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Choosing and Using Web Fonts

Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text


From:

Choosing and Using Web Fonts

with Laura Franz

Video: Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text

Now that we've picked Open Sans as our Humanist Sans Serif font, let's use it in our site. Start by opening the original verdana_site. Let's open it in our Text Editor. I'll right-click, and let's save it as open_sans_tk -- let's use the Typekit font for this -- _site, and you can save it right in the original folder since we won't be overwriting anything.
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  1. 4m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 52s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 47s
  2. 14m 55s
    1. Recognizing the anatomy of letters
      4m 17s
    2. Understanding font classification
      4m 38s
    3. Finding and testing web fonts
      3m 41s
    4. Identifying common problems in fonts
      2m 19s
  3. 43m 43s
    1. Understanding Venetian fonts
      4m 0s
    2. Identifying a Venetian font
      4m 46s
    3. Understanding handwritten letters
      3m 22s
    4. Choosing a Venetian font
      3m 47s
    5. Creating a Typekit account and building a kit
      3m 43s
    6. Adding a Venetian font (Calluna) to your kit
      2m 51s
    7. Applying Calluna to your web site
      5m 54s
    8. Troubleshooting Typekit fonts that don't load
      2m 2s
    9. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      4m 25s
    10. Working with more than four styles in Typekit
      5m 22s
    11. Looking at how using a Venetian font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 31s
  4. 32m 53s
    1. Identifying an Old Style font
      6m 26s
    2. Choosing an Old Style font
      4m 30s
    3. Applying Crimson Text to a web site using Google web fonts
      3m 8s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      9m 20s
    5. Making various weights and styles work correctly across different browsers
      5m 16s
    6. Looking at how using an Old Style font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 13s
  5. 21m 12s
    1. Identifying a Transitional font
      5m 10s
    2. Choosing a Transitional font
      6m 36s
    3. Applying PT Sans to a site via Typekit
      2m 57s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      2m 59s
    5. Looking at how using a Transitional font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 30s
  6. 16m 58s
    1. Identifying a Modern font
      7m 50s
    2. Choosing a Modern font
      4m 0s
    3. Using Typekit to find and test web fonts
      5m 8s
  7. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying a Slab Serif font
      4m 30s
    2. Choosing a Slab Serif font
      3m 58s
    3. Deleting a font from your Typekit
      3m 1s
    4. Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles
      9m 41s
    5. Looking at how using a Slab Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      5m 42s
  8. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying "Other" Serif fonts
      5m 28s
    2. Choosing "Other" Serif fonts
      10m 12s
    3. Using a font without an italic
      7m 6s
    4. Looking at how using an "Other" Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 6s
  9. 20m 34s
    1. Identifying a Transitional Sans Serif font
      4m 29s
    2. Choosing a Transitional Sans Serif font
      5m 14s
    3. Changing styling to improve the readability of text
      6m 31s
    4. Looking at how using a Transitional Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 20s
  10. 31m 23s
    1. Identifying a Geometric Sans Serif font
      2m 51s
    2. Choosing a Geometric Sans Serif font
      4m 33s
    3. Downloading a free font licensed for use on the web
      3m 53s
    4. Using Font Squirrel to create an @font-face kit
      5m 12s
    5. Adding the @font-face syntax to the CSS
      2m 57s
    6. Implementing the font family in the CSS
      5m 29s
    7. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      3m 56s
    8. Looking at how using a Geometric Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      2m 32s
  11. 21m 3s
    1. Identifying a Humanist Sans Serif font
      4m 18s
    2. Choosing a Humanist Sans Serif font
      7m 23s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      5m 32s
    4. Looking at how using a Humanist Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 50s
  12. 18m 28s
    1. Understanding handwritten fonts
      3m 4s
    2. Choosing a handwritten font
      8m 17s
    3. Looking at how using a handwritten font affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 7s
  13. 33m 2s
    1. Understanding what to look for when pairing fonts
      6m 58s
    2. Using one font for headings and another for text
      6m 6s
    3. Using different fonts for different kinds of information on the page
      8m 38s
    4. Mixing and matching fonts within text
      3m 48s
    5. Looking at how using two fonts affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 32s
  14. 23m 34s
    1. Understanding Script fonts
      2m 19s
    2. Choosing a Script font for display use
      8m 12s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 33s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Script Display font
      3m 42s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Script Display font
      2m 53s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 55s
  15. 26m 38s
    1. Understanding Wood Type fonts
      3m 25s
    2. Choosing a Wood Type font for display use
      8m 35s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      4m 57s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Wood Type font
      2m 28s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Wood Type display font
      4m 42s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 31s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. Choosing an Art Deco font for display use
      2m 45s
    2. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 51s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Art Deco font
      2m 37s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Art Deco display font
      2m 57s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 48s
  17. 27m 38s
    1. Choosing a Futuristic font for display use
      5m 33s
    2. Applying the Futuristic font and changing the styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      6m 40s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Futuristic font
      2m 48s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Futuristic display font
      4m 21s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 22s
    6. Looking at the set of four ads
      5m 54s
  18. 7m 29s
    1. Exploring resources and goodbye
      7m 29s

