Start learning with our library of video tutorials taught by experts. Get started

Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training
Illustration by

Changing table borders with XHTML


From:

Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

with Garrick Chow

Video: Changing table borders with XHTML

In this movie we're going to continue spiffing up the table that we created in the previous movie. Just as a quick review, we created this table and then we added a photo, description, and price for each one of these products. We saw that these dotted lines that we see here in {italic}Dreamweaver,{plain} just represent the borders of the cells, but don't actually appear in our browsers. If I go out and browse in {italic}Safari,{plain} we'll see that we don't see those borders in here. That's probably not the best way to display this information. Let's go back into {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} and clean this up a little bit. In order to add a visible border to our table, we need to actually select the table.
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 12s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
  2. 21m 0s
    1. HTML vs. XHTML
      3m 4s
    2. What is CSS?
      3m 48s
    3. What is XML?
      2m 11s
    4. What is DHTML?
      1m 9s
    5. What is JavaScript?
      1m 23s
    6. File naming conventions
      3m 22s
    7. What is an index page?
      6m 3s
  3. 46m 18s
    1. Setting up your workspace
      2m 39s
    2. The Welcome screen
      4m 11s
    3. Windows and Mac differences
      3m 18s
    4. The Insert bar
      4m 38s
    5. The Property Inspector
      1m 50s
    6. The Document toolbar
      6m 6s
    7. The Document window
      9m 11s
    8. Panels and panel groups
      6m 58s
    9. Saving workspace layouts
      2m 22s
    10. Defining a default browser
      5m 5s
  4. 24m 59s
    1. Defining a site
      9m 5s
    2. File and folder management
      3m 11s
    3. Understanding path structure
      3m 17s
    4. Adding content to a site
      6m 6s
    5. Creating a site map
      3m 20s
  5. 38m 39s
    1. Creating a new blank site
      6m 0s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      7m 54s
    3. About DOCTYPE
      3m 59s
    4. Inserting images
      9m 26s
    5. Inserting text
      3m 35s
    6. Aligning text and images
      4m 9s
    7. Inserting meta tags
      3m 36s
  6. 45m 58s
    1. Link basics
      6m 4s
    2. Linking with Point to File
      5m 18s
    3. External links
      4m 15s
    4. Creating email links
      5m 49s
    5. Named anchors
      7m 37s
    6. Linking to a file
      7m 35s
    7. Image maps
      9m 20s
  7. 1h 8m
    1. About CSS
      4m 52s
    2. Anatomy of a style sheet
      4m 10s
    3. CSS and page properties
      10m 11s
    4. Moving an internal style sheet to an external style sheet
      6m 46s
    5. The CSS Styles panel
      3m 48s
    6. CSS selectors
      2m 37s
    7. Type selectors
      12m 13s
    8. ID selectors
      10m 21s
    9. Class selectors
      5m 42s
    10. Creating rollovers with pseudo-class selectors
      7m 22s
  8. 42m 54s
    1. CSS vs. the Font tag
      2m 42s
    2. Formatting text with the Property Inspector
      8m 41s
    3. What measurement should I use?
      3m 15s
    4. Managing white space with margins, padding, and line height
      8m 34s
    5. Using font lists
      5m 45s
    6. Aligning text
      2m 47s
    7. Creating lists
      5m 8s
    8. Creating Flash text
      6m 2s
  9. 43m 19s
    1. About tables
      1m 28s
    2. Tables in Code view
      2m 36s
    3. Creating and adding content to tables
      7m 40s
    4. Changing table borders with XHTML
      5m 46s
    5. Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS
      6m 41s
    6. Aligning table content
      6m 39s
    7. Sorting tables
      3m 6s
    8. Setting table widths
      4m 48s
    9. Creating rounded-corner tables
      4m 35s
  10. 28m 22s
    1. Dreamweaver's layout tools
      3m 8s
    2. Tracing images
      4m 58s
    3. Adding AP div tags
      7m 29s
    4. Working with Layout Tables
      6m 55s
    5. Adjusting table widths and nesting tables
      5m 52s
  11. 16m 19s
    1. What is a device?
      3m 14s
    2. Attaching a printer-friendly style sheet
      3m 5s
    3. Styling for print
      7m 41s
    4. Adobe Device Central
      2m 19s
  12. 29m 54s
    1. Rollover rules
      3m 31s
    2. Creating simple rollovers
      5m 36s
    3. Creating disjointed rollovers
      7m 12s
    4. Creating navigation bars with multiple states
      9m 21s
    5. Creating Flash buttons
      4m 14s
  13. 26m 32s
    1. Viewing the code
      6m 9s
    2. Editing in Code view
      3m 0s
    3. The Code toolbar
      5m 11s
    4. Working with Code Collapse
      4m 27s
    5. The Quick Tag Editor
      2m 20s
    6. Working with snippets
      5m 25s
  14. 32m 45s
    1. About forms
      3m 23s
    2. Adding text fields
      9m 52s
    3. Adding checkboxes and radio buttons
      5m 37s
    4. Adding lists and menus
      6m 5s
    5. Submitting form results
      3m 23s
    6. Styling form elements with CSS
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 17s
    1. Opening a new browser window
      9m 38s
    2. Creating a popup message
      2m 50s
    3. Validating text fields
      2m 42s
    4. Getting more behaviors
      7m 2s
    5. Removing extensions
      1m 5s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. External image editor preferences
      3m 18s
    2. Built-in image editing tools
      3m 11s
    3. Roundtrip editing from Dreamweaver to Fireworks or Photoshop
      4m 39s
    4. Copying and pasting
      3m 50s
  17. 34m 16s
    1. Templates in action
      5m 12s
    2. Creating a new template
      6m 36s
    3. Applying templates
      3m 36s
    4. Modifying a template
      1m 40s
    5. Adding repeating regions
      3m 28s
    6. Working with repeating regions
      3m 13s
    7. Adding optional regions
      3m 34s
    8. Creating a library item
      3m 48s
    9. Modifying a library item
      3m 9s
  18. 13m 2s
    1. Using the History panel
      4m 24s
    2. Saving History steps as commands
      3m 25s
    3. Using Find and Replace
      5m 13s
  19. 14m 44s
    1. W3C accessibility guidelines
      4m 6s
    2. Accessibility preferences
      1m 29s
    3. Inserting accessible images
      3m 2s
    4. Inserting accessible tables
      2m 53s
    5. Inserting accessible form objects
      3m 14s
  20. 26m 17s
    1. About media objects
      2m 6s
    2. Linking to audio and video files
      5m 56s
    3. Embedding audio and video files
      7m 7s
    4. Setting parameters
      4m 27s
    5. Inserting Flash content
      2m 37s
    6. Inserting Flash video
      4m 4s
  21. 28m 47s
    1. Getting site reports
      3m 35s
    2. Checking links sitewide
      3m 30s
    3. Signing up with Tripod
      6m 36s
    4. Entering remote info
      4m 13s
    5. Publishing your site
      5m 41s
    6. Updating and publishing pages
      5m 12s
  22. 44s
    1. Goodbye
      44s

