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Transforming text

From: CSS: Core Concepts

Video: Transforming text

You can't always control how text is entered or formatted on your site. When working with a content management system for example, text might be coming in from a database with very little control over who enters the text, or how it's originally typed in. You know imagine, for example, a scenario where every item in the list was supposed to be capitalized, but the author just didn't enter the text that way. You know, rather than edit the text in the database, you can simply use the Text Transform property to capitalize the text the correct way.

Transforming text

You can't always control how text is entered or formatted on your site. When working with a content management system for example, text might be coming in from a database with very little control over who enters the text, or how it's originally typed in. You know imagine, for example, a scenario where every item in the list was supposed to be capitalized, but the author just didn't enter the text that way. You know, rather than edit the text in the database, you can simply use the Text Transform property to capitalize the text the correct way.

Using Text Transform, you can control the case of any element on the page, so let's do that. So I have the transform.htm page opened and you can find that in the 04_05 folder. So very briefly, let me go through the structure of the page. If I scroll down, I can see that inside of our article I have a headline that says Transforming Text, a bit of foreshadowing here, I notice that none of these words are capitalized. Inside that I have a paragraph that talks a little bit about the Text Transform property but we've got some texture in this.

For example, I want all of this to be uppercase. This on the other hand should be lowercase. So we're going to add a little bit of additional structure to that in just a moment in order to make that happen. But let's first introduce the Text Transform property by working with our heading 1. So I'm going to go right up here to the heading 1 style and I'm going to use the text-transform. So a lot of the properties we've been using so far are a font-something, in this case it's text-transform.

And our values, again, Aptana has been nice to show me this. We have capitalized inherit, which you know again just sort of generic keyword. We have lowercase, none, which would undo any transformation that you've done in a previous style, and upper case. So let's take a look at what those will do for us. So I'm just going to do Text Transform:capitalize; So I'm going to go ahead and save that, test this in one of my browsers and sure enough that headline is now capitalized even though the text in the page isn't.

All right, now I'm going to go back down into my code and I'm just going to use some span tags here. I am going to take this text so as, for example, I want all this to be upper case and I'm going to wrap this in a span tag. I'm going to do the same thing with the word THIS, so I'm going to highlight the word 'THIS' and I'm going to go ahead and wrap that in a span tag as well. So I'm going to save this and I'm going to go up to my selectors here, and I'm just going to go ahead and create a couple of classes to help us out here.

So the first class selector I'm going to do is upper, and I'm going to go ahead and give it the Text Transform property. And as you can imagine, I'm going to go ahead and give it uppercase as the value. And then I'm going to create one called lower, text-transform: lowercase, here we go. So I'm going to save that and now the only thing I really I have to do is go down to the span tags, in the first span tag, I'm going to go ahead and do a class of upper, and then in the second span tag, I'm just going to go ahead and apply the class of lower.

So I'm going to go ahead and save that, go back to my browser and refresh the page and sure enough, I want this to be all uppercase, it's indeed now in all uppercase, and the word THIS which was in all caps now just is in lowercase. So the Text Transform, is incredibly easy to use, it gives you a fair amount of power over the case of your text. Do remember though that the changes that you're making here are just visual changes. The change is only made within the browser, that means that the actual content in the page does remain in its original case, that's important to remember if you're working with text that's ever being exported or being syndicated in some way or another.

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This video is part of

Image for CSS: Core Concepts
CSS: Core Concepts

81 video lessons · 43528 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 4m 57s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      4m 2s
  2. 1h 7m
    1. Exploring default styling
      4m 56s
    2. CSS authoring tools
      2m 29s
    3. CSS syntax
      4m 45s
    4. Writing a selector
      4m 10s
    5. Setting properties
      8m 40s
    6. Common units of measurement
      7m 47s
    7. Inline styles
      5m 1s
    8. Embedded styles
      5m 19s
    9. Using external style sheets
      10m 34s
    10. Checking for browser support
      8m 48s
    11. Dealing with browser inconsistencies
      5m 30s
  3. 2h 15m
    1. Structuring HTML correctly
      2m 51s
    2. Element selectors
      4m 52s
    3. Class selectors
      6m 4s
    4. ID selectors
      3m 27s
    5. Using classes and IDs
      10m 7s
    6. Element-specific selectors
      4m 35s
    7. The universal selector
      5m 42s
    8. Grouping selectors
      4m 49s
    9. Descendent selectors
      7m 32s
    10. Child selectors
      5m 7s
    11. Adjacent selectors
      5m 30s
    12. Attribute selectors
      12m 43s
    13. Pseudo-class selectors
      3m 54s
    14. Dynamic pseudo-class selectors
      8m 29s
    15. Structural pseudo-class selectors
      6m 45s
    16. Nth-child selectors
      13m 10s
    17. Pseudo-element selectors
      12m 40s
    18. Targeting page content: Lab
      8m 56s
    19. Targeting page content: Solution
      7m 59s
  4. 42m 39s
    1. What happens when styles conflict?
      4m 0s
    2. Understanding the cascade
      5m 47s
    3. Using inheritance
      6m 11s
    4. Selector specificity
      6m 55s
    5. The !important declaration
      4m 5s
    6. Reducing conflicts through planning
      3m 33s
    7. Resolving conflicts: Lab
      6m 45s
    8. Resolving conflicts: Solution
      5m 23s
  5. 1h 47m
    1. Setting a font family
      7m 10s
    2. Using @font-face
      9m 18s
    3. Setting font size
      7m 35s
    4. Font style and font weight
      6m 52s
    5. Transforming text
      3m 58s
    6. Using text variants
      2m 49s
    7. Text decoration options
      4m 26s
    8. Setting text color
      3m 2s
    9. Writing font shorthand notation
      8m 49s
    10. Controlling text alignment
      6m 33s
    11. Letter and word spacing
      9m 11s
    12. Indenting text
      4m 30s
    13. Adjusting paragraph line height
      10m 30s
    14. Controlling the space between elements
      6m 41s
    15. Basic text formatting: Lab
      8m 45s
    16. Basic text formatting: Solution
      7m 14s
  6. 2h 1m
    1. Understanding the box model
      16m 53s
    2. Controlling element spacing
      14m 29s
    3. Controlling interior spacing
      10m 49s
    4. Margin and padding shorthand notation
      6m 27s
    5. Adding borders
      8m 57s
    6. Defining element size
      10m 7s
    7. Creating rounded corners
      6m 58s
    8. Background properties
      2m 51s
    9. Using background images
      5m 10s
    10. Controlling image positioning
      10m 25s
    11. Using multiple backgrounds
      7m 5s
    12. Background shorthand notation
      5m 25s
    13. Styling container elements: Lab
      7m 55s
    14. Styling container elements: Solution
      8m 17s
  7. 47m 51s
    1. Color keyword definitions
      5m 4s
    2. Understanding hexadecimal notation
      6m 5s
    3. Using RGB values
      4m 58s
    4. Using HSL values
      5m 17s
    5. Working with opacity
      2m 23s
    6. Using RGBa and HSLa
      3m 8s
    7. Styling drop shadows
      5m 38s
    8. CSS gradients
      6m 32s
    9. Working with color: Lab
      4m 26s
    10. Working with color: Solution
      4m 20s
  8. 1m 58s
    1. Additional resources
      1m 58s

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