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Creating lists

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing. Now that's certainly true, but lists can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank, or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that those links are all related. HTML offers us three main types of lists: Ordered, Unordered and Definition lists.

Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing. Now that's certainly true, but lists can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank, or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that those links are all related. HTML offers us three main types of lists: Ordered, Unordered and Definition lists.

Ordered lists use some type of a numbering system - numbers, letters, Roman numerals - to display the listed items. Unordered lists use bullets or icons to denote a listed item, and Definition lists display a term followed by a definition. While Ordered lists and Unordered lists follow the same basic structure, Definition lists uses a slightly different structure. Well, here I have a list_example opened, and I want to show you the basic structure of Unordered and Ordered lists, and those are two most common list types that you're probably going to be using in HTML.

So I'm going to scroll down through my code, and you can see, in the Design view, that this is just a simple bulleted or Unordered list. But in Code View, let's take a look at the structure. Every list is surrounded by an opening and a closing list tag. In this case, the tag denotes an Unordered list. Then the list items themselves are surrounded by an opening and closing or list item tag. That's really as complex as it gets. It's a very, very basic structure, very clean. Now, if I wanted to change this listing from an Unordered list to an Ordered list, all I would really need to do is change the opening tag to an

    tag and the closing tag to a closing

Now if I click back over here in Design View, you can see I now have an Ordered list. So very, very close in structure between Ordered and Unordered lists. Well, now that we have examined the structure of that, let's go ahead and create a few lists of our own in our Resource page. I'm going to close this file, and then from the 05_03 folder, I'm going to open up our resources.htm. Now we've added a good bit of structure to this page already. But if I scroll down to the bottom of it, I can see that we have single paragraphs down here that need to be structured maybe a little bit better.

These are all related items, and they fit very nicely within a list. So what I'm going to do is start with the first item. Have you arranged for your mail/paper delivery? I'm just going to highlight all the way down to our last item. We recommend packing a small first-aid kit. So with that highlighted, I'm going to go down to my Properties Inspector. Again, I'm going to be making sure that I'm on the HTML tab, not the CSS tab. And I'm going to choose to go ahead and make this, initially, an Ordered list. So very similar to any type of a Word Processing program that you've been using, but notice, again, on the left- hand side in the Code View, we're actually structuring our list.

In Design view, we can see we have items 1 through 21 listed in a numbered list. Now, are there things that we can change via the HTML, to change how our list displays? Absolutely. If you click inside any of the list items - I'm just going to click inside the first one here in the Design view - you'll notice that our Properties Inspector has a button on it that it didn't have before, List Item. If I click on that, that's going to bring up a dialog box that allows me to change some of the properties of my list. For example, I could change the type of lists that I have.

In this case, I'm going to change the style. I'm going to grab the Style pulldown menu, and I notice that I can choose between numbers, Roman Numeral Small and Large, and Alphabets Small and Large. I'm going to choose Alphabet Small. Click OK. Now that I can see instead of starting with the number 1, it starts with an "a". Also, notice, in Code View, that now our opening tag has an attribute. An attribute is a property inside of a tag that gives more information about that particular element. In this case, it's saying there is an Ordered list, and its type should be small alphabet.

Now, you can also make changes directly in the code as well. So what I'd like you to do is switch over to the Code View. I'm going to remove that attribute and change the ol to a ul. So scroll all the way down, find the opening tag, and then find the closing tag. The closing tag has that little forward slash right at the front of it. And again, I'm going to just change the o to u. Now when I click back over in Design view, now we have bullets instead of numbers. And bullets are going to be better for this type of list, because we're really denoting any sequential information; we're just organizing grouped information.

Now occasionally, you're going to need nested lists, that is a list appearing inside of a list. For example, if I look inside of our existing list, I have this entry here: Is your trip an outdoor adventure? If so, we recommend the following. So we have another group of information that pertains to just that item. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to start with Comfortable hiking shoes, and I'm going to go all the way down to Sunscreen, because that is part of the group, so Comfortable hiking shoes to Sunscreen. Now how do we nest one list inside of another? It's actually very, very simple.

We're going to go right down to the Properties Inspector, and I'm just going to click this little icon here that says Indent. As soon as I do that, it goes ahead and indents that lists in, and now it is a nested list. Now how does that look in the code? Well, this is pretty interesting. Notice that the lists item that this pertains to - Is your trip an outdoor adventure - here is the opening

  • tag, but before that lists item can close, there's an entirely new Unordered list inside of it. After that Unordered list closes, the listsitem can finally close.

    Now, that's a very important structural point I want to make here. If you open up one tag inside of another tag, the nested tag must close first before its parent tag can close. If it were the other way around, and that ul came after the

  • tag, that will be non-valid HTML, and in fact, you'd be basically interrupting one list and putting another one in its place, so we don't want to do that. The nice thing is Dreamweaver does all that for you. Okay, I'm going to go ahead and Save this file. And I want to talk very briefly about Definition lists.

