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CSS: Page Layouts

Positioning elements: Solution


From:

CSS: Page Layouts

with James Williamson

Video: Positioning elements: Solution

Hopefully, you were able to complete the positioning elements lab without too much trouble, and without getting too mad at me. Now, if you did get stuck, don't feel bad. It takes a while to fully understand how positioning works. So let's take a look at the finished files and how I coded those elements. So again, I have the index.htm and the main.css files open. Now, this time I went into the 04_07 folder and into the finished_file folder, so I'm opening from there. For the banner, I'm going to scroll down to about line 270 or so, and we go there.
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  1. 4m 20s
    1. Welcome
      54s
    2. How to use the exercise files
      3m 26s
  2. 1h 39m
    1. Box model review
      8m 47s
    2. Calculating element dimensions
      11m 11s
    3. Understanding margin collapse
      7m 59s
    4. Calculating em values
      7m 41s
    5. Calculating percentage values
      7m 51s
    6. Normal document flow
      13m 3s
    7. Controlling element display
      8m 53s
    8. Using CSS Resets
      7m 11s
    9. Fixed, fluid, and responsive layouts
      9m 9s
    10. CSS debugging tools
      6m 46s
    11. Using the Firebug Inspector and the WebKit Web Inspector
      11m 5s
  3. 53m 15s
    1. Page design workflow
      3m 6s
    2. Page design tools
      4m 56s
    3. Determining page structure
      7m 18s
    4. Creating image assets
      8m 58s
    5. Creating initial page structure
      7m 3s
    6. Adding meaning with classes and IDs
      5m 23s
    7. Structuring content with HTML5
      6m 6s
    8. Building internal structure
      10m 25s
  4. 1h 36m
    1. Floating elements
      7m 50s
    2. Clearing floats
      7m 28s
    3. Containing floats
      7m 50s
    4. Clearfix technique
      10m 38s
    5. Floating inline elements
      14m 34s
    6. Two-column floated layouts
      8m 17s
    7. Three-column floated layouts
      11m 30s
    8. Column height considerations
      7m 3s
    9. Creating equal-height columns
      10m 42s
    10. Floats: Lab
      5m 25s
    11. Floats: Solution
      5m 21s
  5. 51m 42s
    1. Relative positioning
      7m 59s
    2. Absolute positioning
      8m 59s
    3. Fixed positioning
      4m 23s
    4. Controlling stacking order
      8m 31s
    5. Clipping content
      8m 21s
    6. Controlling content overflow
      5m 38s
    7. Positioning elements: Lab
      3m 59s
    8. Positioning elements: Solution
      3m 52s
  6. 48m 46s
    1. Design considerations for fixed layouts
      3m 28s
    2. Establishing the layout grid
      7m 57s
    3. Defining column spacing
      9m 30s
    4. Applying the grid through CSS
      8m 56s
    5. Creating grid-based assets
      8m 26s
    6. Grid design resources
      6m 22s
    7. Building fixed layouts: Lab
      4m 7s
  7. 44m 35s
    1. Designing for flexible layouts
      2m 30s
    2. Calculating percentage values
      8m 45s
    3. Setting flexible width values
      6m 6s
    4. Making images flexible
      8m 10s
    5. Setting minimum and maximum widths
      7m 24s
    6. Building flexible layouts: Lab
      4m 53s
    7. Building flexible layouts: Solution
      6m 47s
  8. 49m 36s
    1. Responsive layout overview
      3m 49s
    2. Using media queries
      7m 16s
    3. Organizing styles
      8m 39s
    4. Making content responsive
      8m 33s
    5. Mobile design considerations
      7m 32s
    6. Building responsive layouts: Lab
      4m 23s
    7. Building responsive layouts: Solution
      9m 24s
  9. 1h 22m
    1. Creating multi-column text
      6m 36s
    2. Using borders to enhance design
      13m 59s
    3. Rounding corners
      6m 56s
    4. Adding drop shadows
      10m 35s
    5. Working with opacity
      6m 8s
    6. Utilizing the background property
      15m 5s
    7. Working with CSS sprites
      7m 58s
    8. Enhancing page design: Lab
      6m 22s
    9. Enhancing page design: Solution
      8m 38s
  10. 6m 25s
    1. Additional resources
      6m 25s

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CSS: Page Layouts
8h 57m Beginner Feb 07, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS: Page Layouts introduces basic layout concepts, gives advice on how to create properly structured HTML based on prototypes and mockups, and goes into critical page layout skills such as floats and positioning. Author James Williamson shows how to combine these techniques to create fixed, fluid, and responsive layouts. Designers are also shown how to enhance their pages through the creative use of CSS techniques like multi-column text, opacity, and the background property. Exercise files are included with this course.

