Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Building smartphone layouts

From: Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

Video: Building smartphone layouts

So far in this chapter we've set up the necessary infrastructure for handling a key component of our responsive website, media queries, and retrofitted our Desktop design to look better on our tablet in portrait orientation. Along the way, we also made video sizing responsive. In this lesson, we'll set up the rules for a more radical redesign to fit the smaller screen size for phones. To get a sense of what we're going for, let's take a look at the blog_comp in a phone size screen.

Building smartphone layouts

So far in this chapter we've set up the necessary infrastructure for handling a key component of our responsive website, media queries, and retrofitted our Desktop design to look better on our tablet in portrait orientation. Along the way, we also made video sizing responsive. In this lesson, we'll set up the rules for a more radical redesign to fit the smaller screen size for phones. To get a sense of what we're going for, let's take a look at the blog_comp in a phone size screen.

Unlike the tablet screen size icon, the phone screen size icon uses a 480-pixel width. So we'll have to use our Window size menu here in order to choose a 320x480 Smart Phone. As you can see, the header area is completely reshaped, the background image is gone and the navigation is now vertical rather than horizontal. The remainder of the layout has been linearized into a single column, with the main content coming first, followed by what was previously the sidebar, and then the footer.

There is a fair amount of work ahead, about dozen CSS rules in all, so let's get going. As we did with a tablet, we'll build up the CSS from scratch rather than crib from the blog_comp. So with index.php from the blog folder open, I've already discovered the related files, and by using the custom folder feature, restricted the available files to style.css. So let's switch to the roux theme style.css, and let's scroll up to the Phone media query.

The first rule will reduce the overall width for both the body and the outerWrapper div to 310 pixels. Why 310 instead of 320? Well, I like to leave a little room for the inevitable vertical scrollbar, as well as giving a bit of margin, so the site isn't hugging the screen edges, which we can share evenly centering the content through a margin equals zero auto declaration. So we'll enter in our selectors of body, #outerWrapper and then put in our open and closing curly braces and the width property followed by the value of 310 pixels, and then we'll set the margin to 0 auto, which as I said will center the content.

Now it's time to remove the headers background image and set up the brown color in the blogHeader. So .blogHeader, and we'll use the background property to handle both of these chores. First I'll set the color to a value I've already noted down, rgba, and within that, the values (65,64,66, and then the opacity, which I'll have at 1 so that it's fully opaque.

Next we want to deal with the URL, which previously applied our faux column image, and we'll set that to none. So url parenthesis, none, close parenthesis, add a semicolon. Before we take a look and see how the things are going, let's go ahead and whip the navigation into shape. This will take four different rules working from the outside in, all of them using the pageHeader class. So pageHeader nav. We'll set that width to 160 pixels, since that starts after the logo, and we want to get rid of any background.

Next, let's put in our pageHeader ul selector and here we're going to move the unordered list over to the right a little bit by putting in a margin-left property with the value of 40 pixels. That will move it past the logo. Next, pageHeader li for list item. To convert an unordered list which is normally vertical to a horizontal, we use a float-left property.

We want to get rid of that, so we'll enter in float: none. And to separate the various navigation items, we previously had a margin-right value of 25 or 40 pixels, let's reduce that value to 0. Finally, let's adjust the height of the pageHeader anchor tags. So we'll set the line-height property to 25, and that will tighten up the navigation quite a bit. Okay, I am going to go ahead and save my stylesheet and go into Design view.

Now let's go to my Smart Phone size, and there you can see my revised header. I've gotten rid of the background image, and I've converted the unordered list navigation items from horizontal to vertical and brought them a little bit tighter. They still have a rollover effect that fits in nicely with the rest of the site. We're ready to move on to the content area, and since we're linearizing the content in sidebar, we'll toss out that faux column background and reset the width.

The way this page is set up, we also need to change the width of the content area, so we can group these selectors. The selector that held the faux column background image is a content wrap, and we want to address as I said our content area as well. So with those two selectors in play, let's set the background to none and the width to 310 pixels to keep that all uniform. Let's add a little padding to that content area to make it more readable now.

So I'll add 16 pixels to the top and bottom and 10 pixels to left right. Next, let's downscale that really big h1 tag. It was--originally the h1 was set at 2.8 ems, we reduced that to 1.8 ems for the tablet. Now let's go down to 1.4 ems for the phone. All right, let's get a little gratification here, I'll click Refresh and then scroll this down a little bit so we can check out how our content is working.