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Choosing and Using Web Fonts
6h 52m Appropriate for all Jun 27, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course focuses on the theories behind web fonts: what makes a good font, why different fonts look the way they do, and how fonts affect the look of a web page. Author Laura Franz covers common tasks, including downloading a font from an online source such as Typekit or Font Squirrel, implementing the font in HTML and CSS, and changing the size and line-height to improve the readability of text. The course also covers different periods of type design and explores the history behind handwritten fonts, text fonts (used for large amounts of text), and display fonts (used for headlines).

Topics include:
  • Explaining the history of text fonts, from Old Style, Transitional, and Modern to Slab Serif and Sans Serif
  • Understanding font classifications
  • Setting up a Typekit account
  • Choosing a quality font based on forms, spacing, and weights and styles
  • Accessing fonts from various sources
  • Implementing fonts with the @font-face syntax
  • Looking at how fonts affect the look and feel of a web page
  • Changing font styling to improve readability
  • Making various font weights and styles work correctly across multiple browsers
  • Pairing fonts (headline and text, two fonts in text, and so on)
  • Setting fallback fonts
Subjects:
Design Typography Web Web Design Web Fonts
Author:
Laura Franz

Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text

Now that we've picked Open Sans as our Humanist Sans Serif font, let's use it in our site. Start by opening the original verdana_site. Let's open it in our Text Editor. I'll right-click, and let's save it as open_sans_tk -- let's use the Typekit font for this -- _site, and you can save it right in the original folder since we won't be overwriting anything.

And then now, let's open that in the Browser as well. Right-click and we can see it's still in Verdana, we haven't added our new font yet. So let's go to Typekit, and if you're not logged in you'll want to do that first. And then let's launch our Kit Editor. We need to remove one of the fonts, let's remove Museo Slab and then we'll find our new font, Open Sans and we can add that to our kit.

Now in the kit, let's grab the Light, we've been using that for our H1 and H3 headings, and we'll need the Regular and Italic for text, and the Semi-Bold Italic we've been using for that sentence about the Bay Road businesses and then Bold for H4 headings, and I don't think we need the Bold-Italic so we don't need to use that. Let's go ahead and publish the Kit so changes are official and we'll need our embed code. We can copy that and then back in the Text Editor, paste it as the first item in the head of your HTML.

Save that, and back in Typekit. You can see we're using five weights and styles, so we are going to need to include the variation-specific font family names so that these weights and styles will work with Internet Explorer. Let's see here. We'll start with the Regular, copy this, back in our document. We can add that right to the font family for our universal selector, make sure you put a Comma (,) in there. So now our text, anything that is not told otherwise, will come in as the 400 weight, normal style Open Sans.

Next we need to add the correct variance throughout the page. Take a moment to add the variation-specific font family names throughout the document. Remember to use the 300 weight for the H1 and H3, and the Italic 600 weight for the strong element. If you need a refresher on how to do this I covered it in the chapter on Venetian Fonts. When you're done, meet me back here. Okay, your variation-specific font family names should be in your CSS.

Let's scroll down so you can see the ones that I've put in, in case you need to take a look at them. Now let's make sure our document is saved and on our server. Save it, and there it is. And we can view it in the Browser. You'll have to get it from your server, mine is at goodwebfonts. We can name it open_sans_tk_site, and there we are. It looks great.

It looks perhaps maybe a little bit too small. It's readable, but I think it could be a pixel bigger and I think it might be because Open Sans, even though it has the same structure as Verdana, it's a little bit lighter. So let's go back into the CSS portion of our HTML and make a couple of quick changes here. We'll change the universal selector to 15 on 22. H1, we will change to 31 on 33.

The H2, we'll change to 17 on 17. The H3, we'll change to a 24 on 24. The H4 can go up to 16 on 16, and I always like the quote to be a little bit bigger, so let's go ahead and do that at 16 and we can keep it at 22. Let's change our acronym as well, AM and PMs. Go ahead and save this.

We'll need to re-upload it to the server, and then back in the Browser we can refresh, and that looks good. It looks maybe a little bit big now but at the smaller size it looked a little bit too small. That is one of the problems working with Web Type is, unfortunately, we can't work with one-half pixels. But either size is fine and it looks like the chunking looks good, the hierarchy looks good, the italic semi-bold is beautiful there so I think that we are all set.

As I said, neither size would be wrong whether we have everything one pixel smaller or kept it at this size, neither one is wrong or bad. It's just a matter of finding the best visual balance possible.

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