Watch this entire course now—plus get access to every course in the library. Each course includes high-quality videos taught by expert instructors.

Become a member
please wait ...
Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training
10h 22m Beginner Apr 16, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training, instructor Garrick Chow delves into the many powerful features of the latest version of this powerful web design application. He covers everything from the simplest basics of using Dreamweaver CS3 to applying it to develop a fully interactive, accessible site. Garrick explains the new interface features, and demonstrates how to create, edit, manage, design, and publish a professional website with Dreamweaver CS3 and complementary applications. Exercise files accompany the training.

Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
Garrick Chow

Changing table borders with XHTML

In this movie we're going to continue spiffing up the table that we created in the previous movie. Just as a quick review, we created this table and then we added a photo, description, and price for each one of these products. We saw that these dotted lines that we see here in {italic}Dreamweaver,{plain} just represent the borders of the cells, but don't actually appear in our browsers. If I go out and browse in {italic}Safari,{plain} we'll see that we don't see those borders in here. That's probably not the best way to display this information. Let's go back into {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} and clean this up a little bit. In order to add a visible border to our table, we need to actually select the table.

There are several ways of doing this. Notice when I move my mouse near the edge of the table I see a red outline appear around it. That's just a visual indicator that I can click to select that table. Whatever I click will then be selected. The same works if I rollover, say, the top of the table here. Notice that if I put my cursor at the top of a column, it actually highlights the entire column. If I click, just that column will be selected. If I come over to the left, I can select the entire row that way, like so. If you don't like that red border appearing, or if you want a different color, you can go to Dreamweaver > Preferences, go over to the Highlight category. In here, this is the mouse-over highlight.

