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Foundations of Drawing
Illustration by John Hersey
Watching:

Pencils


From:

Foundations of Drawing

with Will Kemp

Video: Pencils

So now I'm going to introduce you to the different pencils A pencil is often called a lead pencil, but it contains no lead in it at all. Solid graphite was first discovered in in the Lake district in the UK, an absolutely So the more Bs, the softer the lead and the dark Harder pencils are perfect for architectural drawings.

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Foundations of Drawing
2h 24m Beginner Apr 28, 2014

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Anyone can learn how to draw. Success comes down to three things:

Shape: By focusing on the shapes of the objects (and more importantly the shapes between the objects) you can view subjects with a whole new outlook and focus.

Simplicity: You'll get better results by concentrating on simple subjects and drawing techniques that will still prove powerful when used together.

Structure: A structured approach makes drawing easier to master.

Each chapter in this course is built on these three principles, combining drawing theory and practical examples with worksheets and drawing assignments. Will Kemp brings his passion for teaching and infectious love of drawing together in these lessons. You'll learn about line, value, tone, negative space, and perspective, and come away with the confidence to start making drawing a daily practice.

This course was created and produced by Will Kemp. We're honored to host this training in our library.

Topics include:
  • Materials you need to draw
  • Drawing theory
  • Framing your composition
  • Using the picture plane
  • Creating contrast
  • Using negative space to create more powerful compositions
  • Creating form from shadows and light
Subjects:
Design Drawing Design Skills
Author:
Will Kemp

Pencils

So now I'm going to introduce you to the different pencils that can be used, to achieve the different effects with drawing. And also talk through the pencils that will be used in this course, to give you the best range with the fewest amount of equipment. Okay? Let's get started. A pencil is often called a lead pencil, but it contains no lead in it at all. It's actually a mixture of graphite and clay. The clay is used as a binding agent. Solid graphite was first discovered in in the Lake district in the UK, an absolutely beautiful landscape in the north of England, about an hour away from where I live.

Graphite is the material that makes the black mark. So the higher the amount of graphite in the pencil, the blacker the mark. In Europe, the scale of pencils is measured in Bs and Hs. The B stands for black, and the H stands for hard. So the most common pencil for example, your office pencil an HB. This stands for hard black. So the more Bs, the softer the lead and the dark that result, the more Hs, the harder and lighter the lead. So if you're sketching very dark areas quickly, a 9B is great.

But if you're trying to draw a fine line with it, it's the wrong choice. The majority of pictures, you won't need to go as dark as the 9B, you just need to rub harder with a pencil, such as a 7B, just to get that darker mark. Harder pencils are perfect for architectural drawings. This is a 4H. See how this is a lot lighter, even though I'm adding the same amount of pressure. For this course, I'll be demonstrating with an HB, a 3B, and a 7B.

These are a nice split between the ranges. So you can get a sharp fine line with the HB, get a good variety with the 3B, and rub really dull with the 7B to get a nice dark tone to your drawings. So we can get a big tonal range, without worrying about choosing and swapping between a pencil every time we start a drawing.

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