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Making a table

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Making a table

There is really one more thing to take care of in the sidebar and that's the post archive calendar. So we're actually going to scroll down to that. After we've done that, we'll take care of the footer, in the next video. For now we're going to concentrate on the post archive calendar here and the first thing that we really want to do this make it a little smaller and yet make the caption, which is the July 2006 bit, a little bit bigger. So the first step in that is to say post archive table, set the margin on this to be zero on top and bottom and automatic on the right and left.

Making a table

There is really one more thing to take care of in the sidebar and that's the post archive calendar. So we're actually going to scroll down to that. After we've done that, we'll take care of the footer, in the next video. For now we're going to concentrate on the post archive calendar here and the first thing that we really want to do this make it a little smaller and yet make the caption, which is the July 2006 bit, a little bit bigger. So the first step in that is to say post archive table, set the margin on this to be zero on top and bottom and automatic on the right and left.

Tables, like images, sort of have an intrinsic width just because of the way tables are constructed. So giving an automatic right and left margins means that it will be center and we're going to set its font size to smaller. We go over to the browser and hit Reload. Then we discover that the text has gotten smaller and the calendar's basically centered. So the next bit is to take care of the caption. Now, here we're also going to center the caption and we're going to give it a 1em top margin, this will push the entire calendar downwards. We're also going to make it larger and boldface, so that it stands out a little bit more and has more of a title field to it and if we hit Reload, there it is, it pushed down because of the 1em top margin and it centered just like the rest of the calendar and a larger boldface.

So having taken that on, really the next thing to do is to deal with the table cells so that we form a grid. We're turning off the padding on these table cells because we don't want any extra padding between the borders on the table cells and their contents. Giving them a border, one pixel solid with this color, and also a background and a foreground color, this will basically give them a medium gray, it's not a pure gray, but it's sort of a medium gray with a little hint of blue purple to it a darkish background but an even darker foreground, and then inside each table cell, the text will be centered, so when we hit Reload, we get that.

So now, if you're looking closely foreground on these table cells is pretty close to the background on the divs themselves. They could've been equivalent, but it actually works better to make the color on the divs a little bit darker than the background of the div that surrounds the table. So that's how we ended up with that color of gray and then the last thing is to make sure that the links work all right and look all right. So here we're going to make any links inside of this stable white boldfaced. We're also going to give them block level display, which will cause them to generate block boxes that will fill completely the table cells in which they sit.

From the user's point of view it makes the entire table so clickable, that's actually not true. It's just that the a element fills the table cell and the a is clickable, so, you have that and then, when we hover them, they'll get greenish background color. So hitting reload we'll find out if they've turned white and then if we go and hover over them, they get greenish backgrounds. So that brings the style of the table together. All that remains now is to make the footer pretty.

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This video is part of

Image for CSS Web Site Design
CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 60931 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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