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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

Building structure and assigning IDs


From:

Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

with James Williamson

Video: Building structure and assigning IDs

We now turn our attention to structuring our Cheek Chastain Gallery site. So I am working on the index_start example file and you can find that in the Chapter 3 Example Files folder. Currently, the page is just raw content. There is no styling or structure to it at all. As I scroll down, it's just raw XHTML. Now, there is nothing necessarily wrong with that per say. But if I switch over to Code view, you will note that there is really nothing in the code to really identify any of the areas of the content. Some of the tags do have IDs already assigned to them, but for the most part, there are no divs that help structure our content. There is nothing really there to describe to the end user what any of the stuff is. So above and beyond the need to structure our content so that we can control layout, we need to add some structure here so that the content is correctly represented in terms of what it is. So what we'll do now is we will begin to wrap this content in div tags and will assign IDs to the div tags to give that structure that we were just talking about. Now, normally if you are starting out with a blank page, you just go and you just start coding the div tags. You know where they are going to be, you know who is who, so you just began start creating them and then you put content inside of the them.
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 1h 23m
    1. Reviewing the Coding toolbar
      8m 42s
    2. Customizing the Coding toolbar
      9m 52s
    3. Taking advantage of Code Hinting
      7m 20s
    4. Using snippets and shortcuts
      11m 10s
    5. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      5m 18s
    6. Using Find and Replace
      9m 50s
    7. Regular expressions
      5m 39s
    8. Using Bridge with Dreamweaver CS3
      8m 28s
    9. Round-trip editing with Photoshop CS3
      3m 40s
    10. Leveraging image variables in Photoshop CS3
      7m 32s
    11. Integrating external variables into your workflow
      6m 16s
  3. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding the CSS Styles panel
      7m 59s
    2. Understanding the Cascade
      5m 50s
    3. Understanding Inheritance
      5m 8s
    4. Understanding Specificity
      7m 5s
    5. Managing CSS styles
      5m 4s
    6. Using Design-Time style sheets
      6m 20s
  4. 2h 19m
    1. Using the new CSS template pages
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding DIV tag structure and layout
      12m 0s
    3. Understanding the CSS box model
      10m 0s
    4. Using absolute and relative positioning
      8m 35s
    5. Understanding floating elements
      7m 9s
    6. Clearing floats
      7m 19s
    7. Using floats to control page layout
      3m 45s
    8. Building structure and assigning IDs
      10m 19s
    9. Applying basic styling to structured content
      11m 14s
    10. Positioning container elements
      11m 4s
    11. Enhancing layouts with background graphics
      11m 48s
    12. Creating faux columns with background graphics
      8m 55s
    13. Creating rounded corners with background graphics
      9m 17s
    14. Building navigation with CSS
      16m 57s
    15. Using Dreamweaver's Browser Check feature
      5m 31s
  5. 53m 22s
    1. Creating properly structured forms
      6m 30s
    2. Creating accessible forms
      6m 41s
    3. Using CSS to lay out form structure
      7m 40s
    4. Creating vertical columns for form elements
      7m 48s
    5. Adding user feedback
      5m 52s
    6. Applying advanced styling to forms
      8m 11s
    7. Client-side form validation
      4m 17s
    8. Validating forms with the Spry Validation tools
      6m 23s
  6. 1h 20m
    1. Understanding the Spry framework
      3m 43s
    2. Defining a data source for use in Spry
      3m 56s
    3. Creating a Spry table
      8m 8s
    4. Using the Spry widgets
      8m 11s
    5. Connecting various data sets
      4m 50s
    6. Understanding Spry widget structures
      7m 1s
    7. Applying custom styles to Spry widgets
      6m 24s
    8. Applying additional custom styles to Spry widgets
      8m 46s
    9. Controlling Spry widget behaviors with JavaScript
      6m 0s
    10. Controlling Spry widget animations with JavaScript
      9m 31s
    11. Creating effects with Spry behaviors
      4m 42s
    12. Hand-coding Spry
      9m 11s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Creating a base template
      8m 6s
    2. Creating editable attributes
      6m 26s
    3. Creating a new page from a template
      7m 42s
    4. Applying a template to an existing page
      4m 36s
    5. Creating nested templates
      5m 24s
    6. Using repeating regions
      6m 34s
    7. Creating editable and non-editable optional regions
      6m 0s
    8. Using template parameters
      7m 26s
    9. Using template expressions
      9m 59s
    10. Using conditional template expressions
      8m 54s
  8. 54m 40s
    1. Examining XML structure
      2m 44s
    2. Creating an XML document
      9m 9s
    3. Using the CDATA structure
      5m 7s
    4. Creating an XSLT file
      4m 33s
    5. Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document
      5m 6s
    6. Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document
      5m 16s
    7. Creating a client-side XSL transformation
      2m 52s
    8. Styling a remote RSS feed
      7m 29s
    9. Creating a server-side XSL transformation
      5m 31s
    10. Writing XSL expressions
      6m 53s
  9. 1h 2m
    1. Overview of building dynamic websites
      1m 35s
    2. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Mac
      3m 22s
    3. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Windows
      3m 54s
    4. Creating a MySQL database
      3m 16s
    5. Defining a testing server and database bindings
      6m 14s
    6. Creating a database recordset
      4m 35s
    7. Adding dynamic content to the page
      5m 14s
    8. Creating repeating regions of dynamic content
      7m 6s
    9. Filtering database records
      7m 39s
    10. Using the Live Preview
      10m 22s
    11. Passing URL parameters
      4m 23s
    12. Dynamically generating links
      5m 18s
  10. 57m 9s
    1. Understanding behaviors
      5m 16s
    2. Installing additional behaviors
      3m 39s
    3. Planning to create a custom behavior
      3m 42s
    4. Examining existing behaviors
      5m 32s
    5. Building a behavior function
      7m 23s
    6. Creating an Action file
      6m 48s
    7. Enabling behavior functions
      9m 1s
    8. Initializing the user interface for a behavior
      3m 9s
    9. Loading behaviors in Dreamweaver
      6m 47s
    10. Testing and debugging behaviors
      5m 52s
  11. 27m 12s
    1. Running reports
      7m 41s
    2. Checking and validating links
      3m 40s
    3. Using cloaking
      5m 42s
    4. Using Check In/Check Out
      4m 3s
    5. Using Design Notes
      6m 6s
  12. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
11h 10m Intermediate Sep 21, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Covering diverse topics such as improving workflow and managing CSS styles, Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics is a hands-on course that teaches users how to move beyond standard, static websites. Instructor James Williamson explores how to increase productivity, interactivity, and accessibility with Dreamweaver. He also discusses how to extend the application's capabilities with XML and XSL. Exercise files accompany the tutorials.

