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Aligning text and images

From: Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

Video: Aligning text and images

Now that we've added some text and images to our page. Let's talk about we go about setting the alignment for the elements. I'm still working with the draft.html file that I've been working with for the past couple of movies, and I'm going to start by clicking my cursor into this paragraph here. First paragraph in the main text here, because before you can align anything you have to first select the item you want to align, and clicking inside a paragraph is the equivalent of selecting the entire paragraph when it comes to setting alignment. Notice that I have these alignment buttons down here in the properties and inspector, and they looked like just like the alignment button that you find in the standard word processor.

Aligning text and images

Now that we've added some text and images to our page. Let's talk about we go about setting the alignment for the elements. I'm still working with the draft.html file that I've been working with for the past couple of movies, and I'm going to start by clicking my cursor into this paragraph here. First paragraph in the main text here, because before you can align anything you have to first select the item you want to align, and clicking inside a paragraph is the equivalent of selecting the entire paragraph when it comes to setting alignment. Notice that I have these alignment buttons down here in the properties and inspector, and they looked like just like the alignment button that you find in the standard word processor.

Clicking each one will change the alignment of the paragraph. So, we have Align Left, which is the default alignment, whether you have an alignment button selected or not so you can see everything is aligned to the left there. We have Center, and I should just mention that you can click the alignment buttons on and off like so, we have center, we have Right, everything is aligned to the right now, and we have Justify, so now the text all lines up nicely to both edges of the box in which it's contained. So, it's just that easy to set the alignment. Now, keep in mind when you are aligning text you are always aligning the entire paragraph. You can't have just the first lines be Left align, and the next ones be Right aligned for example.

You can only have different alignments, if you have different paragraphs. If I wanted a second paragraph to have a different alignment, I'm free to do that just by clicking within it, and I can have that be Centered if I want to, or Right aligned, and is completely independent of the proceeding paragraph. Of course, if wanted all the paragraphs in this box to have the same alignment, which I most likely do I could select both paragraphs, and set their alignment simultaneously. If you are especially lazy, I mean efficient, you'll be happy to know that you don't have to select all the paragraphs in their entirety.

Just as long as your selection includes at least part of the paragraphs that you want to align, the alignment buttons will work. So, just for with the couple lines from both paragraphs selected there I can Left align, or Center, or Right, or Justify them both. Now, in the previous movie I talked about the difference between paragraph breaks, which is what you get when you press the Enter key while typing like we have here, and line breaks, which is what you get when you press Shift + Enter, which is like what we have here. I mention that {italic}Dreamweaver {plain}still considers text with line breaks to be a single paragraph, that means text down here where I have the navigation and in sight credit separated by line breaks, is considered a single paragraph and therefore can only have one alignment.

Whether I have my cursor on the top line of the bottom line, whether I Left, Center, or Right align them, notice that the alignment changes for both of those lines. Generally, you'll want text with line breaks to share a single alignment anyway, and when we're talking about aligning text or images, the kind of unspoken question is, what are you aligning to? The answer is, that you are aligning your text or images to whatever is containing them. If you open a new blank page and type some text, that text is going to be aligned to the left and right borders of the page itself, because it is not contained in anything else.

But, on this example page we are using everything is contained within boxes, so the text and images aligned to the boxes edges. For example, the four images that we put up here are contained within this colored box here. If I click next to them and put my cursor there, I can set their alignments within this box by clicking Left, Center, Right, or even Justify it again, and we'll just Center those. So, that's aligning text and images. Now, bear in mind that this is only one basic method of sending alignments, we'll be learning other methods a little later, including how to set vertical alignments, because you might have noticed that we've only been playing with Left, Center, Right and Justified, but not say, top, middle and bottom alignments, but don't worry will definitely get to that.

Lastly, I want to point out that while you play around and experiment with alignments, {italic}Dreamweaver {plain}is quickly and invisibly writing and re-writing the necessary code to display your text or images in the alignment that you want. Let's switch over to Code view and take a look at this. Notice it does so by adding the align attribute to the paragraph tags here, or in the case of the text with the line breaks down here we have a div tag that has the align="center" attribute applied to it. Every time you make alignment change {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} re-writes that code. It's nice to know that you can play around as much as you like while {italic}Dreamweaver {plain}seamlessly handles all the behind the scenes stuff for you. Let's save this page and move on the next movie.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

