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Using linked and embedded style sheets together

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Using linked and embedded style sheets together

We've seen how style sheets can be embedded and also how there can be linked to style sheets and not only, but multiple linked style sheets. What we're going to look at in this video is how there can be both linked and embedded style sheets in the same document. In this case, we have our layouts, but if you take a close look at the sidebar over there on the right, to the tee of the day and post archive headings don't look quite the same as they did in previous chapters.

Using linked and embedded style sheets together

We've seen how style sheets can be embedded and also how there can be linked to style sheets and not only, but multiple linked style sheets. What we're going to look at in this video is how there can be both linked and embedded style sheets in the same document. In this case, we have our layouts, but if you take a close look at the sidebar over there on the right, to the tee of the day and post archive headings don't look quite the same as they did in previous chapters.

So what we're going to do is we're going to add to the styles that have been linked in the external style sheet by doing some styling here in the CSS. Now, what we have here is we have an embedded style sheet that already has the beginnings of a rule set up. We already have our selector and all we need to do now is start to fill in some styles, some declarations to be precise about it. Ok, so there is just a very basic start and if we go back over to Firefox we discover upon reloading that we have some background color.

At this point, of course, you haven't seen really what background means or exactly how it works, that will come in later chapters. For now, let's just concentrate on the fact that the styles can come on together. We keep going with this and a, in so doing, more complicated presentation more complex presentation.

All the things that I put up here will be covered in later chapters. So if we go back to the web browser and hit the reload, we see even more changes. Again, just like when we had two linked style sheets working together, here we have a linked and an embedded style sheet that work together. The styles from the external style sheet, ex0206.css, are brought in via the link and the embedded style sheets styles are, the two are combined, the embedded style sheet and the links style sheet are combined, any conflicts are resolved and the final aggregate product which is the presentation style sheet is used to style the page. Now there is something I wanted to point out here now that we have this embedded style sheet, which is that if you wanted to, you could rearrange this so that it's perhaps more readable to you if I didn't like the way it was set up before. This arrangement, and the arrangement that we had before, are exactly equivalent. CSS doesn't care how exactly you set up your declarations, in fact, you can set them up so they look at this with extra spaces between declarations and values we'll put a little extra bit there so that every declaration, every property value pair is on its own line, if we go back and hit the reload, nothing changes, because this is exactly the same as what we had before. It's just written a little bit differently. This allows each author and allows you to develop your own style for writing out CSS. You can pick a writing style that works best for you that you find easiest to read. Some people will find this sort of thing, easy to read, some people will take this sort of approach and some will do more like what I did where there are multiple declarations per line. Any of these are exactly equivalent to the others. So you're pretty much free to develop your own writing style as long as you remain to the basic syntax rules of separating a property and a value with a colon, and ending a declaration with a semicolon and having curly braces around the entire declaration, bracket, those are some things you, you don't get to change but in terms of the whitespace, if you want to have every declaration on it's own line, you can do that or if you just want to have every rule be just one little long line of text you can do that to.

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This video is part of

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CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 61639 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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