Topics include:
  • Reviewing and customizing the coding toolbar
  • Understanding the CSS Styles panel
  • Using absolute and relative positioning
  • Creating accessible forms
  • Building AJAX pages with the Spry framework
  • Extending templates
  • Working with XML and XSL
  • Building dynamic content
  • Creating custom behaviors in Dreamweaver
  • Running reports
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Building structure and assigning IDs

We now turn our attention to structuring our Cheek Chastain Gallery site. So I am working on the index_start example file and you can find that in the Chapter 3 Example Files folder. Currently, the page is just raw content. There is no styling or structure to it at all. As I scroll down, it's just raw XHTML. Now, there is nothing necessarily wrong with that per say. But if I switch over to Code view, you will note that there is really nothing in the code to really identify any of the areas of the content. Some of the tags do have IDs already assigned to them, but for the most part, there are no divs that help structure our content. There is nothing really there to describe to the end user what any of the stuff is. So above and beyond the need to structure our content so that we can control layout, we need to add some structure here so that the content is correctly represented in terms of what it is. So what we'll do now is we will begin to wrap this content in div tags and will assign IDs to the div tags to give that structure that we were just talking about. Now, normally if you are starting out with a blank page, you just go and you just start coding the div tags. You know where they are going to be, you know who is who, so you just began start creating them and then you put content inside of the them.

Here, we are kind of working backwards and I don't really like using the term backwards, because this is actually fairly common too. People will go ahead and put all their content on the page and then they structure it. So, whichever way you like to work is fine. It's just a personal preference. What I am going to do is I'll start off in Design mode and click anywhere on the page that doesn't matter. What you want to do is your Tag Selector at the bottom left-hand corner to select the body tag, and that highlights everything. Well, we are going to use this really neat little tool in our Insert Objects panel, and you can find that at very top, if you have it open, and we can switch between our Common objects and our Layout objects because they both have this icon on it. And the Insert Div Tag icon looks like a little newspaper that you might want to read in. What's great about this is that not only does it insert a div tag, it gives us a lot of options about where that div tag is going to go and how it affects contents. So if I click on that, it brings up the dialog box, Insert Div Tag. Notice that we have the option to wrap around the current selection, place it before a specific tag, after the start of the tag, before the end of the tag, or after a specific tag. So you really can use this to position a div tag around any content or precisely in any specific location.

Well, we selected all that content for a reason. So we are going to wrap it around the selection. We could go ahead and assign that class and we can also go ahead and assign it an ID. This time we want to assign it an ID, and we are going to give it the ID of wrapper, so go ahead and change that. The other options that this gives us at this point is if we don't have an existing style for this, which we don't, and if we want to create it now, we can simply click the New CSS Style icon. That would either prompt us to create a new external style sheet or we can go ahead and add it to an existing style sheet.

This would actually allow us to not only create the div tag, wrap it around content, assign it an ID, but also write the style at the same time. That's a lot of power in one place. So even though this is done in Design view, it's really, really very powerful. And we are going to write our styles later so we'll ignore the New CSS Style button for right now and we'll just click OK. Now some of you may have noticed that we had the body tag selected and you may have gotten really nervous about wrapping a div tag around the current selection because we had the body tag selected. So did we actually put a div tag all the way around our body tag? Well, let's go to Code view and find out.

I am going to switch over to Code view and you can see no, right there on line number 9. There is the body tag and inside of that is the wrapper div tag. Well, Dreamweaver is very smart. It knows that the body tag is the parent element tag. So it won't let you actually wrap a div tag around it, at least it won't do it for you. If you want to go ahead and try it, it will let you do it. But if you automate the process like that, it knows that the div tag is supposed to go inside the body tag. So that's why we say first to go ahead and use the tag selector to do that. So now that we have got the wrapper around all of our content, we need to go ahead and wrap div tags around the remaining sections of the content: our header, our content, our sidebar and our footer.

Now we are going to do this in a Code view because when you are in Design view and you are highlighting text or images or different elements, you might actually get the starting tag of something, but maybe not the end tag of it. So your div tag could be positioned in the wrong place and we don't want to do that. So we'll start at the top of our code and we'll highlight the h1, it has Welcome to Cheek Chastain Gallery, and our header contains not only the heading, but it also contains the unordered list as our navigation. So you can notice that I am highlighting all the way down through the unordered list.

The image that is the featured image that goes with our Feature section and that's inside the contents. So we don't want that to be part of it. So just highlight the heading 1 and the unordered list. Now, you will notice that I still have the ability to go up and insert a div tag and that will be easy enough to do. But since we are in Code view, it's just as easy to use our Code toolbar. I'll go over here to our Quick Tag editor and hit Wrap Tag and I'll type in

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