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CSS Web Site Design
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Justifying text


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CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Justifying text

So in this video, we're just going to take a quick look at horizontal alignment of text. This is a way that you can effect the presentation of text without having to mess around with things like font faces and font families and font weights and other font stuff. So, as an example, we could, let's say, right align all of our paragraph text, why not, seems like fun, so we just say text-align right. So for paragraphs the text will be right aligned and it all goes over the right side.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subjects:
Web Web Design
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Justifying text

So in this video, we're just going to take a quick look at horizontal alignment of text. This is a way that you can effect the presentation of text without having to mess around with things like font faces and font families and font weights and other font stuff. So, as an example, we could, let's say, right align all of our paragraph text, why not, seems like fun, so we just say text-align right. So for paragraphs the text will be right aligned and it all goes over the right side.

Now the very avant-garde, not necessarily the way that people who read English or other Western languages are used to seeing it, but there is none the less, and what happens here is that each line of text is shifted over so that its right edge gets lined up with the right edge of its parent element. So within each paragraph there are a number of lines of text. Let's take the second paragraph that starts "It was in the 16th century that the Portuguese missionaries," has three lines of text and within that paragraph box each of those lines of text gets shifted over so that the right edge of each text line is lined up with the right edge of the paragraph and more specifically with the right content edge of the paragraph.

If there are any padding on the paragraph then the alignment point would be inside of the padding, but we'll talk about padding in a different chapter actually. For now, just take that and you'll learn more later. There's also left aligning. As you might guess any left to right languages like English or Spanish or French or really any Roman-based language you're going to have left alignment as the default because it's a left to right language, but in text, aligned left is the default value and left aligned languages like English, and so on.

We can text-align right and could do text-align Center in which each box, each line box is centered, between the two edges, but there is something interesting to notice here which is the wine boxes next to the image of the tea kettle are centered in the space that they have available to them. That's completely in keeping with what we would expect and is in keeping with the CSS specifications, but basically each of those lines of text is centered between the space that has available next to that image of the tea kettle and the other edge of the paragraph. So it was in the line, "It was in the 16th century that Portuguese missionary were seduced by tea's flavor," align it's centered along with the center point of the distance between the image and the edge of the paragraph. So, how much space a line has it sort of centers itself in that space. The same thing with all the others is just that for example the first line of text, which starts "the history of tea extends so far into the past," it doesn't have anything to either side of it so it just centers itself within left right edges of this paragraph.

There's one other text alignment value that we can use for text align and that's justify. Now what this does is it justifies text, which is a little easier to show then it is to explain verbally so here's what it does. It evens out effectively each line of text except for the last one in the given element so that the text goes from one edge, all the way to the other. You can see how there's this sort of neat lining up of the text edges along each left and right side.

This is fairly common in print and is very tempting to do this. It's very, very tempting to go for fully justified text, but there are some potential drawbacks. One is that because you can't necessarily control exactly what's going to happen, if you get really narrow text. Notice there's a line right near the top of the tea kettle, before tea quickly spread and there're these big gaps between the words, there's also one near the bottom, the intricate customs which, line and these big gaps between words and that's what can happen with fully justified text.

You can wind up with some very strange effects some that aren't very nice. Here's one, "It was in the 16th century that Portuguese missionaries," is a huge gap in there. Now this is not generally a problem if you have very wide browser windows, but you don't have control of your browser window size. So this is one of the reasons why full text justification tends not to be used. The one exception there is in print. There are people who will oftentimes do fully justified text in print, that's for Chapter 9.

So anyway, that's one of the text alignment you can do justify, which goes along with right left and center and these are all as we saw, horizontal alignments of text. What we'll talk about in the next video is the vertical alignment of text.

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