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Choosing and Using Web Fonts

Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page


From:

Choosing and Using Web Fonts

with Laura Franz

Video: Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page

Now that we've picked our Wood Type font, Holtwood One Small Caps, let's make it work. I've provided an exercise file which we're looking at here. I've already added the code from Google Web Fonts to the head of the HTML document and I've set up a font family as usual. Let's take a look at it in the browser right- click, and there are a couple of problems. First, the heading is too big. We'll get back to that in a second, but equally disturbing to me is that all the text is now set in the Holtwood One.
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  1. 4m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 52s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 47s
  2. 14m 55s
    1. Recognizing the anatomy of letters
      4m 17s
    2. Understanding font classification
      4m 38s
    3. Finding and testing web fonts
      3m 41s
    4. Identifying common problems in fonts
      2m 19s
  3. 43m 43s
    1. Understanding Venetian fonts
      4m 0s
    2. Identifying a Venetian font
      4m 46s
    3. Understanding handwritten letters
      3m 22s
    4. Choosing a Venetian font
      3m 47s
    5. Creating a Typekit account and building a kit
      3m 43s
    6. Adding a Venetian font (Calluna) to your kit
      2m 51s
    7. Applying Calluna to your web site
      5m 54s
    8. Troubleshooting Typekit fonts that don't load
      2m 2s
    9. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      4m 25s
    10. Working with more than four styles in Typekit
      5m 22s
    11. Looking at how using a Venetian font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 31s
  4. 32m 53s
    1. Identifying an Old Style font
      6m 26s
    2. Choosing an Old Style font
      4m 30s
    3. Applying Crimson Text to a web site using Google web fonts
      3m 8s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      9m 20s
    5. Making various weights and styles work correctly across different browsers
      5m 16s
    6. Looking at how using an Old Style font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 13s
  5. 21m 12s
    1. Identifying a Transitional font
      5m 10s
    2. Choosing a Transitional font
      6m 36s
    3. Applying PT Sans to a site via Typekit
      2m 57s
    4. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      2m 59s
    5. Looking at how using a Transitional font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 30s
  6. 16m 58s
    1. Identifying a Modern font
      7m 50s
    2. Choosing a Modern font
      4m 0s
    3. Using Typekit to find and test web fonts
      5m 8s
  7. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying a Slab Serif font
      4m 30s
    2. Choosing a Slab Serif font
      3m 58s
    3. Deleting a font from your Typekit
      3m 1s
    4. Exploring a font with multiple weights and styles
      9m 41s
    5. Looking at how using a Slab Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      5m 42s
  8. 26m 52s
    1. Identifying "Other" Serif fonts
      5m 28s
    2. Choosing "Other" Serif fonts
      10m 12s
    3. Using a font without an italic
      7m 6s
    4. Looking at how using an "Other" Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 6s
  9. 20m 34s
    1. Identifying a Transitional Sans Serif font
      4m 29s
    2. Choosing a Transitional Sans Serif font
      5m 14s
    3. Changing styling to improve the readability of text
      6m 31s
    4. Looking at how using a Transitional Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      4m 20s
  10. 31m 23s
    1. Identifying a Geometric Sans Serif font
      2m 51s
    2. Choosing a Geometric Sans Serif font
      4m 33s
    3. Downloading a free font licensed for use on the web
      3m 53s
    4. Using Font Squirrel to create an @font-face kit
      5m 12s
    5. Adding the @font-face syntax to the CSS
      2m 57s
    6. Implementing the font family in the CSS
      5m 29s
    7. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      3m 56s
    8. Looking at how using a Geometric Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      2m 32s
  11. 21m 3s
    1. Identifying a Humanist Sans Serif font
      4m 18s
    2. Choosing a Humanist Sans Serif font
      7m 23s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the readability of the text
      5m 32s
    4. Looking at how using a Humanist Sans Serif font affects the look and feel of a web page
      3m 50s
  12. 18m 28s
    1. Understanding handwritten fonts
      3m 4s
    2. Choosing a handwritten font
      8m 17s
    3. Looking at how using a handwritten font affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 7s
  13. 33m 2s
    1. Understanding what to look for when pairing fonts
      6m 58s
    2. Using one font for headings and another for text
      6m 6s
    3. Using different fonts for different kinds of information on the page
      8m 38s
    4. Mixing and matching fonts within text
      3m 48s
    5. Looking at how using two fonts affects the look and feel of a web page
      7m 32s
  14. 23m 34s
    1. Understanding Script fonts
      2m 19s
    2. Choosing a Script font for display use
      8m 12s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 33s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Script Display font
      3m 42s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Script Display font
      2m 53s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 55s
  15. 26m 38s
    1. Understanding Wood Type fonts
      3m 25s
    2. Choosing a Wood Type font for display use
      8m 35s
    3. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      4m 57s
    4. Choosing a second font to pair with the Wood Type font
      2m 28s
    5. Incorporating a second font with the Wood Type display font
      4m 42s
    6. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 31s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. Choosing an Art Deco font for display use
      2m 45s
    2. Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      3m 51s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Art Deco font
      2m 37s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Art Deco display font
      2m 57s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 48s
  17. 27m 38s
    1. Choosing a Futuristic font for display use
      5m 33s
    2. Applying the Futuristic font and changing the styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page
      6m 40s
    3. Choosing a second font to pair with the Futuristic font
      2m 48s
    4. Incorporating a second font with the Futuristic display font
      4m 21s
    5. Setting fallback fonts
      2m 22s
    6. Looking at the set of four ads
      5m 54s
  18. 7m 29s
    1. Exploring resources and goodbye
      7m 29s