Topics include:
  • Reviewing the box model
  • Calculating em and percentage values
  • Controlling how elements display
  • Creating fixed, fluid, and responsive layouts
  • Structuring content with HTML5
  • Floating elements
  • Using relative, absolute, or fixed positioning
  • Defining column spacing
  • Creating grid-based assets and layouts
  • Considering mobile-design-specific issues
  • Working with multi-column text
  • Enhancing page design CSS Sprites
Subjects:
Web Web Design
Software:
CSS
Author:
James Williamson

Positioning elements: Solution

Hopefully, you were able to complete the positioning elements lab without too much trouble, and without getting too mad at me. Now, if you did get stuck, don't feel bad. It takes a while to fully understand how positioning works. So let's take a look at the finished files and how I coded those elements. So again, I have the index.htm and the main.css files open. Now, this time I went into the 04_07 folder and into the finished_file folder, so I'm opening from there. For the banner, I'm going to scroll down to about line 270 or so, and we go there.

There is my banner style. And again, I'm previewing this in the browser, so we can sort of visualize kind of the solution that's happening here. Okay, now the banner paragraph is the one that I'm having to position. Now, I had to go ahead and take in the account of the padding of this when I set the width and the height values. So, taking the padding into account, I've set a height value that's equal to the height of the banner above it, and then I set the width value that again, along with the padding, gave it the same width as the aside below it. Now, in terms of positioning it, I'm using absolute positioning and I'm giving it a top and a right offset of 0 and 0.

So, rather than trying to figure out exactly where the left or top-left offset would be, I just went ahead and gave it a top-right offset and what that's going to do is it's going to align the top right-hand edge of this paragraph up with the top right-hand edge of the banner, and then if the width is correct, then the position is going to be correct. Now, the next thing I needed to remember to do was to go up to banner and set its position to relative, and that is a step that a lot of people may have skipped or may have forgotten about.

Remember, if you don't set the containing element's position to relative, what an absolutely positional element does is it positions itself relative to the nearest positioned ancestor. And in case of this file, it would probably be the HTML element. I also went ahead and set the overflow on banner to hidden so that if there was any overflow content it'd go ahead and trim that off. It is worth pointing out and noting that since banner p, the paragraph itself, is absolutely positioned it's still kind of above and outside of the banner. It's just using it as a point of origin.

So, if I expanded the size of the banner paragraph or made it bigger, that overflow property is not going to affect it at all. So, it's more to make sure that other content within the banner doesn't flow outside of it, not so much the banner paragraph. Now, I'm going to scroll all the way down towards the bottom of my styles, to about line 691 or so, and I'm going to take a look at the twitter selector that I wrote. So, this one was actually pretty simple once you got down to it. We're just going to set position to fixed. We know that that sets its position relative to the viewport and not any other containing elements. And then I set the top value to 80% and the left value to 0.

Now, I'm sure that some of you went ahead and set the bottom to 20%. That's very similar to setting the top to 80%, but essentially, it's not exactly the same. That's based of where the offset is. Remember, the bottom offset would set the bottom of the element to 20%, whereas the top 80% is lining the top of it with 20% as well. So, there're a couple of ways that you could've approached it and gotten the same results. In the end, as long as you're happy with it, it doesn't really matter if your code matches mine or not. So, again, if I look at this in the browser, there's the twitter icon, scrolling down the page.

Because it's positioned- fixed, it remains in place. So again, remember, there's always more than one way to accomplish something in CSS. So if your styles didn't exactly match mine, it's not a problem, as long as they still work and you got the desired results. However, if our styles are different, take a moment, examine the rules, and think about which method is more efficient, easier to update, and maybe easier to maintain over the long run. As always, those should be very important goals for your sites.

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