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CSS Web Site Design

Setting global styles


From:

CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Setting global styles

So what we're going to do here in this chapter, throughout this series of videos is assemble all the pieces to create this design. This is basically there and appoint in terms of where we go here, but our start point is this, where we have no author styles whatsoever. This is going to go a little bit differently than the rest of the title that in other chapters, what I've done is I've brought up my editor BBEdit and I've typed in styles, rather the subject you to all that, what I'm going to do is, throughout this chapter, is take these little text files, these are little text files and just have fragments of CSS in them and fragments of what we want force final style sheet, so in each case I'm just going to grab a the appropriate file and drag it into BBEdit and let go and BBEdit will just add it in and if your editor supports doing this then you can do the same thing with the fragment files, they're found in your Exercise Files folder, for this chapter.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subjects:
Web Web Design
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Setting global styles

So what we're going to do here in this chapter, throughout this series of videos is assemble all the pieces to create this design. This is basically there and appoint in terms of where we go here, but our start point is this, where we have no author styles whatsoever. This is going to go a little bit differently than the rest of the title that in other chapters, what I've done is I've brought up my editor BBEdit and I've typed in styles, rather the subject you to all that, what I'm going to do is, throughout this chapter, is take these little text files, these are little text files and just have fragments of CSS in them and fragments of what we want force final style sheet, so in each case I'm just going to grab a the appropriate file and drag it into BBEdit and let go and BBEdit will just add it in and if your editor supports doing this then you can do the same thing with the fragment files, they're found in your Exercise Files folder, for this chapter.

Otherwise if you need to type, you can always hit pause after one of these and then type in whatever just got added. So we're going to first do the generic styles, so put generic in quotes, what we mean the generic is styles that sort of apply everywhere, they're put to everything. So for example here, I'm styling the body element, taking away the margin and padding so that we don't have the space around the outside of the design, giving the body element a background color and a foreground color and sending the overall font for the page to be small, which is one of those font size keywords and then take a choice between a list of the ground, which is a very common fonts on Mac OSX machines, if that's unavailable use Arial, and if that's unavailable use some font that's sans serif. So, I'm going to save this and hit Reload and you can see that now the font changed a bit and the background colors have come in and the extra space around the edges of the design have gone away.

So we go back to this particular CSS file, the next thing I'm going to do is just drag in fragment two. So the point with this fragment is to remove a text decoration from a elements, which would be hyperlinks and actually nonhyperlink a elements, which it's possible to have just not very common, so that the links won't be underlined. Also in some web browsers, Firefox, notably among them, any image that's inside of an a element gets a border by default that's built into the browser styles. So what we're going to say here is that any image that is descended from an a element, any image inside of an a element, a hyperlink should have no border, so border zero. We've given it a border with a euro and actually a border style of none implicitly and so we save that, go over to Firefox, and if we hit Reload, the underlining on that border have gone away.

Those are again applying throughout the entire document and then the last think we're going to add here, is we're actually going to change the way margins are done on paragraphs. Because of how margin collapsing works as discussed in Chapter 7 we don't actually have to have margins on both the top and the bottom of paragraphs, we can just have margins on the bottom of paragraphs and still have the same separation that they usually do. So what I'm going to say here 's margin 0 0 1em, so no top margin, no right margin or left margin and a 1em bottom margin and if we hit Reload, there really isn't going to be any change at the moment, but the advantage here is that if you have a paragraph that follows a heading, such as happens right here with The Legendary Origins of Tea and then the history of tea and so far, suppose we wanted that paragraph to come right up against the heading so that we had Legendary Origins of Tea heading in there without any space really between them they would merely start with that first paragraph.

Because we've now removed the top margin for paragraphs, all we have to do is remove the bottom margin from the headings and then we get that nice snuggle effect. I bring this up because designers on occasion really want to do this and there was a time that very difficult to do, but with CSS is very easy. So that sets up our global styles or generic styles. In the next step we'll start styling the masthead.

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