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Choosing and Using Web Fonts
6h 52m Appropriate for all Jun 27, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

This course focuses on the theories behind web fonts: what makes a good font, why different fonts look the way they do, and how fonts affect the look of a web page. Author Laura Franz covers common tasks, including downloading a font from an online source such as Typekit or Font Squirrel, implementing the font in HTML and CSS, and changing the size and line-height to improve the readability of text. The course also covers different periods of type design and explores the history behind handwritten fonts, text fonts (used for large amounts of text), and display fonts (used for headlines).

Topics include:
  • Explaining the history of text fonts, from Old Style, Transitional, and Modern to Slab Serif and Sans Serif
  • Understanding font classifications
  • Setting up a Typekit account
  • Choosing a quality font based on forms, spacing, and weights and styles
  • Accessing fonts from various sources
  • Implementing fonts with the @font-face syntax
  • Looking at how fonts affect the look and feel of a web page
  • Changing font styling to improve readability
  • Making various font weights and styles work correctly across multiple browsers
  • Pairing fonts (headline and text, two fonts in text, and so on)
  • Setting fallback fonts
Subjects:
Design Typography Web Web Design Web Fonts
Author:
Laura Franz

Changing styling as necessary to improve the form and placement of letters on the page

Now that we've picked our Wood Type font, Holtwood One Small Caps, let's make it work. I've provided an exercise file which we're looking at here. I've already added the code from Google Web Fonts to the head of the HTML document and I've set up a font family as usual. Let's take a look at it in the browser right- click, and there are a couple of problems. First, the heading is too big. We'll get back to that in a second, but equally disturbing to me is that all the text is now set in the Holtwood One.

And it's too bold and square to really work as a text font. So let's go ahead and change that. It will help us to focus on our headline. Back in the text editor let's fix this by copying our font family out of the universal selector and pasting it into the h1, and let's remove Holtwood One from our universal selector. Save that, back in the browser, and Refresh, I'm using a Command+R, and that's better.

Now that the text is set we can really focus on that heading. So there are a couple of things that aren't quite working with this heading. Most noticeable is that it's too big. It's slamming into the sides of the page and the first line is breaking. So book is all by itself. There are a couple of more subtle problems as well. First, I'm not crazy about the centered alignment. Centering type is very traditional and this font is clunky. I don't think it's going to work as well in a centered alignment as the Script font did.

I think we could so something to take advantage of the square forms in the letters. I'm thinking we should set it up so that the type in each line is a different size. We can set it so that the words in each row take up the entire space. We can make it feel more like an old broadside and then this will also create a square section of type which may mix the thick squared edges of the font. There other thing slightly bothering me, because this is a small caps font, the first R is very slightly larger than the rest of the other letters and this feels a little traditional to me.

I'd rather that R was the same size as the rest of the letters. So we're going to make sure all the letters are lowercase. Let's go make all of these changes and let's set up our heading here which is currently set in h1 with a couple of breaks. We are going to get rid of these breaks and let's wrap each individual line in its own h1. We'll do reading, and one book, and then we'll do is like eating one and potato chip.

Of course, this would work as is, but I am just going to move it around a little so I can see it a little bit better. Then we're going to need to set each line as its own class so that we can make each line look a little bit different. We'll keep the h1 for reading the same and one book, let's make that class="book" and make this one class="eating" and class ="chip". Now back up in the CSS we need to make a couple of classes for book class I've already tested these sizes, so I know what will work.

Let's do a font size. So let's go ahead and make this an h1 book. Let's do this 94 pixels with a line height of 104 and close it. I missed the semicolon there and let's do an h1 for eating and the font-size of 50, and a line-height of 60, and then we'll do the h1, chip.

So font-size of 68 and a line-height of 78. Up here in our original h1 let's go ahead and change this to 108 on 108. I had originally, when I was testing this, set it with an additional 10 pixels on the line height similar to how we did down here, but it made it a little bit loose so we're going to take that out. While we're here, let's add a text transform to a lowercase to get rid of that capital R. Go ahead and save this, and then back in the browser let's take a look.

That looks good. The heading is still set, text aligned centered. We didn't change that, but it feels solid and square. It also has a great texture from the different sizes we used for each line. When using this approach, make sure you vary the number of characters per line. It doesn't work if there's not enough contrast between font sizes.

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