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Working with images and swatches

From: InDesign CS6: Interactive Documents

Video: Working with images and swatches

Regardless of where your documents are going to be viewed, you want them to look their best, and of course you want your output to be consistent and predictable. You can get a wide range of results from the same document when you output to interactive PDF and Adobe DPS, especially if you're working with files that were originally created for print. Let's take a look. As we saw in an earlier movie, you can select an intent for a document, either Print, Web, or Digital Publishing. This intent will determine the color space used by the swatches and the Transparency blend space.

Working with images and swatches

Regardless of where your documents are going to be viewed, you want them to look their best, and of course you want your output to be consistent and predictable. You can get a wide range of results from the same document when you output to interactive PDF and Adobe DPS, especially if you're working with files that were originally created for print. Let's take a look. As we saw in an earlier movie, you can select an intent for a document, either Print, Web, or Digital Publishing. This intent will determine the color space used by the swatches and the Transparency blend space.

If you have a document with Print intent it will have CMYK swatches and use CMYK blend space. If you have a document with Web or Digital Publishing intent, it will have RGB swatches and use RGB blend space. And you won't see any major color shifts if you output to your intended media. But what if you have a document that mixes RGB and CMYK, like a document that was created with Print intent and contains RGB photos? What happens if you want to output that document to interactive PDF and DPS? Well, things can get interesting.

To illustrate, I have two documents open. The one on the left was created with Digital Publishing intent and the one on the right with Print intent. I place the same photo of a flower in both files; it's an RGB Photoshop file, and you can see that it's really very saturated with colors that are out of gamut for CMYK printing. But right now I'm not viewing the print document with proof colors, so it looks the same as the Digital Publishing document. But if I select the Print document and I choose View > Proof Colors, you can see the shift.

All those saturated purples and blues are compressed into the CMYK gamut. Likewise, I can get the same result if I turn off Proof Colors and I add transparency. So I'll select the photo of the flowers and I'll add a drop shadow. Whenever you add transparency, InDesign displays all the colors on the spread in the Transparency blend space, which for this document is CMYK. I can see that by going to Edit > Transparency Blend Space, and it's Document CMYK. And if I output this document to a print PDF, these are the colors that I can expect to get.

So far, this all makes sense, but what if I export this document to Interactive PDF? Well let's try it. I'll press Command+E or Ctrl+E. I'll just export it to the desktop. Format, Adobe PDF (Interactive), and click Save. I'll accept the defaults and click OK. And before I can really export, I get a warning, telling me that this document is using CMYK blend space and the colors are going to be converted to RGB. I'll just click OK and see what happens, and sure enough, I get those saturated blues and purples again, not what I saw in the proof colors.

So the point here is that my colors were not converted to CMYK, even though the proof colors indicated that they would be. InDesign was smart enough to realize that it had RGB colors to begin with, so it made no sense to convert to CMYK and then back again to RGB; it just left those RGB colors alone. This is great, except that the colors in InDesign give you a false impression of what the interactive PDF will look like. That's what that warning dialog box was trying to tell you. So the best remedy is the one mentioned in the warning dialog box, to go back to the document and change the Transparency blend space to RGB. Now these are the colors that I can expect to get in my interactive PDF.

Now, what happens if I were to export this content to a folio for DPS? Well, the results are different. Later on in this course, we'll go into detail about working with folios, but for now, I've set up a folio already to export this. So I'll go down to my Folio Builder panel. And I've created a folio with an article called PrintIntent, and let's preview it. And right now, because I'm using RGB blend space, I get those RGB colors. Let's go back to the document again, choose Transparency Blend Space > CMYK this time.

Note that I have the CMYK proof colors. I'll update the article in the Folio Builder panel and preview it again. And now I get those CMYK colors. It's really RGB colors, but it has been converted to CMYK on the way out, so it looks like the CMYK colors. On one hand, this may be what you want, since this is a repurposing of a print product and these colors might be closer to those of the print product. In other cases, this might not be desirable. The flower image had lots of bright saturated colors that don't have to be lost if we're outputting to a non-screen format.

There is no reason to compress those colors into a print gamut here. And in fact, you don't have to if you don't want to. Again, just use RGB blend space before you export. So, to summarize, when it comes to color, the Transparency blend space will determine how colors are rendered in a DPS folio, but outputting to Interactive PDF will always use RGB blend space. It's important to understand this so you can always get the colors you want and expect in your interactive documents.

