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Choosing and Using Web Fonts
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Using one font for headings and another for text


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Choosing and Using Web Fonts

with Laura Franz

Video: Using one font for headings and another for text

There are many ways to work with more than one font in a website. One way is to use the fonts for separate purposes. For example, earlier in the course, when we looked at Modern fonts, we couldn't find any that worked in text. That's because Modern fonts have such thin thins they get lost on the screen at text sizes. But if we were to use one font for headings and the other font for text, we might be able to use a Modern font for a heading. I followed the process from the last lesson and compared Unna, our Modern font, to all of the other fonts we've used in this course.
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  1. 4m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 52s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 47s
  2. 14m 55s
    1. Recognizing the anatomy of letters
      4m 17s
    2. Understanding font classification
      4m 38s
    3. Finding and testing web fonts
      3m 41s
    4. Identifying common problems in fonts
      2m 19s
  3. 43m 43s
    1. Understanding Venetian fonts
      4m 0s
    2. Identifying a Venetian font
      4m 46s
    3. Understanding handwritten letters
      3m 22s
    4. Choosing a Venetian font
      3m 47s
    5. Creating a Typekit account and building a kit
      3m 43s
    6. Adding a Venetian font (Calluna) to your kit
      2m 51s
    7. Applying Calluna to your web site
      5m 54s
    8. Troubleshooting Typekit fonts that don't load
      2m 2s
    9. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      4m 25s
    10. Working with more than four styles in Typekit
      5m 22s
    11. Looking at how using a Venetian font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 31s
  4. 32m 53s
    1. Identifying an Old Style font
      6m 26s
    2. Choosing an Old Style font
      4m 30s
    3. Applying Crimson Text to a web site using Google web fonts
      3m 8s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      9m 20s
    5. Making various weights and styles work correctly across different browsers
      5m 16s
    6. Looking at how using an Old Style font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 13s
  5. 21m 12s
    1. Identifying a Transitional font
      5m 10s
    2. Choosing a Transitional font
      6m 36s
    3. Applying PT Sans to a site via Typekit
      2m 57s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      2m 59s
    5. Looking at how using a Transitional font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 30s
  6. 16m 58s
    1. Identifying a Modern font
      7m 50s
    2. Choosing a Modern font
      4m 0s
    3. Using Typekit to find and test web fonts
      5m 8s
  7. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying a Slab Serif font
      4m 30s
    2. Choosing a Slab Serif font
      3m 58s
    3. Deleting a font from your Typekit
      3m 1s
    4. Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles
      9m 41s
    5. Looking at how using a Slab Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      5m 42s
  8. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying "Other" Serif fonts
      5m 28s
    2. Choosing "Other" Serif fonts
      10m 12s
    3. Using a font without an italic
      7m 6s
    4. Looking at how using an "Other" Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 6s
  9. 20m 34s
    1. Identifying a Transitional Sans Serif font
      4m 29s
    2. Choosing a Transitional Sans Serif font
      5m 14s
    3. Changing styling to improve the readability of text
      6m 31s
    4. Looking at how using a Transitional Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 20s
  10. 31m 23s
    1. Identifying a Geometric Sans Serif font
      2m 51s
    2. Choosing a Geometric Sans Serif font
      4m 33s
    3. Downloading a free font licensed for use on the web
      3m 53s
    4. Using Font Squirrel to create an @font-face kit
      5m 12s
    5. Adding the @font-face syntax to the CSS
      2m 57s
    6. Implementing the font family in the CSS
      5m 29s
    7. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      3m 56s
    8. Looking at how using a Geometric Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      2m 32s
  11. 21m 3s
    1. Identifying a Humanist Sans Serif font
      4m 18s
    2. Choosing a Humanist Sans Serif font
      7m 23s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      5m 32s
    4. Looking at how using a Humanist Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 50s
  12. 18m 28s
    1. Understanding handwritten fonts
      3m 4s
    2. Choosing a handwritten font
      8m 17s
    3. Looking at how using a handwritten font affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 7s
  13. 33m 2s
    1. Understanding what to look for when pairing fonts
      6m 58s
    2. Using one font for headings and another for text
      6m 6s
    3. Using different fonts for different kinds of information on the page
      8m 38s
    4. Mixing and matching fonts within text
      3m 48s
    5. Looking at how using two fonts affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 32s
  14. 23m 34s
    1. Understanding Script fonts
      2m 19s
    2. Choosing a Script font for display use
      8m 12s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 33s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Script Display font
      3m 42s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Script Display font
      2m 53s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 55s
  15. 26m 38s
    1. Understanding Wood Type fonts
      3m 25s
    2. Choosing a Wood Type font for display use
      8m 35s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      4m 57s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Wood Type font
      2m 28s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Wood Type display font
      4m 42s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 31s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. Choosing an Art Deco font for display use
      2m 45s
    2. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 51s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Art Deco font
      2m 37s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Art Deco display font
      2m 57s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 48s
  17. 27m 38s
    1. Choosing a Futuristic font for display use
      5m 33s
    2. Applying the Futuristic font and changing the styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      6m 40s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Futuristic font
      2m 48s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Futuristic display font
      4m 21s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 22s
    6. Looking at the set of four ads
      5m 54s
  18. 7m 29s
    1. Exploring resources and goodbye
      7m 29s

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Choosing and Using Web Fonts
6h 52m Appropriate for all Jun 27, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course focuses on the theories behind web fonts: what makes a good font, why different fonts look the way they do, and how fonts affect the look of a web page. Author Laura Franz covers common tasks, including downloading a font from an online source such as Typekit or Font Squirrel, implementing the font in HTML and CSS, and changing the size and line-height to improve the readability of text. The course also covers different periods of type design and explores the history behind handwritten fonts, text fonts (used for large amounts of text), and display fonts (used for headlines).

