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Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS


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Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

with Garrick Chow

Video: Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS

Now we'll continue formatting our table by adding some color to it. or you can actually use Cascading Style Sheets. And in this movie, we will take a look at both methods. I'm still working with the teapots.html file we've been working with so far in this chapter. And let's start by seeing how we can color the entire table. As you might guess, we first have to select the entire table. And again, I'll roll my cursor over the bottom of the table until I see that red outline. And click to select the entire table, which brings up my table properties down here. And you can see, here we have a Bg color well, which allows us to select a color. If you have an image for your background, you can also put a background image on your table, but in this case, we've interested in a background color. We can either select from the color well, like so, or we can actually type in a value. I'm just going to select this light gray, which is #CCCCCC. And you can see right away, our table has been formatted. Notice it leaves the caption alone, but formats the entire table with that color.
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  1. 1m 12s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
  2. 21m 0s
    1. HTML vs. XHTML
      3m 4s
    2. What is CSS?
      3m 48s
    3. What is XML?
      2m 11s
    4. What is DHTML?
      1m 9s
    5. What is JavaScript?
      1m 23s
    6. File naming conventions
      3m 22s
    7. What is an index page?
      6m 3s
  3. 46m 18s
    1. Setting up your workspace
      2m 39s
    2. The Welcome screen
      4m 11s
    3. Windows and Mac differences
      3m 18s
    4. The Insert bar
      4m 38s
    5. The Property Inspector
      1m 50s
    6. The Document toolbar
      6m 6s
    7. The Document window
      9m 11s
    8. Panels and panel groups
      6m 58s
    9. Saving workspace layouts
      2m 22s
    10. Defining a default browser
      5m 5s
  4. 24m 59s
    1. Defining a site
      9m 5s
    2. File and folder management
      3m 11s
    3. Understanding path structure
      3m 17s
    4. Adding content to a site
      6m 6s
    5. Creating a site map
      3m 20s
  5. 38m 39s
    1. Creating a new blank site
      6m 0s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      7m 54s
    3. About DOCTYPE
      3m 59s
    4. Inserting images
      9m 26s
    5. Inserting text
      3m 35s
    6. Aligning text and images
      4m 9s
    7. Inserting meta tags
      3m 36s
  6. 45m 58s
    1. Link basics
      6m 4s
    2. Linking with Point to File
      5m 18s
    3. External links
      4m 15s
    4. Creating email links
      5m 49s
    5. Named anchors
      7m 37s
    6. Linking to a file
      7m 35s
    7. Image maps
      9m 20s
  7. 1h 8m
    1. About CSS
      4m 52s
    2. Anatomy of a style sheet
      4m 10s
    3. CSS and page properties
      10m 11s
    4. Moving an internal style sheet to an external style sheet
      6m 46s
    5. The CSS Styles panel
      3m 48s
    6. CSS selectors
      2m 37s
    7. Type selectors
      12m 13s
    8. ID selectors
      10m 21s
    9. Class selectors
      5m 42s
    10. Creating rollovers with pseudo-class selectors
      7m 22s
  8. 42m 54s
    1. CSS vs. the Font tag
      2m 42s
    2. Formatting text with the Property Inspector
      8m 41s
    3. What measurement should I use?
      3m 15s
    4. Managing white space with margins, padding, and line height
      8m 34s
    5. Using font lists
      5m 45s
    6. Aligning text
      2m 47s
    7. Creating lists
      5m 8s
    8. Creating Flash text
      6m 2s
  9. 43m 19s
    1. About tables
      1m 28s
    2. Tables in Code view
      2m 36s
    3. Creating and adding content to tables
      7m 40s
    4. Changing table borders with XHTML
      5m 46s
    5. Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS
      6m 41s
    6. Aligning table content
      6m 39s
    7. Sorting tables
      3m 6s
    8. Setting table widths
      4m 48s
    9. Creating rounded-corner tables
      4m 35s
  10. 28m 22s
    1. Dreamweaver's layout tools
      3m 8s
    2. Tracing images
      4m 58s
    3. Adding AP div tags
      7m 29s
    4. Working with Layout Tables
      6m 55s
    5. Adjusting table widths and nesting tables
      5m 52s
  11. 16m 19s
    1. What is a device?
      3m 14s
    2. Attaching a printer-friendly style sheet
      3m 5s
    3. Styling for print
      7m 41s
    4. Adobe Device Central
      2m 19s
  12. 29m 54s
    1. Rollover rules
      3m 31s
    2. Creating simple rollovers
      5m 36s
    3. Creating disjointed rollovers
      7m 12s
    4. Creating navigation bars with multiple states
      9m 21s
    5. Creating Flash buttons
      4m 14s
  13. 26m 32s
    1. Viewing the code
      6m 9s
    2. Editing in Code view
      3m 0s
    3. The Code toolbar
      5m 11s
    4. Working with Code Collapse
      4m 27s
    5. The Quick Tag Editor
      2m 20s
    6. Working with snippets
      5m 25s
  14. 32m 45s
    1. About forms
      3m 23s
    2. Adding text fields
      9m 52s
    3. Adding checkboxes and radio buttons
      5m 37s
    4. Adding lists and menus
      6m 5s
    5. Submitting form results
      3m 23s
    6. Styling form elements with CSS
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 17s
    1. Opening a new browser window
      9m 38s
    2. Creating a popup message
      2m 50s
    3. Validating text fields
      2m 42s
    4. Getting more behaviors
      7m 2s
    5. Removing extensions
      1m 5s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. External image editor preferences
      3m 18s
    2. Built-in image editing tools
      3m 11s
    3. Roundtrip editing from Dreamweaver to Fireworks or Photoshop
      4m 39s
    4. Copying and pasting
      3m 50s
  17. 34m 16s
    1. Templates in action
      5m 12s
    2. Creating a new template
      6m 36s
    3. Applying templates
      3m 36s
    4. Modifying a template
      1m 40s
    5. Adding repeating regions
      3m 28s
    6. Working with repeating regions
      3m 13s
    7. Adding optional regions
      3m 34s
    8. Creating a library item
      3m 48s
    9. Modifying a library item
      3m 9s
  18. 13m 2s
    1. Using the History panel
      4m 24s
    2. Saving History steps as commands
      3m 25s
    3. Using Find and Replace
      5m 13s
  19. 14m 44s
    1. W3C accessibility guidelines
      4m 6s
    2. Accessibility preferences
      1m 29s
    3. Inserting accessible images
      3m 2s
    4. Inserting accessible tables
      2m 53s
    5. Inserting accessible form objects
      3m 14s
  20. 26m 17s
    1. About media objects
      2m 6s
    2. Linking to audio and video files
      5m 56s
    3. Embedding audio and video files
      7m 7s
    4. Setting parameters
      4m 27s
    5. Inserting Flash content
      2m 37s
    6. Inserting Flash video
      4m 4s
  21. 28m 47s
    1. Getting site reports
      3m 35s
    2. Checking links sitewide
      3m 30s
    3. Signing up with Tripod
      6m 36s
    4. Entering remote info
      4m 13s
    5. Publishing your site
      5m 41s
    6. Updating and publishing pages
      5m 12s
  22. 44s
    1. Goodbye
      44s

