Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Creating lists


Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

with James Williamson

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Video: Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing. Now that's certainly true, but lists can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank, or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that those links are all related. HTML offers us three main types of lists: Ordered, Unordered and Definition lists.
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
15h 22m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

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In Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training, Adobe Certified Instructor James Williamson explores the tools and techniques of Dreamweaver CS5, Adobe's web design and development software. This course covers both the ins and outs of Dreamweaver, as well as recommended best practices for crafting new web sites and files, the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, and how to ensure clean and accessible code. The course also includes how to use tools in Dreamweaver to create and style web pages, manage multiple sites, and add user interactivity with widgets and scripting. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Defining and structuring a new site
  • Creating new web documents from scratch or from templates
  • Adding and formatting text
  • Understanding style sheet basics
  • Placing and styling images
  • Creating links to internal pages and external web sites
  • Controlling page layout with CSS
  • Building and styling forms
  • Reusing web content with templates
  • Adding interactivity
  • Working with Flash and video
James Williamson

Creating lists

Most people think of lists as simply a way of displaying related items in a numbered or unordered listing. Now that's certainly true, but lists can do so much more than that. Lists allow us to group related content together and then structure that content in a way that denotes importance, rank, or similarity. When used for navigation, lists offer a way to group links together so that user agents know that those links are all related. HTML offers us three main types of lists: Ordered, Unordered and Definition lists.

Ordered lists use some type of a numbering system - numbers, letters, Roman numerals - to display the listed items. Unordered lists use bullets or icons to denote a listed item, and Definition lists display a term followed by a definition. While Ordered lists and Unordered lists follow the same basic structure, Definition lists uses a slightly different structure. Well, here I have a list_example opened, and I want to show you the basic structure of Unordered and Ordered lists, and those are two most common list types that you're probably going to be using in HTML.

So I'm going to scroll down through my code, and you can see, in the Design view, that this is just a simple bulleted or Unordered list. But in Code View, let's take a look at the structure. Every list is surrounded by an opening and a closing list tag. In this case, the tag denotes an Unordered list. Then the list items themselves are surrounded by an opening and closing or list item tag. That's really as complex as it gets. It's a very, very basic structure, very clean. Now, if I wanted to change this listing from an Unordered list to an Ordered list, all I would really need to do is change the opening tag to an

    tag and the closing tag to a closing

Now if I click back over here in Design View, you can see I now have an Ordered list. So very, very close in structure between Ordered and Unordered lists. Well, now that we have examined the structure of that, let's go ahead and create a few lists of our own in our Resource page. I'm going to close this file, and then from the 05_03 folder, I'm going to open up our resources.htm. Now we've added a good bit of structure to this page already. But if I scroll down to the bottom of it, I can see that we have single paragraphs down here that need to be structured maybe a little bit better.

These are all related items, and they fit very nicely within a list. So what I'm going to do is start with the first item. Have you arranged for your mail/paper delivery? I'm just going to highlight all the way down to our last item. We recommend packing a small first-aid kit. So with that highlighted, I'm going to go down to my Properties Inspector. Again, I'm going to be making sure that I'm on the HTML tab, not the CSS tab. And I'm going to choose to go ahead and make this, initially, an Ordered list. So very similar to any type of a Word Processing program that you've been using, but notice, again, on the left- hand side in the Code View, we're actually structuring our list.

In Design view, we can see we have items 1 through 21 listed in a numbered list. Now, are there things that we can change via the HTML, to change how our list displays? Absolutely. If you click inside any of the list items - I'm just going to click inside the first one here in the Design view - you'll notice that our Properties Inspector has a button on it that it didn't have before, List Item. If I click on that, that's going to bring up a dialog box that allows me to change some of the properties of my list. For example, I could change the type of lists that I have.

In this case, I'm going to change the style. I'm going to grab the Style pulldown menu, and I notice that I can choose between numbers, Roman Numeral Small and Large, and Alphabets Small and Large. I'm going to choose Alphabet Small. Click OK. Now that I can see instead of starting with the number 1, it starts with an "a". Also, notice, in Code View, that now our opening tag has an attribute. An attribute is a property inside of a tag that gives more information about that particular element. In this case, it's saying there is an Ordered list, and its type should be small alphabet.

