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CSS: Styling Navigation

Stripping list styling


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CSS: Styling Navigation

with James Williamson

Video: Stripping list styling

In this chapter we're going to turn our attention to creating horizontal menus. Although they're a little bit more complex than vertical menus, they actually use many of the same techniques. That means that we're going to be covering a lot of those steps again in this chapter, which is a good thing, because it reinforces the techniques themselves, and it highlights the steps that are consistent regardless of which type of menu you're working with. Knowing what's needed for both types of menus can really help you when you're planning out your global styles.
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  1. 3m 8s
    1. Welcome
      42s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 14s
  2. 35m 25s
    1. Organizing menus with lists
      4m 26s
    2. Ensuring accessibility
      9m 3s
    3. Using the nav element
      7m 30s
    4. Creating block-level links
      3m 8s
    5. Lab: Structuring navigation
      4m 11s
    6. Solution: Structuring navigation
      7m 7s
  3. 48m 42s
    1. Exploring link style considerations
      9m 2s
    2. Using global link styles
      9m 56s
    3. Styling link states
      10m 57s
    4. Indicating external links
      10m 4s
    5. Styling image links
      8m 43s
  4. 52m 5s
    1. Stripping default list styling
      4m 34s
    2. Defining link dimensions
      6m 0s
    3. Setting link styling
      3m 36s
    4. Aligning links vertically
      4m 11s
    5. Controlling link spacing
      2m 30s
    6. Styling menus with borders
      2m 32s
    7. Creating rollovers
      4m 45s
    8. Restricting link styling
      3m 31s
    9. Lab: Creating a vertical menu
      11m 44s
    10. Solution: Creating a vertical menu
      8m 42s
  5. 54m 58s
    1. Stripping list styling
      3m 35s
    2. Displaying links horizontally
      6m 14s
    3. Clearing floats
      6m 12s
    4. Controlling link sizing and spacing
      3m 11s
    5. Styling links
      7m 16s
    6. Creating rollovers
      5m 52s
    7. Indicating current pages
      4m 43s
    8. Controlling cursor states
      2m 46s
    9. Lab: Creating horizontal menus
      6m 45s
    10. Solution: Creating horizontal menus
      8m 24s
  6. 55m 35s
    1. Overview of dropdown menus
      1m 17s
    2. Structuring submenus
      5m 56s
    3. Styling submenus
      6m 4s
    4. Creating submenu rollovers
      3m 28s
    5. Positioning submenus
      5m 43s
    6. Controlling submenu display
      5m 5s
    7. Creating persistent hover states
      5m 53s
    8. Animating menus with CSS transitions
      6m 29s
    9. Lab: Dropdown menus
      6m 51s
    10. Solution: Dropdown menus
      8m 49s
  7. 58m 7s
    1. Creating CSS-only buttons
      8m 39s
    2. Creating special effects for buttons
      4m 2s
    3. Enhancing buttons with gradients
      7m 40s
    4. Overview of CSS sprites
      3m 30s
    5. Using CSS sprites for icons
      14m 30s
    6. Styling block-level links
      8m 38s
    7. Lab: Enhancing navigation with CSS
      5m 26s
    8. Solution: Enhancing navigation with CSS
      5m 42s
  8. 6m 29s
    1. Additional resources
      6m 29s

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CSS: Styling Navigation
5h 14m Beginner Nov 16, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Join James Williamson, as he shows you how to create elegant menus, links, and buttons that help visitors navigate your site faster and more intuitively. The course covers creating structured navigation that is accessible and clean, styling links, and building horizontal and vertical menus with rollover effects. The last chapter reveals how to create stylish buttons with special effects and CSS sprites.

Topics include:
  • Organizing menus with lists
  • Creating block-level links
  • Styling links, link states, and image links
  • Defining link dimensions
  • Controlling link spacing in a menu
  • Creating rollovers
  • Clearing floats
  • Indicating current pages
  • Controlling cursor states
  • Building dropdown menus
  • Creating CSS-only buttons
Subjects:
Developer Web Web Design Web Development
Software:
CSS
Author:
James Williamson

Stripping list styling

In this chapter we're going to turn our attention to creating horizontal menus. Although they're a little bit more complex than vertical menus, they actually use many of the same techniques. That means that we're going to be covering a lot of those steps again in this chapter, which is a good thing, because it reinforces the techniques themselves, and it highlights the steps that are consistent regardless of which type of menu you're working with. Knowing what's needed for both types of menus can really help you when you're planning out your global styles.

As we start to build a horizontal menu, we're going to begin at the exact same place we started with our vertical menus, which is to remove the default list styling. Before we do that, however, I want to just take a look at what we're going to be building over the course of this chapter. So I have the finished version of our horizontal menu opened up in the browser, and as you can see, it has a couple of things that the vertical menu did not. The first is an indicator of the current page, so we're going to tackle how to indicate where the browser currently is within your site.

And then it's got this nice two-toned color navigation background bar to it. And then the rollovers look like tabs, almost like the current page indicator, but obviously they're a little bit more interactive. So I'm going to open up horizontal.htm which you can find in the 04_01 directory. Now before we get into writing our first selector, I want to point out something about this menu. If I scroll down I can see that this menu is just a smidge more complex than the one we we're building in the vertical menu chapter, and that's because we have the addition of a nav element all the way around it.

You know, most of the time when you create a vertical or a horizontal menu, you're probably not going to have just the unordered list, sometimes you will, and you could use a class or an ID to identify the purpose behind the unordered list. But most times it'll be wrapped within either a nav element or some type of div tag or some other structure to indicate its purpose. So I went ahead and reflected that there, and we're going to use that to our advantage a little bit later on, as we use the nav element as not only as a way to identify this unordered list, but also as a styling hook as well.

So the first thing I want to do, I'm going to scroll up into my CSS, and it's at very bottom of it, I have a little comment there that says the horizontal menu styles go here. So again, the first thing we want to do is just strip out all of that sort of default list styling, and I'm just going to write a selector that says ul, li and of course doing that is going to style not only the unordered list but the list item as well, so I'm kind of just killing two birds with one stone here. So inside of that I'm going to type in a margin of 0, and I'm going to do a padding of 0.

Again, remember a lot of browsers will control the indent of list items and list by using a combination of margins and padding, so by stripping both of them out, you're stripping all of that default styling. And just underneath that I'm going to set list-style to none. So if I save that and preview this in my browser as well, we can see that our horizontal menu is starting off exactly where we started off with the vertical menu last time, which is an unordered list of links with the default list styling stripped out of it.

Essentially, we are starting at the exact same place that we did with our vertical menus. Now, rather than moving on to styling the links this time, we're actually going to need to do another step first, and that would be to display our links horizontally, and we're going to tackle that in the next exercise.

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