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CSS Web Site Design
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Simple floating


From:

CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Simple floating

For this movie, I'm going to talk about simple floating, as opposed to the more complex floating. Actually, what I mean by simple floating is just the act of taking an image and putting it over to one side and letting a regular text just flow around it. It's a very common effect and I'm sure you've seen it on the web many a time, you've see in print many a time so here's how it's done. If you take a look here in the legendary origins of tea portion, there's an image of a tea kettle, which is been there throughout, but at this point, it actually needs a little help. This is the way that an image would appear if it didn't have some floating applied to it and in this case, I've put little square brackets and hyphens on either side of it, so that when it actually does float we can see the point in the text where it was before we floated it.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subjects:
Web Web Design
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Simple floating

For this movie, I'm going to talk about simple floating, as opposed to the more complex floating. Actually, what I mean by simple floating is just the act of taking an image and putting it over to one side and letting a regular text just flow around it. It's a very common effect and I'm sure you've seen it on the web many a time, you've see in print many a time so here's how it's done. If you take a look here in the legendary origins of tea portion, there's an image of a tea kettle, which is been there throughout, but at this point, it actually needs a little help. This is the way that an image would appear if it didn't have some floating applied to it and in this case, I've put little square brackets and hyphens on either side of it, so that when it actually does float we can see the point in the text where it was before we floated it.

So we go over to our Exercise file and just very simply, so if we want it to go to the left, we're going to float it to the left and go back to the web browser and hit Reload, there you go, has floated to the left and you can see the little tie fighter shaped character sequence. They are right near the image, actually with the little square brackets and hyphens.

The image is still, I mean in the document source, the IMG element is still right there, but in terms of layout it's been floated to the side and the term float comes from actually the original description of this capability when it was added to Netscape 1.1, way, way back in the day, that you're able to float an image in which it floats to one side. That's just literally how it was described. You can float left or you can float right, either one, you can't float center, sorry, really your only choices for floating are left, right or none.

None is the default, of course. Things don't float by default. So it's been moved over to the left. Of course it's a little bit crowded here. The text is right up against that image, which is just typically the way it is. There's no reason for the text to avoid the image at this point, any more than it absolutely has to. But this, you'll notice that the text is of course flowing around at the best it can. So we'll push the text away from the image by adding a margin to it. So let's see, margin, we can use pixels here, we can give it a top margin of 10 pixels and the right margin of 10 pixels, bottom margin of 10 pixels and well, let's go all the way around.

So that we'll put 10 pixels of margin on each side. And if we hit Reload, you can see that the images push the text away from itself. That's the margin actually. The margin has been applied directly to the image, is part of the floated image and so the text can't overlap the margin. That's why it's pushed away from the image a bit, but notice too, that the image itself, because of that 10 pixels left margin has pushed itself inward a little bit and its left edge is no longer lined up with the, the left edge of all the rest of the text. So if we go back and we make that left margin zero, then taking that away means that the image won't be pushed inward anymore, it will float left as far as it can and stop, but the top, right and bottom margins are still keeping text away from the visible portion of the image. We can decide that we want less top margin and more right margin or it could be em based, which is actually one of my usual favorite things to do, it will become very familiar before we're all done here. If we hit Reload, that's a little different in terms of placement, but with the em based margins, that means that because 1em is equal to the font size of the element and images do have font sizes, it's just that typically we don't see anything as a result. If the font size of the page were change by the user, then the margins would scale along with it, so that's really one of those things that's an interesting question, if you have an image do you want to give it pixel based margins because image is after all pixel based in terms of how tall and wide it is, or do you want to make it em based because the image is almost certainly surrounded by text and the em based margins can scale along with changes in the text size. There's no right answer per say. It's really more a question of what sort of design effects do you want, what's your personal preference, those sort of things, but you do have the option. So that's simple floating, is basically just take something, you move it to the right, or you move it to the left as we did and let other content flow around as we're going to see in the next couple of movies, though floats can be used for more than just having images that text flows around, you can also use it for laying out a document.

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