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Text decoration

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Text decoration

So in this video, we're going to discuss text decoration, which is not the process of hanging Christmas ornaments on your text, although in essence it is about text ornamentation, only in this case the ornaments are things like underlining and overlining. So, if you look at our page here, we already have some text that has text decoration. The links in the nav bar, about us, brewing, drinking, products, contact us, those all have underlining. We may decide that we want to get rid of that underlining. So what we can do is say navlinks a text-decoration none. Having done that, the text decoration goes away, there is no text decoration on those links.

Text decoration

So in this video, we're going to discuss text decoration, which is not the process of hanging Christmas ornaments on your text, although in essence it is about text ornamentation, only in this case the ornaments are things like underlining and overlining. So, if you look at our page here, we already have some text that has text decoration. The links in the nav bar, about us, brewing, drinking, products, contact us, those all have underlining. We may decide that we want to get rid of that underlining. So what we can do is say navlinks a text-decoration none. Having done that, the text decoration goes away, there is no text decoration on those links.

We can decorate or undecorate, pretty much whatever we want. The default for text decoration as you might imagine is none. We could underline our h1s text and there we go. We have the h1 text underlined. Of course, now, a user coming into this who is been conditioned to think that all underlined text is linkage and all non-underlined text is not. Might look at this and say, well that's weird they've got the text across there in that purple bar that isn't really linking but then is this about tea history that's a link. I wonder what happens if I click on it and nothing happens and they get really frustrated.

That is a possibility that you have to watch out for. Notice something else. The underlying color takes its color from the text color of the h1 and the about tea part, which doesn't actually have an underline has that blue underline go underneath it. We'll get back to that in just a little bit here. You can actually combine facts. You could both overline and underline some text, or you could just overline it, or heck, if you want it to, for some particular reason, you could underline, overline and line through it and zoozoozoom!, there you have it.

You don't have to do all that, you could just do line-through. Text decoration acts like a shorthand property and then you can have overline, underlined and line through and you can have them in any order, but there isn't like a text decoration underlying property. There are no other properties for this to be a shorthand too, so technically it's not a shorthand property, it just sort of acts like one. So you can combine underline, overline and line through, in any order you want in any fashion you want on a given element.

Let's take this back actually to just underline and overline. Now we'll go back to the bit where we have this dream text and this purple underline and overline that go past it. This is how a text decoration works in effect. If you have a descendent element, I'll go down and take a look at it, there's our h1 with the b element and the b element gets a different color than the h1 element, but we decorated the h1, we didn't decorate the b element. So the decoration for the main h1 goes past that b element.

And if we wanted to turn off the text decoration it's really basically impossible on the b, is basically impossible to do so because if we say text-decoration none, what we've done is we've said, do the default, this right here. There is no decoration on the b element, there's decoration going past it. That's not quite the same thing. So if I hit Reload, nothing will happen because I can't turn off the text decoration around the b element. I could if I were willing to sort of burn the house down, say, underline and overline for my text-decoration, but then I'd also have to make the color of the b element white and there, I turned off the text decoration, but I also turned off the text. It's not visible anymore. The reason that works is that and here's another way to do this, we can just set the text decoration underline overline on the b element, basically it's underline and overline get drawn over the h1s underline and overline, which we can see by using vertical align, which is a holdover from the one of the previous videos.

Suppose I shove that up a bit, you can see that the b element has its own text decoration and the h1 has it's text decoration and the only reason that the Green overline and underline were there and the purple wasn't and was that the green ones were literally drawn on top of the purple ones. So that's kind of the deal with text decoration if you have an element inside of another element and that outside element has text decoration, you can't turn off quote to quote text decoration around the inner element. You can try to fake your way around it but it becomes rather difficult to do. So, there's a little caveat about text decoration, but in general, you can underline, overline, line through or you can remove text decoration from things like hyperlinks if you don't want them to be underlined for some reason.

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This video is part of

Image for CSS Web Site Design
CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 61072 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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