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Vertically aligning text


From:

CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Vertically aligning text

In the last video we talked about horizontal alignment of text and centering and right and left and that sort of think. You also vertically align text, although what's really more the case is that you can vertically align elements within text. As an example, let's take a look in our markup. Our h1 element, the about tea history has a B element inside of it which is used generally to change the color. The about tea is the B element and it sort of uses a stylistic hook, we're going to use it as a hook to look at vertical alignment.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 54s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 16s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 20s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 44s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 8s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 37s
    7. Specificity
      8m 20s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 37s
  4. 39m 2s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 34s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 1s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 12s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 28s
  6. 58m 27s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 21s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 37s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 22s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 38s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 36s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 39s
  10. 37m 22s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 41s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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Watch the Online Video Course CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subject:
Web
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Vertically aligning text

In the last video we talked about horizontal alignment of text and centering and right and left and that sort of think. You also vertically align text, although what's really more the case is that you can vertically align elements within text. As an example, let's take a look in our markup. Our h1 element, the about tea history has a B element inside of it which is used generally to change the color. The about tea is the B element and it sort of uses a stylistic hook, we're going to use it as a hook to look at vertical alignment.

So I'm going to go up here in our style sheet, I'm going to say h1 b, that's the boldface element that's inside h1 like the one that we're dealing with. So what we're going to say is vertical-align sub. This is sub as in subscript. So keep your eye in the about tea bit. Notice how it shifted down. That's subscripting. Effectively what a vertical line sub means is push this element down as though it was a subscript.

Doesn't say exactly how far that should be, doesn't say anything about changing the font size, you would think of a subscript as being a smaller font size, but that's not what vertical align sub means. It simply means change the vertical alignment of this element so that it's down a bit. There is, as you might expect a corresponding super for superscript, where the element is lifted up as a superscript would be the exact distance is not specified so different browsers might do is that it differently. There's no change of font size, it's simply lifted up into a superscript. Now, that's pretty simple. There are a variety of keywords like top and text top and text bottom these are not very often used and they are actually kind of difficult to explain. So really, I think once you sort of know the basics of vertical alignment doing more research on those always works.

Well there's also the ability of vertically aligning things using length measures like pixels or ems and in this case, vertical align 1em will mean take that b and move it up, the distance equivalent to the value of the font size for this element. So, there it is, it's pushed up what you might think of as a full line, but notice how the white area there, which is the background of the h1, notice how it got taller. The b element inside of the overall text of the h1 is changing actually the height of the line of text that is inside this h1, about tea history. That's all part of a single line of text. That line of text is getting taller, as we're changing vertical alignment to push the element up or down or whatever. So that actually illustrates how vertical alignment can affect the line height without you ever saying anything about the line height.

Even if we were to say line height 1em, the line box would get somewhat pushed apart or at least it could, so that's something to watch out for and there's a vertical- align baseline, which is the default. That means line up the baseline of this text with sort of the overall baseline of the line of text. You can have negative vertical alignments, should you so choose. This pushes the b element down. So that's a vertical alignment in a nut shell. It's actually not very common to use vertical alignment, but there are cases when you want to, for example with a superscript you might want to exactly control how much that goes up rather than saying vertical- align super which is effectively the default for superscript elements.

You might say vertical-align 0,5em so that will push it up half a line effectively. And then font size, you might want to exactly set what the font size should be. There's a faux superscript not that I know why you would ever superscript the words about tea colon, but in case you ever need it to, there's how you could do it, just is saying vertical-align 0,5em, font-size 0,7em and we'll see that effect. So that's vertical alignment for you.

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