    Now Definition lists aren't as widely used as Unordered or Ordered lists, but they are very handy in several situations. I'm going to go over to my Files panel and open up the faq.htm file found in the 05_03. So this is our site's frequently asked questions. And if I scroll down, I see that each of our frequently asked questions has a question followed by an answer. That structure is repeated over and over and over again. It'd be really nice if, structurally, we could tell any type of user agent that these items were related.

    A Definition list allows us to do just that. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to start with our first question in the Backpack Cal area. What does "tour difficultly" in the tour description mean? I'm going to start with that, and I'm going to begin to highlight all the way down to the last answer inside Backpack California, Yes, we can. Take a look at our tour guide gear recommendations. Now that can be a little tricky, so you want to double-check your highlighting and make sure that you have questions and answers highlighted entirely, and that you didn't get any of the lines above, or lines below.

    Definition lists can be a little tricky, and you want to make sure that you have all the elements selected that you need for that Definition list. Okay, so now we're ready to format this. Now, if we go down to our Properties inspector, there is nothing down here for Definition lists. There is Bulleted lists. There is an Ordered lists, but nothing for a Definition list. Well, you won't find them on the Properties Inspector. You will find them, however, up in the menu. So I'm going to go up to my menu, I'm going to go to Format > List and right there is Definition list. Now if this is something you're going to be doing a lot, you might want to map a keyboard shortcut to that so that you don't have to keep coming up to the menu.

    But if you're just doing it once or twice, it's probably not that big of deal to come up to the menu and select that. So as soon as I select Definition list, we see a little bit of a change here. Our answers are now indented in a little bit and give us a little bit of separation between our questions. Now, this isn't the best rendering in the world, but remember, that's what our CSS is for. We're going to style this later on with our CSS to make this look the way we want it to. I'm going to take just a moment to go over to the code, because I want to examine the structure of this lists and compare it with what we were doing with our Unordered or Ordered lists.

    Notice at the very top of any Definition lists is the

    tag. From there, it alternates between a
    tag for the term, and a
    tag for the definition. So each time out we have a
    for the term, and we have an opening and closing
    which encases the definition. And that just repeats until the Definition list closes out. So it's really important that you have an equal number of items, terms and definitions, and that you don't partially select a line above or partially select a line below.

    That can really mess up your structure. Well, to go ahead and practice this, we've got facts for each of these tour packages: California Calm, California Hotsprings, Cycle California, all the way down the page. Take some time, go ahead and pause the movie, take some time and add that additional structure to each one of those elements. As you do that, you'll get a little bit more comfortable with creating a Definition list. Now, creating and editing lists inside Dreamweaver is extremely simple. It's similar to using several popular text editing programs, so a lot of what you're doing here you're going to be quite familiar with.

    What's really important to remember is that any changes made to the list, and all of the text in Dreamweaver for that matter, is in reality generating and modifying code, the underlying structure for all of your content. As such, you want to make sure that you understand how this code should be structured in case you ever need to go in and modify yourself. I recommend monitoring the code as you create it, just as we're doing here, so that you're ensuring that you're formatting your code correctly

    Show transcript

    This video is part of

    Image for Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
    Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