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Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training
10h 22m Beginner Apr 16, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training, instructor Garrick Chow delves into the many powerful features of the latest version of this powerful web design application. He covers everything from the simplest basics of using Dreamweaver CS3 to applying it to develop a fully interactive, accessible site. Garrick explains the new interface features, and demonstrates how to create, edit, manage, design, and publish a professional website with Dreamweaver CS3 and complementary applications. Exercise files accompany the training.

Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
Garrick Chow

Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS

Now we'll continue formatting our table by adding some color to it. or you can actually use Cascading Style Sheets. And in this movie, we will take a look at both methods. I'm still working with the teapots.html file we've been working with so far in this chapter. And let's start by seeing how we can color the entire table. As you might guess, we first have to select the entire table. And again, I'll roll my cursor over the bottom of the table until I see that red outline. And click to select the entire table, which brings up my table properties down here. And you can see, here we have a Bg color well, which allows us to select a color. If you have an image for your background, you can also put a background image on your table, but in this case, we've interested in a background color. We can either select from the color well, like so, or we can actually type in a value. I'm just going to select this light gray, which is #CCCCCC. And you can see right away, our table has been formatted. Notice it leaves the caption alone, but formats the entire table with that color.

Ideally, I'd like to give my header row a different color. So to select that entire row, so we can come over here to the left of that row, until I see this right pointing arrow, which shows me that the entire row is highlighted. And then I can click. And again, alternately, you can also click in the row. And then come down here to your tags selector area and click on , for table row, to select the entire row. With that row selected, we can come down to our Property inspector, and here we have a Bg color well. In this case, I a specific color in mind. So, I'm going to type in #6E7970. And you can see, that gives the table row a nice, dark green color. Also, I just noticed that I misspelled "description," so let's go ahead and fix that. There we go. Now this is an important distinction to make.

