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CSS Web Site Design

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Styling tables and captions

In this chapter we're going to talk about styling tables. Now, you might think yourself, wait a minute, tables, I thought this was what we're getting away from and we're not actually talking about tables for layout, we're talking about actual table tables, like the post archive calendar, which here, for this particular chapter we've moved it up above tea of the day to make it a little easier see. Now, when do things to it. There's nothing wrong with tables, the tables are not evil, tables were never evil, tables were just really egregiously abused and made to do things that they were never intended to do and one of the problems with tables I had is that it was really bloated and inefficient and made pages huge and difficult to deal with.

Styling tables and captions

In this chapter we're going to talk about styling tables. Now, you might think yourself, wait a minute, tables, I thought this was what we're getting away from and we're not actually talking about tables for layout, we're talking about actual table tables, like the post archive calendar, which here, for this particular chapter we've moved it up above tea of the day to make it a little easier see. Now, when do things to it. There's nothing wrong with tables, the tables are not evil, tables were never evil, tables were just really egregiously abused and made to do things that they were never intended to do and one of the problems with tables I had is that it was really bloated and inefficient and made pages huge and difficult to deal with.

On the other hand, there is information that is tabular in nature. If you had a financial summary that would be a table or a monthly calendar as far as I'm concerned is a table. You have columns representing the days of the week and you have rows representing weeks of the month. That's to me is a table. It's possible to create a monthly calendar without using any table markup, but for me and I've just never really seen why you would do that even if I've created examples showing ii. Pretty much I've created examples and say, hey, this is how you would do a monthly calendar without a table and this is also why you shouldn't. So, what we have here, over in the post archive box is a table and actually everything below the post archive heading, the July 2006, the Sunday Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, all the numbers, those are all enclosed in a table.

Now, what we're going to do is take a quick look and actually we're going to zip down here, and you can see here, there's a table, and it has a caption, there's a caption element, and then there's a table head, the t head element with some table headers and a t body element, table body with a bunch of rows and a bunch of table cells, and each of those table cells actually has a class indicating which day of the week it is, we'll see why that is in our later videos in this chapter. What we're going to do here, the first we're going to do is make this a little bit smaller, just very simply.

I'm going to make the whole thing smaller, which will shrink it down. OK. Now, that's ok and you can do that, and it might also be nice to pull a little bit of a margin on here to push it away from the post archive header and also to center it. We talked about this in the videos on margins, in the previous chapter, and we're going to recap it here just a little bit. A 1em top margin and automatic, auto left gray margins, which will center it inside the box.

Now we have this caption. Actually this is where something interesting comes in. You notice that space opened up between the table and the caption and that's actually something of a point of contention. The caption is within the table, so it really should be inside of the tables margin, but that's not what happened here, so, what we may want to do instead is change this so that the table doesn't have any actual margin, but the caption element does have a top margin and that will push it down to where we're looking for it to be.

We might also want to say, instead of just margin-top, margin 1em auto and then no bottom margin, and that will pop and line out the way that we wanted. This is the case where using, you know, the same auto margins for the captions and the table and putting in margin on the caption instead of the table. Whether or not that's the way it should be down, is as I say a matter of at least some debate, but for cross browser consistency is surely the best way to go.

There is one thing that probably we should do here though, the month. Let's make that a little bigger and bolder so that it's a little more obvious. We already said that we wanted the font size of the table to be smaller. So we can make the font size of the caption be larger which, in any sane browser implementation would take the font size of the caption back up to where it was before we made the whole table smaller. Basically go down one font size and that we'll be smaller and then go back up one level with larger, get back to where we were before and then we can, you know, with the font-weight make it bold faced and now, July 2006, stands out a little bit more. We can fiddle with the padding and the margins and the caption for its placement but this is pretty good the way it is.

It's a nice way to have something that's associated with the table, that captions it without having to add like another heading or something like that, in order to say July 2006. So that's a very basic styling of tables in terms of font sizing and margins. In the next video, we're going to get into styling more directly and some of the elements within the table.

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This video is part of

Image for CSS Web Site Design
CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 61872 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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