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This video is part of

Image for InDesign CS6: Interactive Documents
InDesign CS6: Interactive Documents

73 video lessons · 24789 viewers

Mike Rankin
Author

 
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  1. 1m 45s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. Using the exercise files and scripts
      43s
  2. 22m 41s
    1. Case study: tomaxxi's InDesign shortcuts guide
      4m 19s
    2. Case study: The Magic of Reality app
      3m 20s
    3. Exploring PDF digital magazines: InDesign Magazine
      2m 45s
    4. Looking at digital newspapers: BostonGlobe.com
      3m 44s
    5. Reviewing digital magazines: National Geographic
      4m 58s
    6. Exploring iamboundless.com
      3m 35s
  3. 21m 56s
    1. Setting preferences for interactive documents
      6m 32s
    2. Customizing the workspace
      5m 48s
    3. Understanding intent and presets
      3m 5s
    4. Working with images and swatches
      5m 2s
    5. Installing scripts
      1m 29s
  4. 37m 24s
    1. Using Liquid Layout
      9m 17s
    2. Creating alternate layouts
      4m 4s
    3. Using primary text frames
      3m 49s
    4. Using the Content Conveyor
      5m 42s
    5. Linking text
      4m 32s
    6. Linking page items
      3m 19s
    7. Fitting frames to content
      3m 33s
    8. Using style mapping
      3m 8s
  5. 49m 48s
    1. Reviewing what we're going to build
      1m 56s
    2. Previewing with the SWF Preview panel
      4m 51s
    3. Presentation design tips
      2m 41s
    4. Setting up a presentation file with layers
      4m 53s
    5. Creating a navigation system
      8m 32s
    6. Creating a title and content slides
      7m 57s
    7. Overriding master page items
      5m 59s
    8. Setting page transitions
      4m 34s
    9. Creating hyperlinks
      3m 40s
    10. Using the slug for notes
      4m 45s
  6. 37m 40s
    1. Understanding what we're going to build
      1m 11s
    2. Building an interactive table of contents
      5m 9s
    3. Building a navigation system
      4m 5s
    4. Creating PDF-only buttons
      3m 33s
    5. Using a SWF slideshow in a PDF
      9m 33s
    6. Placing a video and using the Media panel
      5m 44s
    7. Setting navigation points
      4m 28s
    8. Placing a video from a URL
      1m 21s
    9. Creating hyperlinks from URLs
      2m 36s
  7. 18m 6s
    1. An overview of PDF forms
      2m 6s
    2. Creating text fields and signature fields
      3m 13s
    3. Creating list boxes and combo boxes
      3m 55s
    4. Creating checkboxes and radio buttons
      3m 47s
    5. Creating tab order for PDF forms
      3m 14s
    6. Creating Submit, Print, and Clear Form actions
      1m 51s
  8. 53m 36s
    1. Exploring the Animation Encyclopedia script
      10m 57s
    2. Using the Animation panel
      6m 56s
    3. Animating on a motion path
      3m 57s
    4. Animating a list
      4m 29s
    5. Creating navigation buttons
      5m 15s
    6. Creating a multi-state object
      6m 23s
    7. Creating a page number indicator
      2m 57s
    8. Animating an opening page
      3m 9s
    9. Creating a multi-purpose button
      3m 11s
    10. Exporting your presentation and embedded fonts to SWF
      3m 46s
    11. Working with transitions and animation
      2m 36s
  9. 40m 34s
    1. An overview of the DPS workflow and the publishing process
      4m 31s
    2. Creating hyperlinks
      5m 17s
    3. Creating slideshows
      3m 25s
    4. Using the Image Sequence feature
      4m 58s
    5. Adding audio and video
      5m 6s
    6. Creating panoramas
      4m 21s
    7. Adding web content
      3m 56s
    8. Panning and zooming
      4m 1s
    9. Creating scrollable frames
      4m 59s
  10. 27m 18s
    1. Using the Folio Builder panel
      5m 28s
    2. Creating a folio
      5m 28s
    3. Adding articles to a folio
      5m 47s
    4. Using the Content Viewer to preview a folio
      3m 53s
    5. Using the Folio Producer
      4m 54s
    6. Viewing a folio on an iPad
      1m 48s
  11. 49s
    1. Next steps
      49s

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