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Applying custom styles to Spry widgets

From: Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

Video: Applying custom styles to Spry widgets

With our Accordion styles now added to our secondary styles, we can turn our attention to modifying the look and the feel of our widget. So in this exercise we are going to spend a good bit of time in our CSS. Now don't let that scare you because this is really a great way to get a feel for how our Accordion widget operates. So are going to switch over to shows_secondary.css. That is where we copied all of those Accordion widgets selectors in our last exercise. I am going to scroll up until I find the top of them. And that may take a while.

Applying custom styles to Spry widgets

With our Accordion styles now added to our secondary styles, we can turn our attention to modifying the look and the feel of our widget. So in this exercise we are going to spend a good bit of time in our CSS. Now don't let that scare you because this is really a great way to get a feel for how our Accordion widget operates. So are going to switch over to shows_secondary.css. That is where we copied all of those Accordion widgets selectors in our last exercise. I am going to scroll up until I find the top of them. And that may take a while.

Now the first thing we want to do-- we have a character set rule there. We really don't need because we are already telling it which encoding characters to use in a previous CSS files. So go ahead and get rid of that. All the SpryAccordion commenting, we are going to leave that. That is great information for you to read through as you're building your own Accordions and we just going to modify and to create some new styles and as we do that we will talk about these selectors and what they're controlling. So we're going to scroll down to find our first selector. The first selector is a generic selector is that is the Accordion selector.

Now if we look at our commenting above it, it is going to give some information about this and notice that it says "If you want to constrain the width of the Accordion widget, set a width on a Accordion container". By default an Accordion expands horizontally to fill up available space. If you want to make it a specific width you'll need to go ahead and-- you'll need to go ahead and define that here. So there is some great information here. Scroll down and we are going to find the AccordionpanelTab. We are going to modify this one a little bit. The first thing we have to change the background color. It is default background color and we want to use colors that we have already been using in our site. So, we are going to change this from #CCCCCC to #d8c296. That is one of the colors that we have been using. It's a light tan color and we are going to change the padding from 2 pixels to 4 pixels to give us a little bit of space around our element.

Now the next thing we want to do is actually add a few styles and we need to add a couple of styles that are going to be controlling our AccordionpanelTab information. So we are going to stay right below the AccordionpanelTab. We are going to sort of group these guys together. So now we need to create some new styles and we want to drive the content inside the tab and if you remember, we styled that content with an h4. So we just need to write some descendant selectors that are going to target our h4. So we go down below this rule and we will start another rule. We will keep all our AccordionpanelTab rules together. Just as we would if we were creating any other style sheet. So I will type in .AccordionpanelTab h4 and we will open up our curly brace and go down the next line. And first thing we will do is just go ahead and zero out the margin. And the next thing is we will throw in some padding.

Now we are going to use shorthand notation for our padding here. So we are going to pass in a value 2 pixels for the top value, 2 pixels for the right value, 4 pixels for the bottom value and then we are going to pass in 18 pixels for the left value and the reason we are doing that is that will push the text away from the left edge of the tab and we are giving it enough space there so we can put can background graphic to go along with our heading. So we go to the other next line and go ahead and define a font for it. We'll use the Font shorthand. We will pass along a size of 1em and then after that we will pass along the actual font of Trebuchet. I want just pass along that font family. Just use the font list that we edited earlier. So type in a semicolon there, go down the next line and we will pass in a background property and for our background we are just going to type in a U to trigger the URL code hinting. Click Enter and that allows us to browse.

We want to go in our image's directory and I will scroll down, and we will go ahead and find the tab_closed.gif. tab_closed and you can see a little preview over there, looks like a little plus symbol. So we will go ahead and choose that and then we need to pass in a few parameters to that. So after that we will type in no-repeat and then a space and left, another space and then 50%. So that will position it to left edge and center it vertically to 50%. That will be the end of that rule. So I will hit Enter and I will make sure it close my curly brace. And I scroll down a little bit and we are going to go ahead pass it in one more Accordianpanel style in.

This one is actually going to be triggered by a state of the Accordianpanel. So, if you remember the Static classes that we talked about in the previous exercise, the ones that you can't change its name unless you actually pass in a variable into the constructor functions. So we are going to take advantage of one of those. So type in .AccordionpanelOpen .AccordionpanelTab h4, and if there is any argument for renaming these, it is certainly not having to type them over and over again. So, we are going go down to the next line and here we are going to do just one property. I am going to assign a background property and we will assign a URL as well and we are going to browse to our images again and this time we are going to scroll down until we find the tab_opened. Go ahead and choose that.

That will pass in some parameters data as well. So no-repeat left and then again 50%. So it is going to be positioned in exactly the same spot. Go ahead and close your curly brace for that. So essentially what we have done here is we have styled our h4s and our tabs and we have given them a background graphic. Now, it is going to have a different background graphic based on whether the panel is closed or if the panel state reports as open. So as panels open and close, the background graphic is going to change here and give some user feedback. Let's save this file. Switch over to our current.htm and why don't we go ahead and test that in our browser? So this will open up in Firefox. I'm just going to scroll down.

Now note the initial state of our Accordion. The image is open and notice that it has the minus symbol beside it, whereas the Painting Information and the Note from the Artist have plus symbols. When I click on Painting Information, it changes. I'll click on a Note from the Artist, it changes as well. Now our styles aren't persisting and we are not quite finished with all of our styling yet, so why don't we closed the browser out and in our next exercise we will continue modifying our Accordion widget styles.

