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Creating the sidebar form

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Creating the sidebar form

So now we have the sidebar sitting in place on the right side, where we want it, and we've done some basic styling. Now it's time to start adding the boxes that are part of the design over here, these are sort of dark grayish boxes that need to be in place. The way to do that is in the sidebar, there are actually each of the sections of the sidebar that correspond to these boxes, is just enclosed in a div. This makes sense, because div stands for division and these are divisions of the content in the sidebar. The visual separation of putting them in boxes, implies the structural separation.

Creating the sidebar form

So now we have the sidebar sitting in place on the right side, where we want it, and we've done some basic styling. Now it's time to start adding the boxes that are part of the design over here, these are sort of dark grayish boxes that need to be in place. The way to do that is in the sidebar, there are actually each of the sections of the sidebar that correspond to these boxes, is just enclosed in a div. This makes sense, because div stands for division and these are divisions of the content in the sidebar. The visual separation of putting them in boxes, implies the structural separation.

They are in separate divs, so we have these divs, we're just going to give them backgrounds of 3A3C2D in this case and foreground, white foregrounds and a little bit of padding around the sides, at least the sides in the bottom of 1em on the sides in the bottom to push the content away from the edges of the blocks. The one place where we do want to do that, we do want any top padding because if we did that, then that would push the headings of the divs, which are inside of divs, away from the top of each div and then we give each one a little bit of top margin in order to make sure that they sit apart from each other visually, and that will push if there are two divs in a row, which as a matter in fact there are, there's the tea the day and the post archive, this top margin will push them apart from each other, as you can see if we hit Reload, inside of that, the space in between the two here, that's that recorders em top margin and then it's actually the same space up here above tea of the day.

And then this inset is the 1em padding along the left side in this case and there's 1em padding along the bottom and one along the right and the reason we do have any on the top is because we don't want to push these titles down, but we did push these titles inward, so we're going to have to cope with that. And the way that we're going to do that is, with our h3s, which is what those headings are, I'm going to fiddle with the font size, we're going to give them negative right and left margins.

In addition to some padding, and we'll get the padding in a moment. So that these h3s have no top and bottom margins and they have negative 0.8em right and left margins. The reason is 0.8 is because their font size is 1.25, so 1.25 times 0.8 equals one. So that will be 1.25 times 0.8 equaling 1, means that they'll be the same size as the 1em padding on the div and in order to make them all a bit taller, give them a 0.4em top and bottom padding and 0.8em right and left padding, which is to counteract effectively the negative margins.

So, again, the size of the h3 pulled out to the right and to the left by negative 0.8em and then the padding pushes in the content by that same distance back inwards. The reason that I used 0.4 padding is because it was half of 0.8, that was really the whole rational there And then with text-transform lowercase, we make the text be lowercase. So when we hit Reload, make the text be lowercase. So I'm going to save this and go over and hit reload and there you have it. These are now sort of filling out the top part of each of these divs. That's pretty much it for this particular exercise.

After this, we're going to get into dealing with the contents and individually of tea of the day and the post archive.

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This video is part of

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CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 60917 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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