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Styling header tags

From: Creating a CSS Style Guide: Hands-On Training

Video: Styling header tags

Using the padding and margins correctly really helps to make the page look like a page. When I'm starting to work on a page and try to get the balance between the layout and the styling, I always try to nail the layout before I start doing the styles within the document. My rule of thumb is if you don't know how to start styling a document, work from the outside in. So we have styled the body, we have styled the content div and now we are ready to go in and style the elements that we set up semantically in the HTML document.

Styling header tags

Using the padding and margins correctly really helps to make the page look like a page. When I'm starting to work on a page and try to get the balance between the layout and the styling, I always try to nail the layout before I start doing the styles within the document. My rule of thumb is if you don't know how to start styling a document, work from the outside in. So we have styled the body, we have styled the content div and now we are ready to go in and style the elements that we set up semantically in the HTML document.

The first things that I would like to style will be the headers, h1, h2, h3. This is really easy to do inside of Dreamweaver. Simply place your I-beam in the first header, h1. This is our main header. Return to the CSS panel and select New CSS Rule. When the New CSS dialog box opens we are only interested in creating a style for the h1 tag. So for selector type, choose Tag. Notice that we are just right where we want to be because our I-beam is in that area.

Again, by default Dreamweaver will continue to save our styles and define them inside of our external style sheet. Let's click on the OK button. The dialog box opens up and for this main heading the first thing I want to do is change the color. As I told you before I took my Eyedropper and developed a palette for this style guide. And now I'm going to use those predefined colors throughout this markup that we are doing in the next few lessons. Be sure to type the hash mark. Your color will not display properly without the hash mark.

The color I want to use is C28C3C and just Tab to see that show up in the little color swatch box. To preview this select the Apply button. That looks great. Now that we have applied the color to the main heading, you can see how preselecting and defining your color palette makes your whole page work and how the family of colors does in fact relate to what we have chosen inside the image header.

Now place your I-beam into subheading or h2. So we can style this one. Again, move to the CSS panels. Select the New CSS Rule. In selector type, choose Tag. That isolates it so all we see is the tag and let's leave this at its default. Select OK. Again we want to work in the Type category and choose some different things. For Font-variant, I would like to display the subheader as small-caps.

Select Apply to see how that looks. Good. And I also want to apply another color from my palette. Put your I-beam into the color box, type your hash mark first, 717B7E. Go ahead and Tab. It's a dark gray green. Select the Apply button. Looks good. I also want to go into the Box category because to go along with my idea about information hierarchy I would like the subheading to be slightly indented from the main heading. Select Box, deselect Margin and I'm going to give it a Left margin of 10 pixels. You may ask how do I know whether to use 10 pixels, 20 pixels, I really did spend some time trying different things out. And then using the Apply button kept checking to see how it looked proportionally with what I was doing inside of the dialog box.

So I'm happy with the 10 pixels. I don't want something radical. I just wanted a subtle indentation to alert the user this is of slightly less importance than the main heading. Let's click OK. For the last heading put your I-beam inside of that text. Return to the CSS panels. Click New CSS Rule, choose your selector type Tag, leave the Rule Definition as it is. Select OK. Inside the CSS Rule definition dialog box we will continue to work with our Type category. For the Font-weight I want to choose normal. For the Font-variant I would like it to be small-caps. I'm not going to change the color on this one. We are going to leave it that dark gray.

I am going to choose the Box category. Deselect Same for All under Margin. In the Left margin, I'm going to type 20 pixels. If you don't indicate another type of measurement Dreamweaver will automatically assume that you want pixels. Notice how it just defaults to pixels. Let's click the Apply button and there we go. Let's click OK. Now this is good semantic markup. This is the most important. This draws your eye with the color first. The subheading has a slightly different style to differentiate it but doesn't seem as important as the main heading and the small subset heading that we might use throughout different articles and things, although much smaller reads as less important. So, most important to less important. Now on to some of the body text and the list, let's style those.

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This video is part of

Image for Creating a CSS Style Guide: Hands-On Training
Creating a CSS Style Guide: Hands-On Training

35 video lessons · 28042 viewers

Laurie Burruss
Author

 
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  1. 6m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Objective of this course
      3m 38s
    3. Using the exercise files
      2m 11s
  2. 28m 26s
    1. Starting Dreamweaver for the first time
      3m 38s
    2. Defining a website
      4m 3s
    3. Understanding the Dreamweaver interface
      9m 43s
    4. Setting up a custom workspace
      4m 10s
    5. Setting essential preferences
      6m 52s
  3. 56m 54s
    1. Laying out a page in a text document
      3m 40s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      3m 27s
    3. Inserting an image
      8m 22s
    4. Marking up text using the Property Inspector
      6m 48s
    5. Marking up text by hand
      9m 21s
    6. Inserting, formatting, and selecting a table
      8m 16s
    7. Creating links
      12m 26s
    8. Styling a footer
      4m 34s
  4. 22m 15s
    1. Using Modify Page Properties to create embedded styles
      12m 22s
    2. Creating links with CSS
      4m 55s
    3. Working with Code, Split, and Design views
      4m 58s
  5. 8m 52s
    1. Defining browsers to test a web page
      2m 24s
    2. Previewing a web page in a browser
      6m 28s
  6. 16m 44s
    1. Using a span tag to add a class and customize appearance
      10m 34s
    2. Using the Tag Inspector to create and edit additional styles
      6m 10s
  7. 48m 42s
    1. Exporting existing styles into an external style sheet
      7m 0s
    2. Using the CSS Styles panel to add a new style
      5m 43s
    3. Using the div tag to create a content container
      11m 8s
    4. Overriding the default browser styles
      2m 46s
    5. Applying padding and margins
      4m 57s
    6. Styling header tags
      5m 34s
    7. Creating and styling compound tags
      5m 12s
    8. Editing preexisting rules
      6m 22s
  8. 19m 36s
    1. Improving the Footer
      5m 12s
    2. Commenting a CSS style sheet
      7m 0s
    3. Creating a custom color palette
      7m 24s
  9. 3m 6s
    1. Style sheet final review
      3m 6s

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