Now, you can also make changes directly in the code as well. So what I'd like you to do is switch over to the Code View. I'm going to remove that attribute and change the ol to a ul. So scroll all the way down, find the opening tag, and then find the closing tag. The closing tag has that little forward slash right at the front of it. And again, I'm going to just change the o to u. Now when I click back over in Design view, now we have bullets instead of numbers. And bullets are going to be better for this type of list, because we're really denoting any sequential information; we're just organizing grouped information.

Now occasionally, you're going to need nested lists, that is a list appearing inside of a list. For example, if I look inside of our existing list, I have this entry here: Is your trip an outdoor adventure? If so, we recommend the following. So we have another group of information that pertains to just that item. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to start with Comfortable hiking shoes, and I'm going to go all the way down to Sunscreen, because that is part of the group, so Comfortable hiking shoes to Sunscreen. Now how do we nest one list inside of another? It's actually very, very simple.

We're going to go right down to the Properties Inspector, and I'm just going to click this little icon here that says Indent. As soon as I do that, it goes ahead and indents that lists in, and now it is a nested list. Now how does that look in the code? Well, this is pretty interesting. Notice that the lists item that this pertains to - Is your trip an outdoor adventure - here is the opening

  • tag, but before that lists item can close, there's an entirely new Unordered list inside of it. After that Unordered list closes, the listsitem can finally close.

    Now, that's a very important structural point I want to make here. If you open up one tag inside of another tag, the nested tag must close first before its parent tag can close. If it were the other way around, and that ul came after the

  • tag, that will be non-valid HTML, and in fact, you'd be basically interrupting one list and putting another one in its place, so we don't want to do that. The nice thing is Dreamweaver does all that for you. Okay, I'm going to go ahead and Save this file. And I want to talk very briefly about Definition lists.

    Now Definition lists aren't as widely used as Unordered or Ordered lists, but they are very handy in several situations. I'm going to go over to my Files panel and open up the faq.htm file found in the 05_03. So this is our site's frequently asked questions. And if I scroll down, I see that each of our frequently asked questions has a question followed by an answer. That structure is repeated over and over and over again. It'd be really nice if, structurally, we could tell any type of user agent that these items were related.

    A Definition list allows us to do just that. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to start with our first question in the Backpack Cal area. What does "tour difficultly" in the tour description mean? I'm going to start with that, and I'm going to begin to highlight all the way down to the last answer inside Backpack California, Yes, we can. Take a look at our tour guide gear recommendations. Now that can be a little tricky, so you want to double-check your highlighting and make sure that you have questions and answers highlighted entirely, and that you didn't get any of the lines above, or lines below.

    Definition lists can be a little tricky, and you want to make sure that you have all the elements selected that you need for that Definition list. Okay, so now we're ready to format this. Now, if we go down to our Properties inspector, there is nothing down here for Definition lists. There is Bulleted lists. There is an Ordered lists, but nothing for a Definition list. Well, you won't find them on the Properties Inspector. You will find them, however, up in the menu. So I'm going to go up to my menu, I'm going to go to Format > List and right there is Definition list. Now if this is something you're going to be doing a lot, you might want to map a keyboard shortcut to that so that you don't have to keep coming up to the menu.

    But if you're just doing it once or twice, it's probably not that big of deal to come up to the menu and select that. So as soon as I select Definition list, we see a little bit of a change here. Our answers are now indented in a little bit and give us a little bit of separation between our questions. Now, this isn't the best rendering in the world, but remember, that's what our CSS is for. We're going to style this later on with our CSS to make this look the way we want it to. I'm going to take just a moment to go over to the code, because I want to examine the structure of this lists and compare it with what we were doing with our Unordered or Ordered lists.

    Notice at the very top of any Definition lists is the

    tag. From there, it alternates between a
    tag for the term, and a
    tag for the definition. So each time out we have a
    for the term, and we have an opening and closing
    which encases the definition. And that just repeats until the Definition list closes out. So it's really important that you have an equal number of items, terms and definitions, and that you don't partially select a line above or partially select a line below.

    That can really mess up your structure. Well, to go ahead and practice this, we've got facts for each of these tour packages: California Calm, California Hotsprings, Cycle California, all the way down the page. Take some time, go ahead and pause the movie, take some time and add that additional structure to each one of those elements. As you do that, you'll get a little bit more comfortable with creating a Definition list. Now, creating and editing lists inside Dreamweaver is extremely simple. It's similar to using several popular text editing programs, so a lot of what you're doing here you're going to be quite familiar with.

