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A bleed is an image that extends to the edge of the paper. A full bleed extends to all four edges. To avoid any chance of the paper color showing at the page edge, the image is extended beyond the page edge or trim line. The typical size of the bleed is one eight of an inch or three millimeters. Ascetically you might want to use a full bleed to give your photograph a sense of boundless space. The image is not confined within the rectangle of the paper but extends without limit beyond the pages edge.
For example a full bleed can enhance the openness of landscape shots with big skies. When considering whether to bleed your images, here are some things to take into account. When using a four bleed for a single image. Unless the aspect ratio of the page and the aspect ratio of the image are the same, the image will end up being cropped. Even if the aspect ratio of the page and image are the same, a bleed will inevitably crop the very edges of your frame.
This may work for one or two of the edges but not necessarily all. Make sure that you are not losing important image detail at the edges of your frame. Consistency is important. If your going to use a bleed, it will look out of place if you do this only once in your book. While you don't have to bleed all pages, you will want to make this a style that is repeated. A full bleed requires a large image. Depending on the size of the book and the pixel count of the image. Sizing the image up to cover the whole page may reduce its effective resolution to below what is optimal for printing.
That is three hundred pixels per inch.
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