Topics include:
  • Explaining the history of text fonts, from Old Style, Transitional, and Modern to Slab Serif and Sans Serif
  • Understanding font classifications
  • Setting up a Typekit account
  • Choosing a quality font based on forms, spacing, and weights and styles
  • Accessing fonts from various sources
  • Implementing fonts with the @font-face syntax
  • Looking at how fonts affect the look and feel of a web page
  • Changing font styling to improve readability
  • Making various font weights and styles work correctly across multiple browsers
  • Pairing fonts (headline and text, two fonts in text, and so on)
  • Setting fallback fonts
Subjects:
Design Typography Web Web Design Web Fonts
Author:
Laura Franz

Using one font for headings and another for text

There are many ways to work with more than one font in a website. One way is to use the fonts for separate purposes. For example, earlier in the course, when we looked at Modern fonts, we couldn't find any that worked in text. That's because Modern fonts have such thin thins they get lost on the screen at text sizes. But if we were to use one font for headings and the other font for text, we might be able to use a Modern font for a heading. I followed the process from the last lesson and compared Unna, our Modern font, to all of the other fonts we've used in this course.

There are lots of other fonts out there but I wanted to keep it limited to the ones we've already looked at. Due to Unna's structure which isn't Humanist, I think Nimbus Sans might work for us. I'm a little concerned it might feel too dark on the page with Unna, Nimbus Sans has a slightly heavy weight, so I've got Arial as a backup. I actually think from experience that Arial will work better but I want to try Nimbus Sans first because I'm tired of using default fonts and I want to use something new. For the rest of this lesson, I'm going to show you how I made decisions about pairing Unna with a Transitional Sans Serif font.

If you'd like, you can sit back and watch. If you want to follow along in the CSS, you can. I saved a copy of our Nimbus Sans page in the Exercise Files for this chapter. I've named it nimbus_sans_tk_unna_site.html. Let's open it up in our Text Editor. I've already added Unna to the file. I want to point out two things. One, we're using both the Google font and a Typekit font in the same file. I rarely do this.

I find that when I do, the fonts load a little more slowly. But if you do do it, I recommend putting the Google font syntax before the Typekit syntax. The other thing I want to point out is that Nimbus Sans won't work on your page. That's because the embed code is from my kit and only works on my server. So you need to go to Typekit, make sure Nimbus Sans is in your kit, publish it and copy and paste your embed code into your HTML document. Upload your file to the server. When you're done, meet me back here.

Okay, now that your Nimbus Sans is set let's look at what we have. We can see that Nimbus Sans is in the universal selector. That makes sense because this file was created from our old Nimbus Sans file. I've already added Unna and we have it for the H1 set at 37 on 39 pixels. We have it in the H3 set on 30 on 30 pixels. In the H4 it's set at 23 on 23 pixels and I've set the font weight to normal because Unna doesn't have a bold.

I've also added it to the quote set at 22 on 27 pixels and I've removed the font style italic because Unna does not have an italic. Now let's take a look at this in the Browser. You can see the two fonts I used on the page. The headings and quote are in Unna and the rest of the text is in Nimbus Sans. I'd like to try and pull the heading font into the page a bit so it doesn't feel too separate from the text. Using Unna in the quote helped me do this. But there is a bit of a problem with hierarchy.

Unna doesn't have a bold or italic, so I'm basically only using size to separate the main heading from Around Town and in Save the Date to the event and article headings. And there isn't quite enough hierarchy, the headings feel too similar. If we look at Save the Date and the Library Used Book Sale, they sort of blend in, there's not quite enough difference between the two of them. So I saved another version of the document and I tried to make more hierarchy simply by capitalizing our Around Town and Save the Date headings.

I've also added one pixel of letter spacing. Modern fonts have a beautiful contrast between thick and thin and an elegant structure and it really comes out when it's set in all caps with a little bit of spacing. But the problem now is that Around Town and Save the Date stand out too much. They're sort of big and clunky and they begin to compete with the main heading. So I saved another version of the document and made these a little bit smaller. I changed the size to 25 pixels. Now they don't compete with the main heading which is good but they've lost some of their power in the right-hand column here.

Again, these two headings are starting to feel too similar. I think the problem is our H4, which is the event and article headings. They don't have quite enough hierarchy. As I scan down this right column looking for an event, they don't pop out at me. So I saved the document again and changed our H4s to 17 pixel bold Nimbus Sans. This helps chunk the events and make the titles pop out. I'll scroll down again. But now my main problem is that the Nimbus bold is too heavy.

If we look here again at Library Used Book Sale, the e is starting to almost fill in, it feels very heavy under the SAVE THE DATE. So I decided to just give up and try to make the Nimbus Sans work with the Unna, and I made another version using Arial. It's a good font. It has the lighter strokes so the e is no longer filling in here under Used, and then also the text weight is a little bit lighter as well. And there is a good contrast between the bold and the regular text, and I think that contrast works really nicely with the thick and thin strokes of the Unna.

So using the Arial feels a little bit more appropriate to me with the Unna. Nimbus Sans, we'll pop back to that. It's a lovely font but it just doesn't work in this context. The Arial feels lighter and it feels a little bit more cohesive. I've provided both the final Nimbus Sans file and the Arial file in the final Exercise Files, if you want to see the final type settings. Working with two fonts means spending time and figuring out the hierarchy. It also means being willing to make changes as you work through the process.

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