    What's really important to remember is that any changes made to the list, and all of the text in Dreamweaver for that matter, is in reality generating and modifying code, the underlying structure for all of your content. As such, you want to make sure that you understand how this code should be structured in case you ever need to go in and modify yourself. I recommend monitoring the code as you create it, just as we're doing here, so that you're ensuring that you're formatting your code correctly

    Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training .

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    please wait ...
    Q: After creating a website following the instructions in the course, the header background graphic appears correctly in all browsers except Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.  The graphic works properly in IE 8. What can be done to make the graphics appear in IE 6 and IE 7?
    A: To make the header background graphic appear, wrap the header div tag in another div tag and give it an ID like “mainHeader.” The problem stems from a bug in Internet Explorer that prevents the browser from dealing with absolutely positioned elements that are right next to relatively positioned elements.  Following the steps above should solve the problem.
    Q: In the tutorial, the author links the Tool Tip to the word "More" at the bottom of the thumbnail photo field. I can't figure out how to place the <a> "More" on the thumbnail photo field.
    A: In the example, there is a paragraph that wraps an <img> tag and the word "More," which is surrounded by an anchor tag (<a>). The author uses CSS to make sure the parent div tag of the thumbs floats to the left, and is only wide enough for the image. This causes the link text to break down onto another line. Then, the instructor uses CSS to align the link text to the right of the <img>. The link itself is a void JavaScript function, ( javascript();). This gives you a "dummy" link without returning you to the top of the page as the "#" dummy link tends to do.
    If you were manually typing the text in, you could select the image, hit the right arrow button, and begin typing. The text should then appear on screen.
    Q: In this movie, you are making changes to the HTML in order to customize the text layout on your page (i.e. h1, h2, and h3 tags as well as strong and em tags). I'm wondering why you are not using CSS to do this (i.e. font-size, font-weight). Do you typically use one method, or is it customary to do use both in a layout, and if so, what guidelines would you suggest to determine which to use when?
    A: We modify the page's structure through the use of h1, h2, and other heading tags. So when we are choosing heading levels, we're not concerning ourselves with typography; we're establishing page structure. A heading is chosen to denote the level of importance for the heading, not typography.
    CSS should always be used for presentation, not HTML.
    Q: In the “Understanding ID selectors” movie, the author states that only one ID tag can be used per page, but then he adds two ID tags. Can you please clarify this for me?
    A: You can use as many IDs per page as you wish. They just must all use a unique name. Therefore if you assign an element the ID of "header" no other element on THAT page may use the same ID.
    Q: I noticed that in this course, the instructor uses this code on his CSS external sheet: @charset "UTF-8"; I was under the impression that this code wasn't necessary. The W3.org site is unclear on the matter. Is it necessary? Is it a best practice? Is it an older form of CSS?
    A: The characterset attribute is added automatically by Dreamweaver, and there’s no practical reason to remove it. While it's not needed (the HTML page should indicate which encoding to use for the page) it is helpful if the CSS file is ever imported or used on a page where the characterset isn't specified. Think of it as a safety net for characterset encoding. Not necessary, but not harmful either.
    Q: I need to add captions below images that I insert in pages of text. I played all the lessons in Chapter 5 (Adding Text and Structure) but none dealt with captions. I hope the author has an answer or can refer me to a source.
    A: In HTML 4 and XHTML 1 (which is what Dreamweaver CS5 uses by default), there wasn't really a way to add captions below your photos. Most web authors would "fake" captions by having paragraphs of text below their images and using CSS to position and style the captions in the desired manner. Many would use a class such as .imgCaption to control the styling. To do this you would essentially position the text underneath the image through CSS (often by grouping the image and the paragraph in a div tag) and italicizing the text.

    However in HTML5, there are new elements that allow us to associate images and their captions, the figure and figcaption element. Our author James Williamson just finished a course on HTML5: Syntax, Structure, and Semantics which details how to use it.

    HTML5 Doctor also has a nice article on the figure and figcaption elements at http://html5doctor.com/the-figure-figcaption-elements/.
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