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This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS3 Beyond the Basics

102 video lessons · 38726 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 2m 3s
    1. Welcome
      1m 17s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 1h 23m
    1. Reviewing the Coding toolbar
      8m 42s
    2. Customizing the Coding toolbar
      9m 52s
    3. Taking advantage of Code Hinting
      7m 20s
    4. Using snippets and shortcuts
      11m 10s
    5. Using the Quick Tag Editor
      5m 18s
    6. Using Find and Replace
      9m 50s
    7. Regular expressions
      5m 39s
    8. Using Bridge with Dreamweaver CS3
      8m 28s
    9. Round-trip editing with Photoshop CS3
      3m 40s
    10. Leveraging image variables in Photoshop CS3
      7m 32s
    11. Integrating external variables into your workflow
      6m 16s
  3. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding the CSS Styles panel
      7m 59s
    2. Understanding the Cascade
      5m 50s
    3. Understanding Inheritance
      5m 8s
    4. Understanding Specificity
      7m 5s
    5. Managing CSS styles
      5m 4s
    6. Using Design-Time style sheets
      6m 20s
  4. 2h 19m
    1. Using the new CSS template pages
      5m 59s
    2. Understanding DIV tag structure and layout
      12m 0s
    3. Understanding the CSS box model
      10m 0s
    4. Using absolute and relative positioning
      8m 35s
    5. Understanding floating elements
      7m 9s
    6. Clearing floats
      7m 19s
    7. Using floats to control page layout
      3m 45s
    8. Building structure and assigning IDs
      10m 19s
    9. Applying basic styling to structured content
      11m 14s
    10. Positioning container elements
      11m 4s
    11. Enhancing layouts with background graphics
      11m 48s
    12. Creating faux columns with background graphics
      8m 55s
    13. Creating rounded corners with background graphics
      9m 17s
    14. Building navigation with CSS
      16m 57s
    15. Using Dreamweaver's Browser Check feature
      5m 31s
  5. 53m 22s
    1. Creating properly structured forms
      6m 30s
    2. Creating accessible forms
      6m 41s
    3. Using CSS to lay out form structure
      7m 40s
    4. Creating vertical columns for form elements
      7m 48s
    5. Adding user feedback
      5m 52s
    6. Applying advanced styling to forms
      8m 11s
    7. Client-side form validation
      4m 17s
    8. Validating forms with the Spry Validation tools
      6m 23s
  6. 1h 20m
    1. Understanding the Spry framework
      3m 43s
    2. Defining a data source for use in Spry
      3m 56s
    3. Creating a Spry table
      8m 8s
    4. Using the Spry widgets
      8m 11s
    5. Connecting various data sets
      4m 50s
    6. Understanding Spry widget structures
      7m 1s
    7. Applying custom styles to Spry widgets
      6m 24s
    8. Applying additional custom styles to Spry widgets
      8m 46s
    9. Controlling Spry widget behaviors with JavaScript
      6m 0s
    10. Controlling Spry widget animations with JavaScript
      9m 31s
    11. Creating effects with Spry behaviors
      4m 42s
    12. Hand-coding Spry
      9m 11s
  7. 1h 11m
    1. Creating a base template
      8m 6s
    2. Creating editable attributes
      6m 26s
    3. Creating a new page from a template
      7m 42s
    4. Applying a template to an existing page
      4m 36s
    5. Creating nested templates
      5m 24s
    6. Using repeating regions
      6m 34s
    7. Creating editable and non-editable optional regions
      6m 0s
    8. Using template parameters
      7m 26s
    9. Using template expressions
      9m 59s
    10. Using conditional template expressions
      8m 54s
  8. 54m 40s
    1. Examining XML structure
      2m 44s
    2. Creating an XML document
      9m 9s
    3. Using the CDATA structure
      5m 7s
    4. Creating an XSLT file
      4m 33s
    5. Binding data from an XML to an XSLT document
      5m 6s
    6. Inserting repeating regions into an XSL document
      5m 16s
    7. Creating a client-side XSL transformation
      2m 52s
    8. Styling a remote RSS feed
      7m 29s
    9. Creating a server-side XSL transformation
      5m 31s
    10. Writing XSL expressions
      6m 53s
  9. 1h 2m
    1. Overview of building dynamic websites
      1m 35s
    2. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Mac
      3m 22s
    3. Installing PHP, MySQL, and Apache on Windows
      3m 54s
    4. Creating a MySQL database
      3m 16s
    5. Defining a testing server and database bindings
      6m 14s
    6. Creating a database recordset
      4m 35s
    7. Adding dynamic content to the page
      5m 14s
    8. Creating repeating regions of dynamic content
      7m 6s
    9. Filtering database records
      7m 39s
    10. Using the Live Preview
      10m 22s
    11. Passing URL parameters
      4m 23s
    12. Dynamically generating links
      5m 18s
  10. 57m 9s
    1. Understanding behaviors
      5m 16s
    2. Installing additional behaviors
      3m 39s
    3. Planning to create a custom behavior
      3m 42s
    4. Examining existing behaviors
      5m 32s
    5. Building a behavior function
      7m 23s
    6. Creating an Action file
      6m 48s
    7. Enabling behavior functions
      9m 1s
    8. Initializing the user interface for a behavior
      3m 9s
    9. Loading behaviors in Dreamweaver
      6m 47s
    10. Testing and debugging behaviors
      5m 52s
  11. 27m 12s
    1. Running reports
      7m 41s
    2. Checking and validating links
      3m 40s
    3. Using cloaking
      5m 42s
    4. Using Check In/Check Out
      4m 3s
    5. Using Design Notes
      6m 6s
  12. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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