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This is just to illustrate a variety of different marks you can make before tackling your final drawing. The first one is just a simple hatch. So what this helps to do is build up an area of tone but without being completely solid. So to solid up a hatch, what you do is what's called a cross hatch. So you just work across that first hatch. And this starts to build up again, a second layer of tone.
So you can work between having single hatches, and cross hatches, or you can keep on hatching at a slightly different angle every time, to darken that area. Then you've just got the basic shade where you don't really take the pencil off of the actual paper.
So this is applying an even pressure across the whole of the shade. You can also do a smudge once you've gotten the initial shade down, where you use your finger and you just blend that in. So you've still got a similar tone, it's just a slightly bit smoother than when you shade it just with the pencil.
If you've got a slightly softer pencil, this is a 6b, what you can do is you can take a soft brush and you can use that to smudge in or blend in an area. Also if you've just got some graphite dust, you can use the brush with that. It's very soft, blended effect. So you can also just use a dot. And again, what this does is build up that area of tone.
When you squint your eyes, it'll give you tone or shade. But you can just build it up, the more and more intensity of dots you put into that area. A broken line can be great, so that you can just literally pull the actual pencil off the page as you're working. Try to keep it as random as you can, and what this will just help to do is just give you areas that don't feel as solid. This is great for say the edge of a table top rather than having it as being one solid line.
If you just lift your pencil off and have it as a broken line, it will be a lot more aesthetically pleasing to the viewer. By using an underhand grip of your pencil, you could then do a heavy line and then lift it off and then get a very fine line and then heavy again. So I'm, like, making a line and then twisting the pencil, so I get that sharp edge and then pushing it down again so I get a softer edge, and then changing it again. You can also use this same underhand grip for get getting that side shade.
And notice how closely I'm holding onto the pencil really close to the end of the pencil. Be careful not to go too tight an angle, because what you'll start to do is, you'll pull off some of the color that's on the actual pencil. See, if I press it hard here, you see how I've got the blue coming off from the pencil. So you've just got to bear in mind not to do that if you're working with a overhand grip. If you're working this way round, you've got more control and more distance between the edge of the pencil and the actual page that you're working on.
Okay. So now we've seen a few varieties of different marks we can make. We've got all our tools, so now we can start our final project and start to incorporate these different shading techniques within the one image.
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