We told {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} that we want the entire table to be gray. Yet, when we selected the table row, we were able to turn that a different color. Basically, the general rule of formatting is that the more specific rule overrides the more general rule. The general rule here was that the table should be a gray color. But I specifically selected that row and turned it into that green color, which overrode the table color. And you'll see this happen again and again when it comes to formatting. Now these black headings are a little bit more difficult to read now in the first row. So let's select that row again. Then I'll come down here to the text color well, and we'll turn that white. And you can see that has turned our text white. And lastly, to make this table a little bit easier to read, maybe I want to have alternating colors in this table cell.

So I'll select this middle row with the Earl's Grey teapot, and we'll turn its background color white. Just like so. So now our table looks a little bit better, and is a little bit easier to read. For if we go over and look at the Code, we can see everything that {italic}Dreamweaver {plain}has done to style our table. Notice that the Bg color attribute has been added to the table tag. There's our background color tag. For the header table row, we also have this same attribute, Bg color. Notice that class style 1 has been added for the text, and you can see that's where we find the white color we used for text in the table row. And then for the middle table row, you can see that the screen color has been changed to white. So, {italic}Dreamweaver {plain}has written all that XHTML code for us. But as you start to progress with your web design, you can start doing this sort of thing with Cascading Style Sheets. This is fine when you're working with basic tables, but later on when you're working with lots of different pages, that might have several different tables on it that you might want it to have the same formatting, you'll probably want to be working with Cascading Style Sheets, so you can quickly change the formatting for all your tables, if necessary. I'm going to go ahead and close this page.

And in my Files panel, I'll open up the file css-teapots.html. This is pretty much the exact same table you're working with, but it's just got its original formatting on it. And this time we'll use Cascading Style Sheets to color this table. Let's go over to our CSS Styles panel. And you can see, there already is a style in here. And these are type styles for table, th and, td. And looking in here, we can see that they have a border, and that the border set is set to collapse. Now, we're going to go in here and edit this. So, we're going to double-click, and let's go to the Background, and we're going to add a background color to the table. Same gray color we chose before #CCCCCC. And when we click on OK, you can see it has added that gray color, and that's just added that property to our rule. Now we want to add that darker green color to the table header. So, we're going to create a new style. We'll use the tags selector type.

And we'll type in "th," for table header. And, since we don't have an external style sheet to use in here, we're going to use this style in This document only. I'll click on OK. And in Type category pane, we'll turn our text to white, now we'll go over to the Background category, and we'll set the background color. And again, we'll use the same color, #6E7970. Click on OK. And there's our change. You might have wondered how I can define the color for , even though there's a color definition for here, as well. What we're seeing is the cascading part of Cascading Style Sheets in action here. Because I defined this rule after the table, rule, it's lower in the cascade, or attribute set to any of the table tags in here. All the styles are right here at the top of the Code. Therefore, I could have 20 tables on this page, and they would all be styled exactly the same, and I wouldn't have to have individual formatting on each one of my tables. Last thing we do to make it look like the other table is to set the middle row here to white.

And we'll do this again by creating a new style. In this case, we're going to use a simple Class. So with the Advanced tag selected here, we'll type "tr.altRow td." Now, what this is going to mean is that any td tag inside of a tag with a Class altRow is going to be styled using this rule. So the td tag has to be inside a tag and it has to have the class of altRow. If we click on OK, and we'll just go to the Background category, and we'll select white.

Click on OK. Now nothing has changed because we haven't assigned that class attribute to any of our rows. So come in here, I'll click in that row, click and now I can come over to the Style menu and assign this altRow. Sure enough, that turns the background color white. So the table now looks exactly as it did, as when I styled it using the Property inspector. But we've made minimal changes to the actual table Code at this point, basically only adding a simple Class to control the alternating row color here. And if I decide to change the color of the heading, or the colors of the alternating row, I can now change it in one place in my style sheet, instead of having to go in and select different parts of the table. So imagine a site with dozens of tables that need to be styled. All you have to do is just go in and change that one style sheet, and all the tables will change their appearance. Let's go ahead and save that.

and we'll continue working this table in the next movie.

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