Looks like we could probably bring down the h2 tags, and everything else is looking okay. Let me see what that h2 tag is right now, so it's at 1.5 em. Yeah, we definitely don't want it bigger than the h1. So I am going to make that content h2, and we'll change that font-size to 1.2 ems, that's nicer.

Time to work on the sidebar, so as we scroll down let's see where we're at now. Well, as you can see, the background color that's seen in both the tablet and desktop versions was provided by--as you recall-- a faux column background graphic, which is now gone, so we're going to need to specify that directly, and while we're at it, let's specify the same width as elsewhere. So the sidebar is contained within a class called widget-area, so widget-area, and we'll set that background color to the same purple that we see everywhere and those values are (168,88,163,1) of course, you could sample this if you wanted to, didn't know what the values were.

And as I said, we also want to bring in the width, and let's make that 310 pixels. Let's Refresh the page and everything is beginning to shape up nicely. Finally, we need to address the footer, and all we need to do is adjust the padding on the footer's columns. So I'll create a new rule footer space and then the class of col for column, and we'll set that padding-left to 20 pixels.

So we'll save our style.css, go to Design view, we could see the footer has shift over, and now we have a nice single column layout now for the phone, and let's go up to our tablet size and our tablet is working nicely, everything visible and in place. And if we go up to full size, that's working as well for a completely responsive WordPress blog design.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

55 video lessons · 51364 viewers

Joseph Lowery
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 7s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 54s
    3. A word about updates
      1m 15s
  2. 15m 28s
    1. Overview
      1m 51s
    2. Creating the database and the initial site
      3m 45s
    3. Configuring WordPress
      5m 54s
    4. Establishing a Dreamweaver site
      3m 58s
  3. 20m 18s
    1. Accessing dynamically related files
      4m 12s
    2. Filtering files
      4m 20s
    3. Following links
      4m 15s
    4. Employing Live Code
      2m 54s
    5. Enabling site-specific code hinting
      4m 37s
  4. 21m 8s
    1. Adding blog posts
      4m 55s
    2. Editing blog posts
      3m 20s
    3. Adding new pages
      2m 59s
    4. Including images
      6m 59s
    5. Adding videos to posts
      2m 55s
  5. 18m 12s
    1. Understanding WordPress structure
      3m 52s
    2. Activating a theme
      7m 21s
    3. Setting up a child theme
      6m 59s
  6. 1h 29m
    1. Updating the page structure and the background
      12m 53s
    2. Working with web fonts
      4m 3s
    3. Styling a header
      11m 48s
    4. Adding header functions
      7m 40s
    5. Setting up content columns
      10m 9s
    6. Changing the main content
      5m 17s
    7. Managing the content code
      4m 48s
    8. Customizing the sidebar
      10m 32s
    9. Styling search
      7m 8s
    10. Working with search text
      5m 49s
    11. Integrating the footer
      9m 40s
  7. 27m 18s
    1. Setting up media queries
      6m 12s
    2. Customizing for tablets
      12m 19s
    3. Building smartphone layouts
      8m 47s
  8. 23m 28s
    1. Working with categories and posts
      5m 31s
    2. Developing category-driven pages
      11m 22s
    3. Changing headers by category
      6m 35s
  9. 36m 32s
    1. Adding Spry accordion panels
      17m 44s
    2. Working with Spry form validation
      11m 56s
    3. Integrating jQuery functionality
      6m 52s
  10. 11m 7s
    1. Understanding WordPress plugins
      6m 20s
    2. Styling plugin output
      4m 47s
  11. 25m 44s
    1. Customizing the Dashboard
      6m 52s
    2. Working with WordPress functions
      8m 7s
    3. Including administration interactivity
      10m 45s
  12. 13m 10s
    1. Setting up the data in WordPress
      2m 17s
    2. Adding dynamic data from WordPress to your web pages
      10m 53s
  13. 11m 38s
    1. Modifying general settings
      4m 12s
    2. Setting up users
      3m 11s
    3. Restricting access to specific WordPress pages
      4m 15s
  14. 26m 38s
    1. Exporting and importing WordPress files
      7m 9s
    2. Backing up and restoring the database
      8m 10s
    3. Transferring files
      6m 3s
    4. Testing and fine-tuning
      5m 16s
  15. 18s
    1. Next steps
      18s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.