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Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles

From: Choosing and Using Web Fonts

Video: Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles

Now that we've cleared one of the fonts out of our Typekit, it's time to add Museo Slab, and apply it to our Web page. So let's find Museo Slab, and add it to our kit. Now, you can see that Museo Slab has more weights than we've used thus far in the course; 100, 300, 500, 700, 900, and 1000, and these numbers don't match up with what we've been used to using. We've been using 400 for regular, and 700 for bold, but Museo Slab doesn't have a 400. It has a 300, and a 500.

Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles

Now that we've cleared one of the fonts out of our Typekit, it's time to add Museo Slab, and apply it to our Web page. So let's find Museo Slab, and add it to our kit. Now, you can see that Museo Slab has more weights than we've used thus far in the course; 100, 300, 500, 700, 900, and 1000, and these numbers don't match up with what we've been used to using. We've been using 400 for regular, and 700 for bold, but Museo Slab doesn't have a 400. It has a 300, and a 500.

So how do we know what weights to use? Well, we don't, until we test them. We can narrow it down a bit, though. 100 is going to be very light. I wouldn't use it unless I was using very, very large text. And the same is true with the 1,000. It's going to be very heavy, and I wouldn't use it unless I was using very, very large text. So probably the 300 or 500 could work for our text weight, and we know that in our text, we also use an italic, so we should also select the 300 and 500 Italic.

We're going to be using a bold as well. We're not sure if the 700 will work, or the 900, because it depends on whether we use 300 or the 500 for the text. So let's go ahead and select both the 700 and the 900. Now, hopefully we'll also use sort of a semi-bold italic for that sentence about the Bay Road businesses. Now again, either the 500 or the 700 Italic would probably work.

So, I'd keep both of them selected. We have a lot of weights and styles here; we won't use them all, and so in the end we'll need to come back and clear some of these out to keep our kit size as small as possible. Right now our Kit Size is less then 400K, so we can still use it as is while we test these fonts. Let's go ahead and click Publish so the changes take effect, and then the next thing we need to do is start our HTML document. Let's toggle over and open up the original Georgia site, and open it into your text editor with a right-click.

I use TextWrangler, and let's save this. I'm going to save it as museo_slab_tk, because we are using a Typekit font, _site.html. And again, you can save it in the same folder; we won't be rewriting anything. And I like to see my files here, and then open it in the browser to see what we have so far. And so far it is using Georgia, because we haven't changed the font yet.

So the first thing we need to do, go back into Typekit, launch my kit editor, get the embed code, select and Copy that. I'm going to toggle over to my text editor, and paste it, and then back over into the kit. Let's get our font-family name here: museo-slab. Back in the TextWrangler, let's set our font-family for museo-slab, with a comma; that way we have a font stack started, and now let's take a look at getting the weights that we want into the text.

Let's start with 300; the lighter weight font for Museo Slab. We'll use that for most of our text, and then for the things that are bold, let's try doing a 700, because we're used to using the 700 for our bolds. And then the strong that I've been using for the Bay Road businesses, let's try making that a 500, and we'll think of that as being sort of semi-bold. Let's go ahead and save this, and because we're using a Typekit font, we do have to load it onto our server.

There's our museo_slab, over onto the server, and then back into Firefox, or whatever browser you are using; let's take a look at that online. Okay, looking at this, I would say that using the 300 weight is a little bit too light for the text. It just looks a little weak to me. I'm thinking maybe we need to go up to the 500 for the text. I'm not sure though, but we are going to try it and see what happens. One of the things that I do when I'm trying to make decisions between weights or fonts is I take screenshots, so that I can go back and refer to them later and compare them.

So I just used Shift+Command+4 on the Mac, and I'm going to drag this. So now I have a screenshot of this page that I can go back to, and let's go change those weights. I'm thinking that the 300 works really well for the h1 and the h4, but just not for the text, so let's just try changing that, and then currently the Bay Road businesses sentence is set at a 500, which means it will no longer pop out, so we're going to have to change that to a 700.

