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CSS Fundamentals

Popular frameworks


From:

CSS Fundamentals

with James Williamson

Video: Popular frameworks

Once you've developed a site or two with a framework, you'll have a good feel for when they're appropriate and when they are not. With that in mind, let's take a look at some of the more popular CSS frameworks. Blueprint is one of the oldest and most respected frameworks around. It includes a CSS reset, a layout grid, best practices typography, form styles, print styles, and more. It's also one of the better-documented frameworks as well, with its own wiki and live demo pages that you can explore. You can find it at www.blueprintcss.org.

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CSS Fundamentals
3h 14m Beginner Sep 26, 2011 Updated Dec 13, 2011

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This course contains a high-level overview of Cascading Style Sheets, while exploring the basic concepts, terminology, and tools of the language. Beginning with an exploration of CSS syntax, author James Williamson explains how CSS modifies text, borders, backgrounds, and color; demonstrates CSS and HTML integration; and contextualizes the current state of CSS. The course also tours some of the most popular CSS editors and frameworks and lists online tools and resources for further study. This course is for people who want a big-picture overview before taking hands-on courses.

Topics include:
  • Understanding basic selector types
  • Integrating CSS with HTML
  • Examining browser rendering differences
  • Exploring CSS specifications
  • Checking browser support
  • Understanding the box model
  • Adjusting margins and padding
  • Positioning elements
  • Exploring basic layout concepts
  • Understanding media queries
  • Introducing CSS3
  • Using CSS Reset
Subjects:
Web Web Foundations
Software:
CSS
Author:
James Williamson

Popular frameworks

Once you've developed a site or two with a framework, you'll have a good feel for when they're appropriate and when they are not. With that in mind, let's take a look at some of the more popular CSS frameworks. Blueprint is one of the oldest and most respected frameworks around. It includes a CSS reset, a layout grid, best practices typography, form styles, print styles, and more. It's also one of the better-documented frameworks as well, with its own wiki and live demo pages that you can explore. You can find it at www.blueprintcss.org.

52framework is a full-featured framework focused on the newer features of HTML5 in CSS3. It includes fallback support for older browsers and is also extremely well documented, with demo pages and video overviews of all the major features. You can find it at 52framework.com. The 960 Grid System is one of the most popular CSS grid-focused frameworks. It offers grid layouts based on the commonly used dimensions of 960 pixels, with a dizzying array of options for creating multiple-column layouts.

One of the very nice features of the 960 Grid is that the download also includes Photoshop and Firework templates based off the grid framework to make site mockups even easier. You can find it at 960.gs. Another very popular framework comes from Yahoo! The YUI 2 framework is small in size but very powerful in terms of layout options. In fact, there are more than one thousand layout combinations available with YUI 2 Grids.

It's also very well documented, with sections dedicated to getting started, using the grids, and how it works on mobile devices. You can find it at developer.yahoo.com/yui/grids. If you're looking for something a little bit more stripped down, check out css-boilerplate. This is a framework developed by one of the creators of Blueprint. It's designed to be a lightweight framework with a greater emphasis on semantics.

It may lack the features of other frameworks, but it provides a solid starting point for projects, without the larger footprint. It's hosted a Google code, and you can find it code.google.com/p/css-boilerplate. Baseline is a lightweight framework focused on typography. It features a true baseline grid for type, solid typographic conventions, and a flexible four-column layout grid.

It's a great framework for someone looking for advanced typographic styles without additional overhead. You can find it at baselinecss.com. There are of course many other frameworks for you to research and experiment with as you explore whether CSS frameworks are right for your projects or not. As you experiment with the frameworks that I've mentioned here, be sure to search for additional frameworks to compare. Have fun trying out some of the CSS frameworks I've shown you here. Just keep an open mind and be honest about the pros and cons of using these frameworks as you start to work on them within your own projects.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about CSS Fundamentals.


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Q: This course was updated on 12/13/2011. Can you tell me what has changed?
A: One movie called "Who is this course for?" was added to provide information on what you can expect to get from the course, depending on your level of familiarity with CSS.
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