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Discover how to make your website more readable and efficient across various screen sizes and devices. Join author Chris Converse as he shares his own specialized techniques for creating a responsive site. The course takes the site from start-to-finish, from comping your ideas in Photoshop, to setting up the HTML page and containers, to styling established elements for small, medium, and large screens. In particular, Chris shows how to load images with CSS, reposition the nav bar for better viewing on mobile devices, and how to make the download time faster for small screens by providing multiple versions of your banner graphic and other images. Plus, learn how to replace graphics with high-resolution versions for Retina displays using CSS media queries.
This course was created and produced by Chris Converse. lynda.com is honored to host this training in our library.
Now to target small screens, let's come back to our text editor. Let's choose File > Open. From the myWebsite folder, go into the css directory and let's open up screen_layout_small.css. Now, inside of here, we're going to start by targeting the header, beginning and ending bracket. We're going to set a height of 75 pixels. We're going to set background: url(../images/banner_small.jpg).
Set no-repeat, set right for the X position, and 0 pixels for the Y position. Let's hit a few returns. Now let's target the logo, so header a.logo. Now we'll set the brackets. Let's split that open. The first property is going to be width. We're going to set that to 105 pixels. Next, we're going to set the height to 40 pixels. Next, we're going to set the top property to 16 pixels.
We're going to set the right property to 15 pixels. And then finally, we're going to set the background-image: url(../images/logo_small.png);. After header, let's come in here and let's quickly add in our article.
Put in our brackets. For the padding here, we're going to set 20 pixels on the top, 20 on the right, 10 on the bottom, and 20 on the left, and then hit Save. Let's come back out to our browser. Let's hit Reload, and let's resize the browser down to under 500 pixels. So once we hit that threshold here, we can see the difference between medium, which is here, and small. So now our header is now showing up at only 75 pixels. We have the smaller version of our logo, and we have the extra padding around the article area.
Now that we have the header and logo and article styles for small screens, next we'll focus on the navigation element.
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