Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Adding structure to text

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Adding structure to text

When designing a new page, one of the first tasks you'll need to do is to create the basic structure of your page's HTML. If you're typing in your content directly into Dreamweaver, you can add that structure as you type. If you are importing content from programs like Word, you can either preserve the text's structural formatting or reassign content to specific tags. Whatever approach you take, Dreamweaver makes it incredibly easy to add basic structure to your HTML. In this exercise, we'll take a resource file, which has been stripped down to the barebones, and add meaning to the text by formatting it within specific tags.

Adding structure to text

When designing a new page, one of the first tasks you'll need to do is to create the basic structure of your page's HTML. If you're typing in your content directly into Dreamweaver, you can add that structure as you type. If you are importing content from programs like Word, you can either preserve the text's structural formatting or reassign content to specific tags. Whatever approach you take, Dreamweaver makes it incredibly easy to add basic structure to your HTML. In this exercise, we'll take a resource file, which has been stripped down to the barebones, and add meaning to the text by formatting it within specific tags.

Keep in mind that in this exercise we are focusing on the main content region of the page, not the layout or the secondary areas. The markup we would use for page layout will be covered a little bit later on. So here I have my resource file open from the 05_02 folder. Now it would be really easy to look at this file and say it doesn't have any structure at all right now. But that wouldn't be exactly true. If I click inside this first paragraph right here, if you have questions about an upcoming trip, you'll notice that in the tag selector - and this is that little status bar right down here below the document window - you'll notice that the tag selector tells me that this is inside of a paragraph tag, and in fact, if I click on the paragraph tag, it selects all of the text.

Now, if I begin typing and I hit Enter, so if I hit Enter or Return, then I go down to next line and type in, This is a new paragraph, indeed, looking down the tag selector, I do have a new paragraph. So Dreamweaver will place the previous line inside of a paragraph tag, and create a brand-new empty paragraph to hold the next line. Now, don't just assume that if you see a line of text that it is in a paragraph. Notice the first line of text here. When you click inside of it, you can see, looking at the tag selector, that is not tag. It's just sitting there in the body tag.

This is even more obvious if I switch over to Code View. You can see that while everybody else has opening and closing paragraph tags, which identifies the content inside of it as belonging to a paragraph, this headline Got Questions is inside no tags. Now, that's really, really important. Within an HTML document, all content must be tagged so that user agents know what type of content it is. Now with this in mind, let's restructure our page using Dreamweaver's Property Inspector.

Now I am going to change my view a little bit. I am going to click on the Split Screen view, so that my code is on the left-hand side, and my Design View is on the right-hand side. You can then grab the little dividing bar between them and allow more room for your Design view or more room for your Code View, whichever one you're currently interested in. Now whichever one of these windows you click in, that's the one you are currently focused on. So if I click inside the code, I'll be working in my Code View. If click inside my Design view, I'm working in my Design view. So what this allows us to do, let's say you are somebody that's brand-new Dreamweaver, and you've never worked never worked with HTML before.

You can make changes in the Design view and just to left of you, you can see what changes that you're actually making to your code. This is a great way to learn how to structure your content and which tags are being added as you create or import content in, so it's really nice way of working. The other thing this does for you is it reinforces the concept that you're creating code. If you work just in Design view, and you are brand-new to Dreamweaver, you might get the mistake and impression that you're almost working in a Word processor. I think it's really important for you to understand everything that you do in Dreamweaver is, in fact, generating code. Okay.

Let's do some structuring here. I am going to click inside the headline Got Questions over here in the Design pane. I am going to go down to my Properties Inspector, and of the two tabs, I am going to make sure that I've clicked the HTML tab, because remember, we want to change the HTML structure. I am going to grab the Format pulldown menu, and I can see a listing of all the tags that I can choose from here. I have got my paragraph, all of my headings, and this little odd choice called Preformatted. I get asked about that a lot. Well, what that actually is is it wraps the content in a pre tag, which causes browsers to display the text in a monospace font, and retain any line breaks or whitespace within the text.

