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Controlling spacing with padding

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Controlling spacing with padding

Most of the time, if I need to control spacing in my typography, I use margins. However, there are times that padding is required to achieve the desired result. While margins control the space between elements, padding handles the spacing within the element. Each element is contained within its own box. Increasing the Padding increases the distance from the contents of an element to its edge. Keep in mind that this can also increase the total width and height of elements, and that needs to be factored in when determining the relationship of surrounding elements. In this movie, we'll use Padding to achieve nicer spacing for our Tour Resource links.

Controlling spacing with padding

Most of the time, if I need to control spacing in my typography, I use margins. However, there are times that padding is required to achieve the desired result. While margins control the space between elements, padding handles the spacing within the element. Each element is contained within its own box. Increasing the Padding increases the distance from the contents of an element to its edge. Keep in mind that this can also increase the total width and height of elements, and that needs to be factored in when determining the relationship of surrounding elements. In this movie, we'll use Padding to achieve nicer spacing for our Tour Resource links.

Then control the amount of inset that is frequently asked questions answers have. We'll also modify the relationship between a headline and its border. So I have the faq.htm opened up. Let's just to scroll down so we can see the elements that we are going to be affecting. So here we have a couple of links that will jump us down the page to our frequently asked questions. They're inside these list items. You can see they have a background color and a border applied to them. So to give that little bit more spacing, open them up a little bit, make them look a little bit better, we're going to use padding to help us with that.

The answer portions of our frequently asked questions really need to be sort of offset a little bit. So what we're going to do is we're going to inset those, so that they have a little bit of space over here on the right-hand side. That's going to give us a nice little visual separation between the answers and the questions themselves. Then finally, Monthly Specials has a border applied to the bottom of it, but the border and the text are almost touching. So we're going to use padding to open that up a little bit more so we get a higher degree of space between there.

So let's start with our links up top. Now what I'm going to do is just go ahead and use my Code Navigator. So remember, I can Alt+Click that on the PC, Option+Command+Click on the Mac, and there are a lot of rules here. The one that we're looking for is this one, #mainContent #mainArticle ul.faqNav li. So that's targeting any List Item inside of an unordered list with a class faqNav, inside of the mainArticle, inside of the mainContent.

Okay, I'm going to go ahead and click on that. Once again, if you want to be able to see this while you're doing this, you can just sort of move that divider so that you're seeing less code, more design, but I'm really using that to find it over in my CSS Styles dialog box. I'm going to go ahead and double-click that Rule to open that up in my CSS Rule Definition dialog box. Now remember, you want to look right up here to make sure you got the right Rule, li ul.faqNav mainArticle mainContent. Cool! So now I'm going to go to my Box Category.

You can see we're controlling Padding and Margins through our Box Properties. I'm going to deselect Same for all. I'm going to do a Top Padding of 0.5ems. I'm going to do a Right Padding of 0.5ems, a Bottom Padding of 0.5ems, and finally, a Left Padding of 1 em. There we go. So Top, Right, Bottom all of 0.5 ems, and then a Left Padding of 1 em. When I click OK, I can see I have an increased amount of spacing all the way around, and these links are now getting a lot more attention, visually, on our page.

Let's scroll down to take a look at our frequently asked questions answer portion of it. If I click inside of that, I can see that this is part of a Definition List. So I have a dl there. We're going to be targeting that dd tag. So once again, I'm just going to go ahead and Alt+Click or Option+Command+Click on that. I'm going to bring up my Code Navigator. I want to find the #mainContent mainArticle dl.faq dd. When I select that, I can go right over to my CSS Styles panel, double-click the one that's highlighted.

It's a very fast and easy way to find your targeted Rule within all those styles. I'm going to click on the Box category. Again, I'm going to deselect Same for all for Padding. I'm going to do 0 Padding for the Top, 0 Padding for the Right, and 0 Padding for the Bottom, because all we're really wanting to do is move this over a little bit to the left. Now if I wanted to, I could have left all that blank. I could have just left Top, Right and Bottom with no values and given it a Left value. For Left value, we're going to give it a Padding of 2em with no spacing. Now you can also write that this way. You can say 2, and then you can grab the pulldown menu, choose ems.

I just find that to be a little faster. When I click OK, click back into my file in Design view, and we can see now we have a little indentation for each of those guys. There is a nice separation between the answer and the question itself. Now let's take a look, finally, at our headline right here, Monthly Specials. If I Alt or Option+Command+Click that, what I'm looking for here is this callOut h1 selector. So I'm going to go ahead and select that. Again, I can just com right over to the CSS Styles panel and double-click that. It's going to open up my CSS Rule Definition dialog box.

I can go right down to the Box category and set some padding. Now here, I just need padding on the bottom. So I'm going to deselect Same for all. On the Bottom, I'm going to do a padding of 0.25 em, so 0.25 em. I'm not even going to set these other ones. I'm just going to click OK. If I click back in here, you can see, now we've added a little bit of spacing between that headline and little bit of spacing between this headline and its border as well. By using padding, we can control the space between an element's content and the edge of an element. This is particularly useful when dealing with elements that have background colors, just like our links right up here, or background graphics, or when we need to control elements that have borders.

I will discuss Margins and Padding in more detail later in the chapter on layouts since they're also used heavily in controlling CSS-based layouts.

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This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 89041 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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