Let's go back into our universal selector, let's change that to 500, then let's change everything that's bold, which would be our h4 to a 900, and then let's change our strong to a 700. You can see how this looks. And again, we need to put it onto our server, and refresh it. The text looks better, and oh, I meant to keep that as a 300. I can go back and change that; that's not a problem. The text looks better, but the 900 on the bold is just too heavy.

And in fact, we're going to want to go back and change that to a 700. I don't even need to check my screenshot. I can see that e is really filling in there. Now, if you're looking at this on Internet Explorer, you're not seeing as many weights and style as I'm seeing on my screen, and that's because we are now using more than four weights and styles on this page. So what we need to do is we need to go in and use the variation-specific font-family names for this site. We're going to take a moment.

I'm going to ask you to add them to your syntax. We've already covered this. If you need a refresher on how to use them, we covered it in the chapter on Venetian Fonts. So when you've got your variation-specific font-family names done, meet me back here, and we'll keep exploring Museo sans. Okay, so we've added our variation-specific font-family names. So everything should be working on Internet Explorer, but there are still some changes we need to make to how the page looks. The h1 and h3 are a little too heavy, as is the h4.

So let's go back into our TextWrangler, or whatever text editor you are using, and on the h1, we want to make this 300 weight, because we're using the variation-specific font-family names. I just copied and pasted a line from my universal selector. I need to change that to an n3, because we're using 300, and add the font-weight 300 here, and I will want to do the same; I can just select and copy this for my h3s.

The h4 is currently set at 900, which is too heavy, so we're going to make that a normal style of 700. So change that to a 7, and 700. Save this, reload it onto the server, refresh it; that looks much better. Now, I'm a little bit concerned about the contrast between the headings here: the h4, and the text.

The text is a little heavier than we're used to using. Usually it's set a 400 weight, and this is a 500 weight. So what I'd like to do is bump our h4 up just a little bit, just a pixel perhaps, and see if that helps. It's currently at 16; let's make it 17, and save it, and reload it, and refresh it, and that is a little bit better. Now that we have our weights and styles set, and we know which ones we're using, we do need to go back into our Typekit, and remove the ones we're not using.

In Museo S,lab, we are not using the 300 Italic and we are not using the 900. This will help make our site run a little bit more smoothly, a little bit more quickly, when we get rid of these fonts. And that lowers our Kit Size; that's great. We'll Publish it, and you'll notice I kept the 700 Italic there, even though we haven't used it yet. It reminded me that we want to add that to our sentence about the Bay Road businesses. Let me go ahead and do that now. On the strong, it's currently just a Bold; let's make that an Italic Bold, so that that sentence will pop out a little bit more.

Save it, reload it to our server, and refresh it, and that's good. We have a little bit more contrast between that heading and that sentence. All right. So everything looks good, and our Typekit has been reduced, so that it'll load more smoothly, and it looks like we're done.

