Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Vertically aligning text

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Vertically aligning text

In the last video we talked about horizontal alignment of text and centering and right and left and that sort of think. You also vertically align text, although what's really more the case is that you can vertically align elements within text. As an example, let's take a look in our markup. Our h1 element, the about tea history has a B element inside of it which is used generally to change the color. The about tea is the B element and it sort of uses a stylistic hook, we're going to use it as a hook to look at vertical alignment.

Vertically aligning text

In the last video we talked about horizontal alignment of text and centering and right and left and that sort of think. You also vertically align text, although what's really more the case is that you can vertically align elements within text. As an example, let's take a look in our markup. Our h1 element, the about tea history has a B element inside of it which is used generally to change the color. The about tea is the B element and it sort of uses a stylistic hook, we're going to use it as a hook to look at vertical alignment.

So I'm going to go up here in our style sheet, I'm going to say h1 b, that's the boldface element that's inside h1 like the one that we're dealing with. So what we're going to say is vertical-align sub. This is sub as in subscript. So keep your eye in the about tea bit. Notice how it shifted down. That's subscripting. Effectively what a vertical line sub means is push this element down as though it was a subscript.

Doesn't say exactly how far that should be, doesn't say anything about changing the font size, you would think of a subscript as being a smaller font size, but that's not what vertical align sub means. It simply means change the vertical alignment of this element so that it's down a bit. There is, as you might expect a corresponding super for superscript, where the element is lifted up as a superscript would be the exact distance is not specified so different browsers might do is that it differently. There's no change of font size, it's simply lifted up into a superscript. Now, that's pretty simple. There are a variety of keywords like top and text top and text bottom these are not very often used and they are actually kind of difficult to explain. So really, I think once you sort of know the basics of vertical alignment doing more research on those always works.

Well there's also the ability of vertically aligning things using length measures like pixels or ems and in this case, vertical align 1em will mean take that b and move it up, the distance equivalent to the value of the font size for this element. So, there it is, it's pushed up what you might think of as a full line, but notice how the white area there, which is the background of the h1, notice how it got taller. The b element inside of the overall text of the h1 is changing actually the height of the line of text that is inside this h1, about tea history. That's all part of a single line of text. That line of text is getting taller, as we're changing vertical alignment to push the element up or down or whatever. So that actually illustrates how vertical alignment can affect the line height without you ever saying anything about the line height.

Even if we were to say line height 1em, the line box would get somewhat pushed apart or at least it could, so that's something to watch out for and there's a vertical- align baseline, which is the default. That means line up the baseline of this text with sort of the overall baseline of the line of text. You can have negative vertical alignments, should you so choose. This pushes the b element down. So that's a vertical alignment in a nut shell. It's actually not very common to use vertical alignment, but there are cases when you want to, for example with a superscript you might want to exactly control how much that goes up rather than saying vertical- align super which is effectively the default for superscript elements.

You might say vertical-align 0,5em so that will push it up half a line effectively. And then font size, you might want to exactly set what the font size should be. There's a faux superscript not that I know why you would ever superscript the words about tea colon, but in case you ever need it to, there's how you could do it, just is saying vertical-align 0,5em, font-size 0,7em and we'll see that effect. So that's vertical alignment for you.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for CSS Web Site Design
CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 61078 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed CSS Web Site Design.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.