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It is one ++ operator, the increment operator, the ability to add one to a variable. So you can't put a space in the middle of that, same with a --, same with operators like += or -=. You can't put a space in the middle of this just the same way you can't put the space in the middle of var or alert or prompt or a variable name. Now the second place whitespace matters is inside a string. There's a difference between what, space, is, space, your, space, name, and adding a few more spaces to it and that's because we want spaces to matter inside a string.
I type in Simon, I click OK, and we get the rather ugly looking message HelloSimon. Well, that's simply because I'm concatenating or combining two strings together here. I've created a variable called message that says Hello and then I'm adding the word Hello and whatever name was typed in and popping that up as an alert box. But really what I want is Hello, space, and then the name. So this would be another reason we would want this space regarded as significant.
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