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This video is part of

Image for Choosing and Using Web Fonts
Choosing and Using Web Fonts

89 video lessons · 7014 viewers

Laura Franz
Author

 
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  1. 4m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 52s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 47s
  2. 14m 55s
    1. Recognizing the anatomy of letters
      4m 17s
    2. Understanding font classification
      4m 38s
    3. Finding and testing web fonts
      3m 41s
    4. Identifying common problems in fonts
      2m 19s
  3. 43m 43s
    1. Understanding Venetian fonts
      4m 0s
    2. Identifying a Venetian font
      4m 46s
    3. Understanding handwritten letters
      3m 22s
    4. Choosing a Venetian font
      3m 47s
    5. Creating a Typekit account and building a kit
      3m 43s
    6. Adding a Venetian font (Calluna) to your kit
      2m 51s
    7. Applying Calluna to your web site
      5m 54s
    8. Troubleshooting Typekit fonts that don't load
      2m 2s
    9. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      4m 25s
    10. Working with more than four styles in Typekit
      5m 22s
    11. Looking at how using a Venetian font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 31s
  4. 32m 53s
    1. Identifying an Old Style font
      6m 26s
    2. Choosing an Old Style font
      4m 30s
    3. Applying Crimson Text to a web site using Google web fonts
      3m 8s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      9m 20s
    5. Making various weights and styles work correctly across different browsers
      5m 16s
    6. Looking at how using an Old Style font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 13s
  5. 21m 12s
    1. Identifying a Transitional font
      5m 10s
    2. Choosing a Transitional font
      6m 36s
    3. Applying PT Sans to a site via Typekit
      2m 57s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      2m 59s
    5. Looking at how using a Transitional font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 30s
  6. 16m 58s
    1. Identifying a Modern font
      7m 50s
    2. Choosing a Modern font
      4m 0s
    3. Using Typekit to find and test web fonts
      5m 8s
  7. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying a Slab Serif font
      4m 30s
    2. Choosing a Slab Serif font
      3m 58s
    3. Deleting a font from your Typekit
      3m 1s
    4. Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles
      9m 41s
    5. Looking at how using a Slab Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      5m 42s
  8. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying "Other" Serif fonts
      5m 28s
    2. Choosing "Other" Serif fonts
      10m 12s
    3. Using a font without an italic
      7m 6s
    4. Looking at how using an "Other" Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 6s
  9. 20m 34s
    1. Identifying a Transitional Sans Serif font
      4m 29s
    2. Choosing a Transitional Sans Serif font
      5m 14s
    3. Changing styling to improve the readability of text
      6m 31s
    4. Looking at how using a Transitional Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 20s
  10. 31m 23s
    1. Identifying a Geometric Sans Serif font
      2m 51s
    2. Choosing a Geometric Sans Serif font
      4m 33s
    3. Downloading a free font licensed for use on the web
      3m 53s
    4. Using Font Squirrel to create an @font-face kit
      5m 12s
    5. Adding the @font-face syntax to the CSS
      2m 57s
    6. Implementing the font family in the CSS
      5m 29s
    7. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      3m 56s
    8. Looking at how using a Geometric Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      2m 32s
  11. 21m 3s
    1. Identifying a Humanist Sans Serif font
      4m 18s
    2. Choosing a Humanist Sans Serif font
      7m 23s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      5m 32s
    4. Looking at how using a Humanist Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 50s
  12. 18m 28s
    1. Understanding handwritten fonts
      3m 4s
    2. Choosing a handwritten font
      8m 17s
    3. Looking at how using a handwritten font affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 7s
  13. 33m 2s
    1. Understanding what to look for when pairing fonts
      6m 58s
    2. Using one font for headings and another for text
      6m 6s
    3. Using different fonts for different kinds of information on the page
      8m 38s
    4. Mixing and matching fonts within text
      3m 48s
    5. Looking at how using two fonts affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 32s
  14. 23m 34s
    1. Understanding Script fonts
      2m 19s
    2. Choosing a Script font for display use
      8m 12s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 33s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Script Display font
      3m 42s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Script Display font
      2m 53s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 55s
  15. 26m 38s
    1. Understanding Wood Type fonts
      3m 25s
    2. Choosing a Wood Type font for display use
      8m 35s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      4m 57s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Wood Type font
      2m 28s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Wood Type display font
      4m 42s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 31s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. Choosing an Art Deco font for display use
      2m 45s
    2. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 51s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Art Deco font
      2m 37s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Art Deco display font
      2m 57s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 48s
  17. 27m 38s
    1. Choosing a Futuristic font for display use
      5m 33s
    2. Applying the Futuristic font and changing the styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      6m 40s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Futuristic font
      2m 48s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Futuristic display font
      4m 21s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 22s
    6. Looking at the set of four ads
      5m 54s
  18. 7m 29s
    1. Exploring resources and goodbye
      7m 29s

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