Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
Illustration by John Hersey

Building smartphone layouts


Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

with Joseph Lowery

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Video: Building smartphone layouts

So far in this chapter we've set up the necessary infrastructure for handling a key component of our responsive website, media queries, and retrofitted our Desktop design to look better on our tablet in portrait orientation. Along the way, we also made video sizing responsive. In this lesson, we'll set up the rules for a more radical redesign to fit the smaller screen size for phones. To get a sense of what we're going for, let's take a look at the blog_comp in a phone size screen.
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  1. 4m 7s
    1. Welcome
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 54s
    3. A word about updates
      1m 15s
  2. 15m 28s
    1. Overview
      1m 51s
    2. Creating the database and the initial site
      3m 45s
    3. Configuring WordPress
      5m 54s
    4. Establishing a Dreamweaver site
      3m 58s
  3. 20m 18s
    1. Accessing dynamically related files
      4m 12s
    2. Filtering files
      4m 20s
    3. Following links
      4m 15s
    4. Employing Live Code
      2m 54s
    5. Enabling site-specific code hinting
      4m 37s
  4. 21m 8s
    1. Adding blog posts
      4m 55s
    2. Editing blog posts
      3m 20s
    3. Adding new pages
      2m 59s
    4. Including images
      6m 59s
    5. Adding videos to posts
      2m 55s
  5. 18m 12s
    1. Understanding WordPress structure
      3m 52s
    2. Activating a theme
      7m 21s
    3. Setting up a child theme
      6m 59s
  6. 1h 29m
    1. Updating the page structure and the background
      12m 53s
    2. Working with web fonts
      4m 3s
    3. Styling a header
      11m 48s
    4. Adding header functions
      7m 40s
    5. Setting up content columns
      10m 9s
    6. Changing the main content
      5m 17s
    7. Managing the content code
      4m 48s
    8. Customizing the sidebar
      10m 32s
    9. Styling search
      7m 8s
    10. Working with search text
      5m 49s
    11. Integrating the footer
      9m 40s
  7. 27m 18s
    1. Setting up media queries
      6m 12s
    2. Customizing for tablets
      12m 19s
    3. Building smartphone layouts
      8m 47s
  8. 23m 28s
    1. Working with categories and posts
      5m 31s
    2. Developing category-driven pages
      11m 22s
    3. Changing headers by category
      6m 35s
  9. 36m 32s
    1. Adding Spry accordion panels
      17m 44s
    2. Working with Spry form validation
      11m 56s
    3. Integrating jQuery functionality
      6m 52s
  10. 11m 7s
    1. Understanding WordPress plugins
      6m 20s
    2. Styling plugin output
      4m 47s
  11. 25m 44s
    1. Customizing the Dashboard
      6m 52s
    2. Working with WordPress functions
      8m 7s
    3. Including administration interactivity
      10m 45s
  12. 13m 10s
    1. Setting up the data in WordPress
      2m 17s
    2. Adding dynamic data from WordPress to your web pages
      10m 53s
  13. 11m 38s
    1. Modifying general settings
      4m 12s
    2. Setting up users
      3m 11s
    3. Restricting access to specific WordPress pages
      4m 15s
  14. 26m 38s
    1. Exporting and importing WordPress files
      7m 9s
    2. Backing up and restoring the database
      8m 10s
    3. Transferring files
      6m 3s
    4. Testing and fine-tuning
      5m 16s
  15. 18s
    1. Next steps

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Watch the Online Video Course Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
5h 44m Intermediate May 27, 2010 Updated Oct 23, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, author Joseph Lowery shows how to combine the utility of WordPress and the power of Adobe Dreamweaver to transition existing websites to the WordPress platform. The course demonstrates how to create new blog posts and pages, customize WordPress themes, and extend WordPress editable pages from within Dreamweaver. It also covers how to add Spry elements, add and customize plugins, and enhance WordPress-stored content with Dreamweaver's dynamic pages. Plus, a chapter on responsive design shows how you can adapt your layouts for tablets and mobile devices.

Topics include:
  • Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
  • Applying WordPress themes
  • Customizing themes
  • Adding Spry widgets
  • Adding WordPress dynamic data
  • Populating the WordPress database
  • Publishing a WordPress site
Dreamweaver WordPress
Joseph Lowery

Building smartphone layouts

So far in this chapter we've set up the necessary infrastructure for handling a key component of our responsive website, media queries, and retrofitted our Desktop design to look better on our tablet in portrait orientation. Along the way, we also made video sizing responsive. In this lesson, we'll set up the rules for a more radical redesign to fit the smaller screen size for phones. To get a sense of what we're going for, let's take a look at the blog_comp in a phone size screen.

Unlike the tablet screen size icon, the phone screen size icon uses a 480-pixel width. So we'll have to use our Window size menu here in order to choose a 320x480 Smart Phone. As you can see, the header area is completely reshaped, the background image is gone and the navigation is now vertical rather than horizontal. The remainder of the layout has been linearized into a single column, with the main content coming first, followed by what was previously the sidebar, and then the footer.

There is a fair amount of work ahead, about dozen CSS rules in all, so let's get going. As we did with a tablet, we'll build up the CSS from scratch rather than crib from the blog_comp. So with index.php from the blog folder open, I've already discovered the related files, and by using the custom folder feature, restricted the available files to style.css. So let's switch to the roux theme style.css, and let's scroll up to the Phone media query.

