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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document


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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

with James Williamson

Video: Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document

So we have started our XSL transfer sheet and we have pulled in our XML data, we can see that in our Bindings panel and on the actual page itself. We have typed in a few placeholders. Show Type, the Date, Artist Name, Show Title and this is the information that we want to display. Now what's really happening here is that remember we formatted Show Type as a Heading 1 and we formatted the line underneath that as a Heading 2. So we are passing along information to XSL and tell it how we want our XML information to display. So the resulting output of this transfer will be XHTML and we have finished up explaining to it how this XHTL should be formatted.
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 1h 23m
    1. Reviewing the Coding toolbar
      8m 42s
    2. Customizing the Coding toolbar
      9m 52s
    3. Taking advantage of Code Hinting
      7m 20s
    4. Using snippets and shortcuts
      11m 10s
    5. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      5m 18s
    6. Using Find and Replace
      9m 50s
    7. Regular expressions
      5m 39s
    8. Using Bridge with Dreamweaver CS3
      8m 28s
    9. Round-trip editing with Photoshop CS3
      3m 40s
    10. Leveraging image variables in Photoshop CS3
      7m 32s
    11. Integrating external variables into your workflow
      6m 16s
  3. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding the CSS Styles panel
      7m 59s
    2. Understanding the Cascade
      5m 50s
    3. Understanding Inheritance
      5m 8s
    4. Understanding Specificity
      7m 5s
    5. Managing CSS styles
      5m 4s
    6. Using Design-Time style sheets
      6m 20s
  4. 2h 19m
    1. Using the new CSS template pages
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding DIV tag structure and layout
      12m 0s
    3. Understanding the CSS box model
      10m 0s
    4. Using absolute and relative positioning
      8m 35s
    5. Understanding floating elements
      7m 9s
    6. Clearing floats
      7m 19s
    7. Using floats to control page layout
      3m 45s
    8. Building structure and assigning IDs
      10m 19s
    9. Applying basic styling to structured content
      11m 14s
    10. Positioning container elements
      11m 4s
    11. Enhancing layouts with background graphics
      11m 48s
    12. Creating faux columns with background graphics
      8m 55s
    13. Creating rounded corners with background graphics
      9m 17s
    14. Building navigation with CSS
      16m 57s
    15. Using Dreamweaver's Browser Check feature
      5m 31s
  5. 53m 22s
    1. Creating properly structured forms
      6m 30s
    2. Creating accessible forms
      6m 41s
    3. Using CSS to lay out form structure
      7m 40s
    4. Creating vertical columns for form elements
      7m 48s
    5. Adding user feedback
      5m 52s
    6. Applying advanced styling to forms
      8m 11s
    7. Client-side form validation
      4m 17s
    8. Validating forms with the Spry Validation tools
      6m 23s
  6. 1h 20m
    1. Understanding the Spry framework
      3m 43s
    2. Defining a data source for use in Spry
      3m 56s
    3. Creating a Spry table
      8m 8s
    4. Using the Spry widgets
      8m 11s
    5. Connecting various data sets
      4m 50s
    6. Understanding Spry widget structures
      7m 1s
    7. Applying custom styles to Spry widgets
      6m 24s
    8. Applying additional custom styles to Spry widgets
      8m 46s
    9. Controlling Spry widget behaviors with JavaScript
      6m 0s
    10. Controlling Spry widget animations with JavaScript
      9m 31s
    11. Creating effects with Spry behaviors
      4m 42s
    12. Hand-coding Spry
      9m 11s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Creating a base template
      8m 6s
    2. Creating editable attributes
      6m 26s
    3. Creating a new page from a template
      7m 42s
    4. Applying a template to an existing page
      4m 36s
    5. Creating nested templates
      5m 24s
    6. Using repeating regions
      6m 34s
    7. Creating editable and non-editable optional regions
      6m 0s
    8. Using template parameters
      7m 26s
    9. Using template expressions
      9m 59s
    10. Using conditional template expressions
      8m 54s
  8. 54m 40s
    1. Examining XML structure
      2m 44s
    2. Creating an XML document
      9m 9s
    3. Using the CDATA structure
      5m 7s
    4. Creating an XSLT file
      4m 33s
    5. Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document
      5m 6s
    6. Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document
      5m 16s
    7. Creating a client-side XSL transformation
      2m 52s
    8. Styling a remote RSS feed
      7m 29s
    9. Creating a server-side XSL transformation
      5m 31s
    10. Writing XSL expressions
      6m 53s
  9. 1h 2m
    1. Overview of building dynamic websites
      1m 35s
    2. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Mac
      3m 22s
    3. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Windows
      3m 54s
    4. Creating a MySQL database
      3m 16s
    5. Defining a testing server and database bindings
      6m 14s
    6. Creating a database recordset
      4m 35s
    7. Adding dynamic content to the page
      5m 14s
    8. Creating repeating regions of dynamic content
      7m 6s
    9. Filtering database records
      7m 39s
    10. Using the Live Preview
      10m 22s
    11. Passing URL parameters
      4m 23s
    12. Dynamically generating links
      5m 18s
  10. 57m 9s
    1. Understanding behaviors
      5m 16s
    2. Installing additional behaviors
      3m 39s
    3. Planning to create a custom behavior
      3m 42s
    4. Examining existing behaviors
      5m 32s
    5. Building a behavior function
      7m 23s
    6. Creating an Action file
      6m 48s
    7. Enabling behavior functions
      9m 1s
    8. Initializing the user interface for a behavior
      3m 9s
    9. Loading behaviors in Dreamweaver
      6m 47s
    10. Testing and debugging behaviors
      5m 52s
  11. 27m 12s
    1. Running reports
      7m 41s
    2. Checking and validating links
      3m 40s
    3. Using cloaking
      5m 42s
    4. Using Check In/Check Out
      4m 3s
    5. Using Design Notes
      6m 6s
  12. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics
11h 10m Intermediate Sep 21, 2007

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Covering diverse topics such as improving workflow and managing CSS styles, Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics is a hands-on course that teaches users how to move beyond standard, static websites. Instructor James Williamson explores how to increase productivity, interactivity, and accessibility with Dreamweaver. He also discusses how to extend the application's capabilities with XML and XSL. Exercise files accompany the tutorials.