129 video lessons · 86864 viewers

Garrick Chow
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 12s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
  2. 21m 0s
    1. HTML vs. XHTML
      3m 4s
    2. What is CSS?
      3m 48s
    3. What is XML?
      2m 11s
    4. What is DHTML?
      1m 9s
    5. What is JavaScript?
      1m 23s
    6. File naming conventions
      3m 22s
    7. What is an index page?
      6m 3s
  3. 46m 18s
    1. Setting up your workspace
      2m 39s
    2. The Welcome screen
      4m 11s
    3. Windows and Mac differences
      3m 18s
    4. The Insert bar
      4m 38s
    5. The Property Inspector
      1m 50s
    6. The Document toolbar
      6m 6s
    7. The Document window
      9m 11s
    8. Panels and panel groups
      6m 58s
    9. Saving workspace layouts
      2m 22s
    10. Defining a default browser
      5m 5s
  4. 24m 59s
    1. Defining a site
      9m 5s
    2. File and folder management
      3m 11s
    3. Understanding path structure
      3m 17s
    4. Adding content to a site
      6m 6s
    5. Creating a site map
      3m 20s
  5. 38m 39s
    1. Creating a new blank site
      6m 0s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      7m 54s
    3. About DOCTYPE
      3m 59s
    4. Inserting images
      9m 26s
    5. Inserting text
      3m 35s
    6. Aligning text and images
      4m 9s
    7. Inserting meta tags
      3m 36s
  6. 45m 58s
    1. Link basics
      6m 4s
    2. Linking with Point to File
      5m 18s
    3. External links
      4m 15s
    4. Creating email links
      5m 49s
    5. Named anchors
      7m 37s
    6. Linking to a file
      7m 35s
    7. Image maps
      9m 20s
  7. 1h 8m
    1. About CSS
      4m 52s
    2. Anatomy of a style sheet
      4m 10s
    3. CSS and page properties
      10m 11s
    4. Moving an internal style sheet to an external style sheet
      6m 46s
    5. The CSS Styles panel
      3m 48s
    6. CSS selectors
      2m 37s
    7. Type selectors
      12m 13s
    8. ID selectors
      10m 21s
    9. Class selectors
      5m 42s
    10. Creating rollovers with pseudo-class selectors
      7m 22s
  8. 42m 54s
    1. CSS vs. the Font tag
      2m 42s
    2. Formatting text with the Property Inspector
      8m 41s
    3. What measurement should I use?
      3m 15s
    4. Managing white space with margins, padding, and line height
      8m 34s
    5. Using font lists
      5m 45s
    6. Aligning text
      2m 47s
    7. Creating lists
      5m 8s
    8. Creating Flash text
      6m 2s
  9. 43m 19s
    1. About tables
      1m 28s
    2. Tables in Code view
      2m 36s
    3. Creating and adding content to tables
      7m 40s
    4. Changing table borders with XHTML
      5m 46s
    5. Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS
      6m 41s
    6. Aligning table content
      6m 39s
    7. Sorting tables
      3m 6s
    8. Setting table widths
      4m 48s
    9. Creating rounded-corner tables
      4m 35s
  10. 28m 22s
    1. Dreamweaver's layout tools
      3m 8s
    2. Tracing images
      4m 58s
    3. Adding AP div tags
      7m 29s
    4. Working with Layout Tables
      6m 55s
    5. Adjusting table widths and nesting tables
      5m 52s
  11. 16m 19s
    1. What is a device?
      3m 14s
    2. Attaching a printer-friendly style sheet
      3m 5s
    3. Styling for print
      7m 41s
    4. Adobe Device Central
      2m 19s
  12. 29m 54s
    1. Rollover rules
      3m 31s
    2. Creating simple rollovers
      5m 36s
    3. Creating disjointed rollovers
      7m 12s
    4. Creating navigation bars with multiple states
      9m 21s
    5. Creating Flash buttons
      4m 14s
  13. 26m 32s
    1. Viewing the code
      6m 9s
    2. Editing in Code view
      3m 0s
    3. The Code toolbar
      5m 11s
    4. Working with Code Collapse
      4m 27s
    5. The Quick Tag Editor
      2m 20s
    6. Working with snippets
      5m 25s
  14. 32m 45s
    1. About forms
      3m 23s
    2. Adding text fields
      9m 52s
    3. Adding checkboxes and radio buttons
      5m 37s
    4. Adding lists and menus
      6m 5s
    5. Submitting form results
      3m 23s
    6. Styling form elements with CSS
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 17s
    1. Opening a new browser window
      9m 38s
    2. Creating a popup message
      2m 50s
    3. Validating text fields
      2m 42s
    4. Getting more behaviors
      7m 2s
    5. Removing extensions
      1m 5s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. External image editor preferences
      3m 18s
    2. Built-in image editing tools
      3m 11s
    3. Roundtrip editing from Dreamweaver to Fireworks or Photoshop
      4m 39s
    4. Copying and pasting
      3m 50s
  17. 34m 16s
    1. Templates in action
      5m 12s
    2. Creating a new template
      6m 36s
    3. Applying templates
      3m 36s
    4. Modifying a template
      1m 40s
    5. Adding repeating regions
      3m 28s
    6. Working with repeating regions
      3m 13s
    7. Adding optional regions
      3m 34s
    8. Creating a library item
      3m 48s
    9. Modifying a library item
      3m 9s
  18. 13m 2s
    1. Using the History panel
      4m 24s
    2. Saving History steps as commands
      3m 25s
    3. Using Find and Replace
      5m 13s
  19. 14m 44s
    1. W3C accessibility guidelines
      4m 6s
    2. Accessibility preferences
      1m 29s
    3. Inserting accessible images
      3m 2s
    4. Inserting accessible tables
      2m 53s
    5. Inserting accessible form objects
      3m 14s
  20. 26m 17s
    1. About media objects
      2m 6s
    2. Linking to audio and video files
      5m 56s
    3. Embedding audio and video files
      7m 7s
    4. Setting parameters
      4m 27s
    5. Inserting Flash content
      2m 37s
    6. Inserting Flash video
      4m 4s
  21. 28m 47s
    1. Getting site reports
      3m 35s
    2. Checking links sitewide
      3m 30s
    3. Signing up with Tripod
      6m 36s
    4. Entering remote info
      4m 13s
    5. Publishing your site
      5m 41s
    6. Updating and publishing pages
      5m 12s
  22. 44s
    1. Goodbye
      44s

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