sort of a really defined structure are these choices right down here. We have a list of academic links that are going to sit up there in one of the sidebars a little bit later on.

So I want these items to be related to each other in some way, right now they're not. They're all just separate paragraphs so there's nothing to tell any type of user agent that these items belong together. Well a list is a perfect structure for that. So what I'm going to do is I'm just going to go ahead and highlight all of these elements, each one of them, and then making sure that I'm in my Properties Inspector looking at the HTML properties, I can see that right here, just like Word or any other Word Processing program, I have the option of creating an Unordered or an Ordered List. I'm going to go ahead and create an Ordered List, and as soon as I do that, I notice that I get numbers 1 through 13, and there are all my choices.

So again, this is sort of a way of grouping them together and whether you use an Ordered or Unordered List is largely up to you. Numbered lists are good for when you need to denote a specific order or a hierarchy of elements, whereas, Unordered Lists are really good for just grouping related items together. Now there's really not much difference between the two to be quite honest with you, and I'm going to switch over to Split Screen view to show you what I mean by that. You'll notice that if we go over to Split Screen view and we focus on the code of our list, you can see right here we have an opening ol tag for Ordered List and we have a closing ol tag, and then each of the elements inside of it is inside an li or that's what's known as a List Item.

So we have all these list items inside this Ordered List. So how difficult is it to go from an Ordered List to an Unordered List? Well, obviously we could just simply click a button down here in the Properties Inspector, but if you're working with a code it's actually pretty darn easy too. You'll notice for example if I change this ol to a ul, in both the opening and the closing tags, and I click back over in Design view, we go from an Ordered List to an Ordered List so that's how similar they are. They're amazingly similar. Each of these lists will have options that are specific to the list.

For example, if I click back on the list itself and take this back to being an Ordered List, which is an ol, if I click on the list itself, you can see that if I click inside one of the list items I have this little option for list items here, and I can change the entire list itself, so I can change it to say a Bulleted List or a Numbered List. I could change the Style, so if I don't want a Number, if I want alphabet small or Roman numerals that sort of thing, and I can also change where this starts at, so you have a lot of options that you can change here.

Now as soon as you do that what you're going to notice is what you really doing is setting attributes within the list itself, and some our list types are going to have more attributes than others. For example, for Unordered Lists, let me go back to our ul, the only attributes that I have really got here are a type, which allows me to choose circle disk or square, so if instead of bullets, if I just want the squares, I can come in and do an unordered list and do squares like that. Now of course, this is really only going to work for you if you want the list structure itself to be visible.

A lot of times through CSS, you're going to strip out all the default list formatting. You're going to do away with the margins and padding, you're going to do away with the bullets, you might substitute your own custom icons through CSS or you might do away with the numbers, just so, you can sort of group this content together and then style it however you want. So keep in mind that for the most part what you're looking at when you're working with list is you're looking at grouping related content together. Okay, so that covers Ordered List and Unordered List. In our next movie we're going to take a look at a third type of list that you can create within Dreamweaver and that would be a Definition List.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS6 Essential Training

90 video lessons · 55107 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 4s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      1m 4s
  2. 5m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      2m 17s
    3. Learning web design
      2m 23s
  3. 1h 0m
    1. Looking at the Welcome screen
      5m 9s
    2. Exploring Windows and Mac interface differences
      5m 6s
    3. Arranging panels
      8m 44s
    4. Managing workspaces
      10m 14s
    5. Exploring the Application toolbar
      6m 21s
    6. Exploring the Document toolbar
      8m 47s
    7. Working with the Property inspector
      9m 30s
    8. Using the Insert panel
      6m 30s
  4. 53m 3s
    1. Understanding basic site structure
      3m 46s
    2. Exploring file naming conventions
      2m 10s
    3. Defining a new site
      5m 23s
    4. Managing files and folders
      7m 57s
    5. Adding remote servers
      7m 4s
    6. Uploading files
      12m 46s
    7. Previewing in browsers
      9m 11s
    8. Managing multiple sites
      4m 46s
  5. 36m 41s
    1. Creating new documents
      6m 49s
    2. Setting up new document preferences
      5m 30s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      6m 49s
    4. Working with starter pages
      4m 32s
    5. Managing starter pages
      13m 1s
  6. 37m 23s
    1. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      8m 43s
    2. Importing Word documents
      4m 6s
    3. Adding structure to text
      7m 35s
    4. Creating lists
      4m 35s
    5. Creating definition lists
      4m 0s
    6. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      8m 24s
  7. 44m 41s
    1. Exploring the Code toolbar
      5m 41s
    2. Setting code preferences
      7m 19s
    3. Using code hints
      8m 8s
    4. Wrapping tags
      5m 7s
    5. Adding comments
      6m 29s
    6. Using snippets
      7m 32s
    7. Formatting source code
      4m 25s
  8. 1h 19m
    1. Setting CSS preferences
      9m 32s
    2. An overview of the CSS Styles panel
      9m 23s
    3. Creating a new CSS rule
      6m 42s
    4. Using the CSS Rule Definition dialog
      7m 25s
    5. Organizing styles
      7m 22s
    6. Modifying style properties
      6m 17s
    7. Controlling CSS through the Property inspector
      6m 37s
    8. Attaching external style sheets
      5m 54s
    9. Using CSS visual aids
      7m 3s
    10. Using CSS Inspect
      6m 48s
    11. Using the Code Navigator
      6m 39s
  9. 1h 11m
    1. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      7m 30s
    2. Setting external image editing preferences
      4m 26s
    3. Placing images on the page
      10m 12s
    4. Exploring Photoshop integration
      7m 17s
    5. Modifying Smart Objects
      9m 42s
    6. Modifying image properties
      8m 4s
    7. Styling images with CSS
      6m 45s
    8. Using background graphics
      7m 28s
    9. Positioning background graphics
      10m 10s
  10. 36m 23s
    1. Link basics
      3m 17s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 19s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      9m 17s
    4. Using absolute links
      3m 43s
    5. Using named anchors
      6m 41s
    6. Creating an email link
      5m 25s
    7. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      5m 41s
  11. 44m 30s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      5m 20s
    2. Importing tabular data
      6m 46s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      6m 11s
    4. Exploring basic table styling
      9m 42s
    5. Styling alternate rows
      8m 57s
    6. Creating custom table borders
      7m 34s
  12. 59m 15s
    1. Understanding how forms work
      2m 45s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 44s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      5m 16s
    4. Setting form properties
      2m 39s
    5. Using the fieldset and legend tags
      2m 52s
    6. Inserting text fields
      6m 56s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      7m 54s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      4m 14s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      3m 52s
    10. Inserting submit buttons
      2m 25s
    11. Exploring basic form styling
      8m 2s
    12. Exploring form element styling
      8m 36s
  13. 33m 25s
    1. Adding CSS3 transitions
      8m 29s
    2. Spry overview
      2m 44s
    3. Using Spry widgets
      3m 57s
    4. Adding Spry effects
      8m 1s
    5. Using the Widget Browser
      7m 4s
    6. Extending Dreamweaver
      3m 10s
  14. 1m 2s
    1. Additional resources
      1m 2s

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