It's really good for displaying computer code or scripting examples, and that's what it's primarily used for. In this instance, however, we want a Heading1 for our Got Questions. So I'll got ahead and choose that. Notice that in the Design view it gets bigger. It's bolder, and over there in the Code View it's surrounded by an opening and a closing H1 tag. So that is exactly what we want. We have a few other headings to structure, so let's go ahead and take care of those. Now I am going to get rid of my This is a new paragraph. I don't need that. So I am going to highlight that, and then hit Delete, and then hit Delete again to get rid of the paragraph.

You'll notice that the first time I deleted, I just deleted the content of the paragraph and not the tag itself. So now I am going to click inside General Tour Information, and using my Format pulldown menu, I am going to make that a Heading2. So it's sort of secondary or subheading. Now I'll click in the Customer notifications. I'll make that Heading3. And then I am just going to scroll down my page, and for each of the other headings, Tour Voucher, Trip Planning, all those guys are going to be Heading3s. So H3s, Tour Checklist, it's going to be a Heading3 as well.

Now I've got some more content underneath here that we are going to restructure, but we'll be doing that in our next movie. Now as we structure our headings, we've used a very logical progression: H1, then H2, and then H3s. Now you might infer from this that you always should go in that order, but the truth is you can use any approach you want to structuring your content. In the Explore California site, each main content region will have one H1 tag that identifies the content. Any other main headings will be assigned as H2s, and any paragraph subheadings will be H3s.

You're certainly free to develop your own strategy for your content; just make it logical and be consistent with how you use it. By coming up with a logical structural framework early on, you can ensure that all of your pages use a consistent structure throughout your site. That makes the content easier for user agents to parse, and easier for you to style. Now we are almost done, but they're just a couple more things we need to do here before we can move on. So far, we've been using Block level elements: headings and paragraphs. Now we need use some Inline level elements to add structure within the paragraphs themselves.

So what am I going to do is I am going to go down to the second paragraph here, customer notifications, and there are couple items in there that really want to stand out to the user: for example, tour confirmation. I want them to know that they really ought to be looking for a tour confirmation that this is an important article. So I am going to highlight the text, tour confirmation, and again, using the Properties Inspector I am going to click the B tag, which indeed, it says Bold. Now it's true that browsers will render that text as bold, but in reality, what we've done is we've surrounded that text with an opening and a closing strong tag.

Strong tags strongly emphasize text, so any user agent will make sure that this text stands out. Next, we need to do the same thing to reminder notifications. So I am going to go ahead and highlight reminder notification, click the B tag, and surround it with a strong tag as well. Now there is another line in this paragraph that I want to make sure people are paying attention too as well. This sentence right here, "If you do not receive a confirmation within 24 hours, or the reminder notification two weeks out, contact us immediately." All right, I am going to highlight that and click the I tag.

So what does that Italic icon do? It surrounds text with an em tag, an opening and closing em tag. So what's the difference? Well, the em tag is an emphasis tag, and it denotes text that is being emphasized. The strong tags denotes text that is being strongly emphasized. So if you are looking for the logical structural definition of that, that's what it is. We've got one more. Let's scroll in just a little bit more down to our Trip Planning, and I've got a sentence here that says, "a list of any required equipment for the tour that is not provided by Explore California." I want to emphasize that point, so I am just going to highlight "not provided" and click the I tag there as well to just does emphasize that text too. Cool! Now our page is on its way, but structurally, it's not quite done yet.

In our next exercise, we are going to explore another fundamental structural element as we work with Lists.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 89492 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Learn more, save more. Upgrade today!

Get our Annual Premium Membership at our best savings yet.

Upgrade to our Annual Premium Membership today and get even more value from your lynda.com subscription:

“In a way, I feel like you are rooting for me. Like you are really invested in my experience, and want me to get as much out of these courses as possible this is the best place to start on your journey to learning new material.”— Nadine H.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.