    135 video lessons · 89495 viewers

    James Williamson

    Expand all | Collapse all
    1. 2m 57s
      1. Welcome
        1m 8s
      2. Using the exercise files
        1m 49s
    2. 7m 50s
      1. What is Dreamweaver?
        3m 16s
      2. Learning web design
        2m 22s
      3. Current web standards
        2m 12s
    3. 43m 9s
      1. The Welcome screen
        4m 5s
      2. Windows and Mac interface differences
        2m 23s
      3. The Application toolbar
        4m 7s
      4. The Document toolbar
        4m 40s
      5. Arranging panels
        8m 19s
      6. Managing workspaces
        7m 32s
      7. The Properties Inspector
        5m 54s
      8. The Insert panel
        6m 9s
    4. 25m 45s
      1. Basic site structure
        3m 11s
      2. File naming conventions
        1m 49s
      3. Defining a new site
        4m 35s
      4. Managing sites
        4m 51s
      5. Managing files and folders
        6m 36s
      6. Working with browsers
        4m 43s
    5. 27m 21s
      1. Creating new documents
        5m 16s
      2. New document preferences
        3m 6s
      3. Setting accessibility preferences
        4m 56s
      4. Working with starter pages
        3m 46s
      5. Managing starter pages
        10m 17s
    6. 30m 2s
      1. Basic tag structure
        2m 15s
      2. Adding structure to text
        8m 20s
      3. Creating lists
        9m 59s
      4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
        5m 59s
      5. Importing Word documents
        3m 29s
    7. 1h 17m
      1. Understanding style sheets
        2m 16s
      2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
        1m 48s
      3. Setting CSS preferences
        6m 36s
      4. The CSS Styles panel
        10m 2s
      5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
        5m 14s
      6. Using the Code Navigator
        7m 21s
      7. Using CSS Enable
        6m 45s
      8. Understanding element selectors
        8m 11s
      9. Understanding class selectors
        8m 49s
      10. Understanding ID selectors
        5m 59s
      11. Understanding descendant selectors
        6m 51s
      12. Attaching external style sheets
        7m 44s
    8. 1h 47m
      1. Working with units of measurement
        7m 11s
      2. Declaring font families
        9m 39s
      3. Controlling font sizing
        9m 9s
      4. Controlling weight and style
        8m 0s
      5. Controlling line height
        8m 29s
      6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
        12m 3s
      7. Controlling spacing with padding
        5m 39s
      8. Aligning text
        8m 26s
      9. Transforming text
        5m 36s
      10. Writing global styles
        15m 42s
      11. Writing targeted styles
        17m 37s
    9. 1h 32m
      1. Understanding image types
        5m 3s
      2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
        12m 51s
      3. Setting image accessibility preferences
        4m 20s
      4. Setting external image editing preferences
        3m 52s
      5. Placing images on the page
        7m 37s
      6. Photoshop integration
        5m 54s
      7. Modifying Smart Objects
        5m 51s
      8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
        8m 8s
      9. Modifying image properties
        11m 14s
      10. Styling images with CSS
        7m 11s
      11. Using background graphics
        9m 3s
      12. Positioning background graphics
        11m 6s
    10. 55m 16s
      1. Link basics
        3m 37s
      2. Setting site linking preferences
        2m 14s
      3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
        11m 1s
      4. Absolute links
        5m 8s
      5. Using named anchors
        11m 19s
      6. Linking to named anchors in external files
        2m 44s
      7. Creating an email link
        5m 24s
      8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
        13m 49s
    11. 1h 34m
      1. CSS structuring basics
        2m 56s
      2. The Box Model
        13m 21s
      3. Understanding floats
        6m 53s
      4. Clearing and containing floats
        8m 56s
      5. Using relative positioning
        4m 8s
      6. Using absolute positioning
        7m 18s
      7. Creating structure with div tags
        12m 7s
      8. Styling basic structure
        10m 34s
      9. Creating a two-column layout
        10m 37s
      10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
        7m 51s
      11. Using Browser Lab
        9m 39s
    12. 56m 22s
      1. Reviewing table structure
        7m 41s
      2. Importing tabular data
        5m 13s
      3. Creating accessible tables
        9m 56s
      4. Using thead and tbody tags
        4m 0s
      5. Basic table styling
        8m 45s
      6. Styling table headers
        7m 52s
      7. Styling column groups
        4m 22s
      8. Creating custom table borders
        5m 1s
      9. Styling table captions
        3m 32s
    13. 1h 43m
      1. How forms work
        3m 0s
      2. Reviewing form design
        3m 2s
      3. Creating accessible forms
        7m 33s
      4. Setting form properties
        4m 6s
      5. The fieldset and legend tags
        4m 32s
      6. Inserting text fields
        5m 58s
      7. Inserting list menu items
        5m 26s
      8. Inserting checkboxes
        7m 50s
      9. Inserting radio button groups
        6m 22s
      10. Inserting text areas
        4m 12s
      11. Inserting submit buttons
        3m 37s
      12. Basic form styling
        12m 0s
      13. Form element styling
        8m 52s
      14. Styling form layout
        11m 49s
      15. Adding form interactivity
        2m 47s
      16. Using Spry validation widgets
        12m 49s
    14. 1h 23m
      1. Planning for templates
        10m 51s
      2. Creating a new template
        10m 37s
      3. Using editable attributes
        13m 43s
      4. Creating optional regions
        6m 23s
      5. Creating new pages from a template
        9m 17s
      6. Applying templates to existing pages
        6m 9s
      7. Working with nested templates
        7m 56s
      8. Working with repeating regions
        12m 58s
      9. Modifying templates
        5m 41s
    15. 40m 14s
      1. Behaviors overview
        3m 47s
      2. Hiding and showing elements
        9m 18s
      3. Spry overview
        4m 4s
      4. Using Spry widgets
        11m 36s
      5. Adding Spry effects
        3m 6s
      6. Using the Widget Browser
        8m 23s
    16. 28m 18s
      1. Inserting Flash files
        5m 4s
      2. Setting properties for Flash
        6m 27s
      3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
        6m 6s
      4. Encoding Flash video
        6m 10s
      5. Adding Flash video
        4m 31s
    17. 45m 28s
      1. Running site-wide reports
        6m 33s
      2. Checking for broken links
        5m 41s
      3. Checking for browser compatibility
        8m 3s
      4. Adding remote servers
        8m 0s
      5. Uploading files
        7m 20s
      6. Managing remote sites
        9m 51s
    18. 34s
      1. Goodbye

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