The first rule will reduce the overall width for both the body and the outerWrapper div to 310 pixels. Why 310 instead of 320? Well, I like to leave a little room for the inevitable vertical scrollbar, as well as giving a bit of margin, so the site isn't hugging the screen edges, which we can share evenly centering the content through a margin equals zero auto declaration. So we'll enter in our selectors of body, #outerWrapper and then put in our open and closing curly braces and the width property followed by the value of 310 pixels, and then we'll set the margin to 0 auto, which as I said will center the content.

Now it's time to remove the headers background image and set up the brown color in the blogHeader. So .blogHeader, and we'll use the background property to handle both of these chores. First I'll set the color to a value I've already noted down, rgba, and within that, the values (65,64,66, and then the opacity, which I'll have at 1 so that it's fully opaque.

Next we want to deal with the URL, which previously applied our faux column image, and we'll set that to none. So url parenthesis, none, close parenthesis, add a semicolon. Before we take a look and see how the things are going, let's go ahead and whip the navigation into shape. This will take four different rules working from the outside in, all of them using the pageHeader class. So pageHeader nav. We'll set that width to 160 pixels, since that starts after the logo, and we want to get rid of any background.

Next, let's put in our pageHeader ul selector and here we're going to move the unordered list over to the right a little bit by putting in a margin-left property with the value of 40 pixels. That will move it past the logo. Next, pageHeader li for list item. To convert an unordered list which is normally vertical to a horizontal, we use a float-left property.

We want to get rid of that, so we'll enter in float: none. And to separate the various navigation items, we previously had a margin-right value of 25 or 40 pixels, let's reduce that value to 0. Finally, let's adjust the height of the pageHeader anchor tags. So we'll set the line-height property to 25, and that will tighten up the navigation quite a bit. Okay, I am going to go ahead and save my stylesheet and go into Design view.

Now let's go to my Smart Phone size, and there you can see my revised header. I've gotten rid of the background image, and I've converted the unordered list navigation items from horizontal to vertical and brought them a little bit tighter. They still have a rollover effect that fits in nicely with the rest of the site. We're ready to move on to the content area, and since we're linearizing the content in sidebar, we'll toss out that faux column background and reset the width.

The way this page is set up, we also need to change the width of the content area, so we can group these selectors. The selector that held the faux column background image is a content wrap, and we want to address as I said our content area as well. So with those two selectors in play, let's set the background to none and the width to 310 pixels to keep that all uniform. Let's add a little padding to that content area to make it more readable now.

So I'll add 16 pixels to the top and bottom and 10 pixels to left right. Next, let's downscale that really big h1 tag. It was--originally the h1 was set at 2.8 ems, we reduced that to 1.8 ems for the tablet. Now let's go down to 1.4 ems for the phone. All right, let's get a little gratification here, I'll click Refresh and then scroll this down a little bit so we can check out how our content is working.

Looks like we could probably bring down the h2 tags, and everything else is looking okay. Let me see what that h2 tag is right now, so it's at 1.5 em. Yeah, we definitely don't want it bigger than the h1. So I am going to make that content h2, and we'll change that font-size to 1.2 ems, that's nicer.

Time to work on the sidebar, so as we scroll down let's see where we're at now. Well, as you can see, the background color that's seen in both the tablet and desktop versions was provided by--as you recall-- a faux column background graphic, which is now gone, so we're going to need to specify that directly, and while we're at it, let's specify the same width as elsewhere. So the sidebar is contained within a class called widget-area, so widget-area, and we'll set that background color to the same purple that we see everywhere and those values are (168,88,163,1) of course, you could sample this if you wanted to, didn't know what the values were.

And as I said, we also want to bring in the width, and let's make that 310 pixels. Let's Refresh the page and everything is beginning to shape up nicely. Finally, we need to address the footer, and all we need to do is adjust the padding on the footer's columns. So I'll create a new rule footer space and then the class of col for column, and we'll set that padding-left to 20 pixels.

So we'll save our style.css, go to Design view, we could see the footer has shift over, and now we have a nice single column layout now for the phone, and let's go up to our tablet size and our tablet is working nicely, everything visible and in place. And if we go up to full size, that's working as well for a completely responsive WordPress blog design.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts .

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Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:

Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:

  1. From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
  2. Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
    Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
  3.  Enter the following: mysql -u root
  4. The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
  5. Enter the following:
    SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
    - replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use. 
  6. Close the CMD window.
Setting the password in the phpMyAdmin config file:
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the config.inc.php file. Here's how:
  1. In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin3.2.0.1 (version number may vary). 
  2. Open the file config.inc.php in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
  3. Locate the following line:
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
  4. Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
  5. Save the file.
  6. From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
  7. To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.

Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
Q:  In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.

If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.

Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
  1. Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
  2. Choose phpMyAdmin.
  3. When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
  4. Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
  5. Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
  6. Scroll down to the Change Password section.
  7. Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
  8. Click Go in the lower-right corner.
Now follow the rest of the steps in "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows" video, starting at the 4:13 mark. This is where you use a text editor to make a change in the config.inc PHP file and restart all WampServer services when you're done.
Q:  I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
A:  You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.
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