Topics include:
  • Reviewing and customizing the coding toolbar
  • Understanding the CSS Styles panel
  • Using absolute and relative positioning
  • Creating accessible forms
  • Building AJAX pages with the Spry framework
  • Extending templates
  • Working with XML and XSL
  • Building dynamic content
  • Creating custom behaviors in Dreamweaver
  • Running reports
Subject:
Web
Software:
Dreamweaver
Author:
James Williamson

Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document

So we have started our XSL transfer sheet and we have pulled in our XML data, we can see that in our Bindings panel and on the actual page itself. We have typed in a few placeholders. Show Type, the Date, Artist Name, Show Title and this is the information that we want to display. Now what's really happening here is that remember we formatted Show Type as a Heading 1 and we formatted the line underneath that as a Heading 2. So we are passing along information to XSL and tell it how we want our XML information to display. So the resulting output of this transfer will be XHTML and we have finished up explaining to it how this XHTL should be formatted.

So now we are ready to go ahead and bind the data from the external XML file into our XHTML element. So let's go ahead and start doing that. So I am going to highlight the text Show Type and I am going to go over to my Bindings panel and I am going to find the element that corresponds to that. Now I don't want to click on the Show Type tag. I want to actually click on the Type Attribute for the Show Type tag. I will double-click on that and what happens is Show Type was replaced with the actual XPath syntax that describes the location of that data. So we are going to see where the gallery shows Show Type and then the Type Attribute. Notice also that it's surrounded by curly braces. Well, that's very, very simple to do. So I am going to highlight date, find the Date attribute underneath Show, double-click on that. I will highlight artist name and find the Artist Name attribute and double-click that. I will find Show Title, go over to the actual Show Name attribute and I would double-click that as well.

Now you can also drag and drop if double-clicking isn't working for you. So I am going to highlight the words description, I will find the description tag and I will actually drag that over my highlighted text and I can see that that's replaced as well. So whichever method you like, whether you like double-clicking, dragging and dropping, whatever works for you. So I am going to highlight painting name and I will go to my painting tag and again I will double-click the Name attribute and it will add that as well. So I am going to save the file. We are almost done with our initial transformation, but we have got one more element that we haven't placed on the page yet and that we don't have a placeholder for it, and that's the image. So we have a thumbnail image that's going to show up next to the description of the show. But we don't have a placeholder for that. We certainly could have placed one. Dreamweaver does an image placeholder, but it's easier for us just go ahead and insert the image on the page.

So what I am going to do is select my description and hit the left arrow key here and that's going to place my cursor immediately beside that particular information, and I will go up to my Common Objects. In my Common Objects, I am going to grab the Images menu and I will choose image and we will insert an image on the page. Now instead of browsing for an image, this time I am going to go down to the bottom of this dialog box and click on the Data Sources button. Now on the PC you would find the Data Source Radio button at the top of the Import to Select Image Source dialog box. So I will choose Data Sources and from my data source, I am going to scroll down until I find image > url. So I will select that, click OK and my Alt text comes up. This really doesn't have anything to do with XSL or Binding; this is all about accessibility. So I am just going to type in the text placeholder, because I do want Alt text, but there is no way here to actually bind this to my XML data in this dialog box. We will just click OK and now we have an icon over there just beside description of our dynamic image. So anytime you see that little logo with a lining bulb that means there is dynamic information going on.

Make sure that it's selected and switch over to Code View and let's see what it actually did. So we can see that our image source attribute has been changed and it contains our XPath information. So if I highlight my placeholder for my Alt text, I can go over to my Bindings panel and find the Image Title attribute because that's going to reflect our Alt text and I am just going to drag that over the placeholder and replace it. Now when you do that, be very careful, because you are highlighting code and you are replacing that code, you want to make sure that you have got exactly what you need highlighted and you want to make sure that the results are what you expect.

To that end, sometimes when you place this XPath data on the page, Dreamweaver doesn't always place the curly braces the way it's supposed to. So right before gallery shows, I am going to type in and opening curly brace, directly after it, I am going to type in a closing curly brace. So we will go ahead and save that. Now if I click back into Design View our initial set up is pretty much done. So we have saved our file and let's go ahead and preview that in our browser. When you preview this in the browser, it's actually previewing this using a temporary file. XSL transformation is by no means complete, but we can see what's happening. It says upcomingShows, there is the Date and name of the artist, and the Show itself. We can see a thumbnail image, a description of the text, a description of the Show and then Featured Work. So it's looking more and more like we need it to look.

So I am going to close this and we have a little bit of a problem here, and the problem is we want to show more than just the first show. Thee are four shows, we want all four to display. So in our next exercise we will take a look at creating repeating regions inside your XSL transfer sheets.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics.


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Q: In the Chapter 3 movie “Creating rounded corners with background graphics”, the instructor uses a .last class selector. What are the CSS properties of this selector?
A: The .last selector is as follows:
#current p.last{
background: url(../_images/current_btm_bg.gif) no-repeat bottom
left;
padding-bottom: 2em;
margin: 0;
}
The background is the bottom rounded corner graphic, the bottom padding keeps the type away from the bottom of the box and thus the rounded corners, and the margin ensures that the box elements fit seamlessly with each other.
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