We can change the color here, or we can just uncheck the Show checkbox if we don't want to see that box at all. I do want to see it, so I'm going to just Cancel out of there. Lets' go ahead and select the table again. Again, you can do that just by putting your cursor right on along the bottom border. Another way of doing this is to click anywhere inside the table, and if you look down here you'll see the actually table tags. If I select , which as we learned is table data, which represents the table cell, you can see it just selects that entire cell. represents table row, selects the entire row. Or, I can go all the way out to the table tag, and that selects the entire table. So, this is just one of the reasons why it's a good idea to know what HTML tags represent which part of the tables. It makes it that much easier to select different parts of the table.

but in this case I want to add a borders so I have the entire table selected, which then gives me my Table Properties Inspector down here. You can see all these properties here have to do the table. Now I can come in here and find the border field, and I'm just going to add a border of one. Click enter, and if I click to deselect, you can see we now have a border around the table. If I go and preview this in my browser, make sure I save my changes, and there's my border. It's not the prettiest border in the world. It's just what a default table border looks like in just about any browser. In the next movie, we'll take a look at how we can create better looking borders using Cascading Style Sheets, but we'll work with what we have right here now. Let's go back to {italic}Dreamweaver.{plain} Let's just say we find it fairly obvious that the first column of this table contains a photo. There are photos right in here.

Maybe it's kind of redundant to have the word "Photo" in here. So, to get rid of that text, I can either come in here and either just press Delete several times, and do that to delete the text, or if I come in here, I can actually click in that cell, click to select the entire cell, and hit Delete to get rid of the text. Notice in didn't delete the entire cell. You can't delete an individual cell. You can only delete entire rows or entire columns, because tables ultimately have to be rectangles. I can't have a table that's sort of weirdly formed with a missing chunk up here. That just ended up deleting the text for me, but what else did it do? Let's go back in here and let's go over to Code view.

Notice here that instead of having the word Photo here now, I just have this weird bit of text here   That's what's actually known as a non-breaking space. This is a special character that's basically the equivalent of hitting the space key on your keyboard, except that this is a non-breaking space. But, you often use them when you don't want text wrap around at a certain point. For instance, if I typed my name in a paragraph, and I put a non-breaking space between my first name and my last name, and my name appeared towards the right side of a paragraph, the non-breaking space would ensure that my first name wouldn't appear on the end of one line, and then my last name would then appear at the beginning of the next line.

If there wasn't enough room for both my first name and my last name to appear in the same line, they would both move down to the next line because of the non-breaking space. That's a common use of a non-breaking space. Another very common use is for {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} to automatically put a non-breaking space into a supposedly empty table cell. The reason it does this is because some browsers require that every cell contains some kind of content. Cells that don't contain content will collapse, and borders around the cell sometimes won't be displayed. Most notably, Internet Explorer, still the most popular browser in the world, is probably the largest culprit here. The non-breaking space is the perfect solution because it qualifies its content to the browser, but it's invisible to the person viewing the page, so nobody knows that there's anything in that cell.

It just looks like an empty cell. If you ever need to manually enter a non-breaking space, if you accidentally deleted it in the code for some reason, you can always come up to the Insert > HTML > Special Characters, and here's where you'll find the non-breaking space. This is also where you'll find the keyboard command to create a non-breaking space. So, just be aware if you ever look through the code and you're wondering what that is, that's what that is. All special characters begin with an ampersand and close of a semicolon (;). What appears between the ampersand (&) and the semicolon (;) is the actual code for the character that needs to be created. Just so we're clear on this, if I came in here and I inserted another special character, for instance a copyright symbol, like that, and I came back in here, you can see that this is represented by ampersand (&), the word copy, and then a semicolon (;). So, that's all it really represents in the code. Let's go back and delete that.

Notice if I come back in here, I don't even have to add the non-breaking space. {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} does it automatically, because it knows some browsers have real problems with empty cells. Okay, so that's a little bit about adding a border to your table, which we saw is very easy to do. You just select your table, come in here and add a border. Make it any thickness you want. A little bit about what happens when you have supposedly empty cells in {italic}Dreamweaver.{plain} In the next movie, we'll continue playing around with this table to continue making it look a little bit better.

There are currently no FAQs about Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training.

 
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.
Upgrade now


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

join now Upgrade now

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Notes cannot be added for locked videos.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.