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So now I'm going to introduce you to the different pencils that can be used, to achieve the different effects with drawing. And also talk through the pencils that will be used in this course, to give you the best range with the fewest amount of equipment. Okay? Let's get started. A pencil is often called a lead pencil, but it contains no lead in it at all. It's actually a mixture of graphite and clay. The clay is used as a binding agent. Solid graphite was first discovered in in the Lake district in the UK, an absolutely beautiful landscape in the north of England, about an hour away from where I live.
Graphite is the material that makes the black mark. So the higher the amount of graphite in the pencil, the blacker the mark. In Europe, the scale of pencils is measured in Bs and Hs. The B stands for black, and the H stands for hard. So the most common pencil for example, your office pencil an HB. This stands for hard black. So the more Bs, the softer the lead and the dark that result, the more Hs, the harder and lighter the lead. So if you're sketching very dark areas quickly, a 9B is great.
But if you're trying to draw a fine line with it, it's the wrong choice. The majority of pictures, you won't need to go as dark as the 9B, you just need to rub harder with a pencil, such as a 7B, just to get that darker mark. Harder pencils are perfect for architectural drawings. This is a 4H. See how this is a lot lighter, even though I'm adding the same amount of pressure. For this course, I'll be demonstrating with an HB, a 3B, and a 7B.
These are a nice split between the ranges. So you can get a sharp fine line with the HB, get a good variety with the 3B, and rub really dull with the 7B to get a nice dark tone to your drawings. So we can get a big tonal range, without worrying about choosing and swapping between a pencil every time we start a drawing.
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