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Setting text color

From: CSS: Core Concepts

Video: Setting text color

Although it's not technically a text formatting property, setting the color of text is usually pretty high up on the list of things that designers want to do with it. So I want to take a moment to talk about setting color here. In CSS, you apply color using two main properties. The Background property that allows you to control the content behind an element and the Color property, which some people refer to as foreground color to avoid any sort of confusion with the background property.

Setting text color

Although it's not technically a text formatting property, setting the color of text is usually pretty high up on the list of things that designers want to do with it. So I want to take a moment to talk about setting color here. In CSS, you apply color using two main properties. The Background property that allows you to control the content behind an element and the Color property, which some people refer to as foreground color to avoid any sort of confusion with the background property.

We're going to take a quick look at applying color to text in this movie and then go deeper into your options when applying color in a separate chapter a little bit later on. So I have the font-color.htm file open and if I scroll down into my content I can see that I've got a paragraph here, and then I've got a couple of headings. Two headings just below that, one has a class of foreground, the other one has a class of background, so those are the elements that we're going to apply with these color options too. So I'm just going to go right up to my styles, and just below where it says, /*add styles here*/ I'm going to type in .foreground, so I'm going to use that class selector, and inside that I'm just going to go ahead and set color to red.

Now we've been doing this all through out the title, so you're probably very used to doing this. This is the color property and it basically controls the color of the content of the element, so not the background, but the content color itself. We're using a defined keyword like red, but there are many other things that we can do. We can use hexadecimal notation, we can use RGB values, we can use HSL values. So we have some options here, we're going to explore those options a little bit later on when we have our chapter on color here in just a little bit.

For the background selector, I'm going to go ahead and do something a little bit different here. We're going to do background and then inside that I'm going to use the background-color property, background-color, and I'm going to use maroon for that value. So again, I'm just using one of the reserved keywords here. Now I'm going to set a foreground color here as well, so you can mix these together. So I'm going to say color for foreground here, and we're just going to do white and then just to make sure that the text isn't butting up right against the edge of the element, I'm going to give it a little bit of padding.

We'll talk more about padding in our controlling element sizing chapter in just a little bit. We'll go ahead and save that, and I'm just going to test that in one of my browsers, and indeed, I get exactly what I was wanting. So red for the foreground color here, and then I'm using maroon for the background color of this element, you'll notice the big difference between backgrounds and foregrounds, and here I'm using white for the foreground color on this element as well. Of course, there are tremendous amount of options regarding setting color that I haven't even covered yet.

So a little bit later on we're going to talk about hexadecimal notation, how to use RGB and HSL values, and even how to use transparency when defining color.

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This video is part of

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CSS: Core Concepts

81 video lessons · 40718 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 4m 57s
    1. Welcome
      55s
    2. Using the exercise files
      4m 2s
  2. 1h 7m
    1. Exploring default styling
      4m 56s
    2. CSS authoring tools
      2m 29s
    3. CSS syntax
      4m 45s
    4. Writing a selector
      4m 10s
    5. Setting properties
      8m 40s
    6. Common units of measurement
      7m 47s
    7. Inline styles
      5m 1s
    8. Embedded styles
      5m 19s
    9. Using external style sheets
      10m 34s
    10. Checking for browser support
      8m 48s
    11. Dealing with browser inconsistencies
      5m 30s
  3. 2h 15m
    1. Structuring HTML correctly
      2m 51s
    2. Element selectors
      4m 52s
    3. Class selectors
      6m 4s
    4. ID selectors
      3m 27s
    5. Using classes and IDs
      10m 7s
    6. Element-specific selectors
      4m 35s
    7. The universal selector
      5m 42s
    8. Grouping selectors
      4m 49s
    9. Descendent selectors
      7m 32s
    10. Child selectors
      5m 7s
    11. Adjacent selectors
      5m 30s
    12. Attribute selectors
      12m 43s
    13. Pseudo-class selectors
      3m 54s
    14. Dynamic pseudo-class selectors
      8m 29s
    15. Structural pseudo-class selectors
      6m 45s
    16. Nth-child selectors
      13m 10s
    17. Pseudo-element selectors
      12m 40s
    18. Targeting page content: Lab
      8m 56s
    19. Targeting page content: Solution
      7m 59s
  4. 42m 39s
    1. What happens when styles conflict?
      4m 0s
    2. Understanding the cascade
      5m 47s
    3. Using inheritance
      6m 11s
    4. Selector specificity
      6m 55s
    5. The !important declaration
      4m 5s
    6. Reducing conflicts through planning
      3m 33s
    7. Resolving conflicts: Lab
      6m 45s
    8. Resolving conflicts: Solution
      5m 23s
  5. 1h 47m
    1. Setting a font family
      7m 10s
    2. Using @font-face
      9m 18s
    3. Setting font size
      7m 35s
    4. Font style and font weight
      6m 52s
    5. Transforming text
      3m 58s
    6. Using text variants
      2m 49s
    7. Text decoration options
      4m 26s
    8. Setting text color
      3m 2s
    9. Writing font shorthand notation
      8m 49s
    10. Controlling text alignment
      6m 33s
    11. Letter and word spacing
      9m 11s
    12. Indenting text
      4m 30s
    13. Adjusting paragraph line height
      10m 30s
    14. Controlling the space between elements
      6m 41s
    15. Basic text formatting: Lab
      8m 45s
    16. Basic text formatting: Solution
      7m 14s
  6. 2h 1m
    1. Understanding the box model
      16m 53s
    2. Controlling element spacing
      14m 29s
    3. Controlling interior spacing
      10m 49s
    4. Margin and padding shorthand notation
      6m 27s
    5. Adding borders
      8m 57s
    6. Defining element size
      10m 7s
    7. Creating rounded corners
      6m 58s
    8. Background properties
      2m 51s
    9. Using background images
      5m 10s
    10. Controlling image positioning
      10m 25s
    11. Using multiple backgrounds
      7m 5s
    12. Background shorthand notation
      5m 25s
    13. Styling container elements: Lab
      7m 55s
    14. Styling container elements: Solution
      8m 17s
  7. 47m 51s
    1. Color keyword definitions
      5m 4s
    2. Understanding hexadecimal notation
      6m 5s
    3. Using RGB values
      4m 58s
    4. Using HSL values
      5m 17s
    5. Working with opacity
      2m 23s
    6. Using RGBa and HSLa
      3m 8s
    7. Styling drop shadows
      5m 38s
    8. CSS gradients
      6m 32s
    9. Working with color: Lab
      4m 26s
    10. Working with color: Solution
      4m 20s
  8. 1m 58s
    1. Additional resources
      1m 58s

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