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Creating rollovers

From: CSS: Styling Navigation

Video: Creating rollovers

Our menu is almost complete. Really, the last major thing that we need to do is add a rollover effect to add a little bit of interactivity to the menu. So I am going to be working with the vertical.htm from the 03_07 directory. And in order to create a rollover effect, we are going to have to create a new selector. So I'm going to scroll down in my vertical menu styles, and I am just going to create a new selector right below my last one here. Now, we've been using the pseudo-class selectors for a while now. So, the hover pseudo-class selector probably will come as no surprise to you that, that is what we need to use. So, I'm going to type in li a:hover.

Creating rollovers

Our menu is almost complete. Really, the last major thing that we need to do is add a rollover effect to add a little bit of interactivity to the menu. So I am going to be working with the vertical.htm from the 03_07 directory. And in order to create a rollover effect, we are going to have to create a new selector. So I'm going to scroll down in my vertical menu styles, and I am just going to create a new selector right below my last one here. Now, we've been using the pseudo-class selectors for a while now. So, the hover pseudo-class selector probably will come as no surprise to you that, that is what we need to use. So, I'm going to type in li a:hover.

So again, that's targeting any links inside of the list item, and we are going to use the hover pseudo-class, so we are saying that when those links are being hovered over. All right, I am going to go ahead and open and close my curly brackets there. And inside that, I am just going to apply some properties that I think would make a nice rollover. First thing I am going to do is change the background color. We've got sort of a bright orange color for the default menu. So obviously, when you do some type of a hover, some type of rollover, you want to do either a darker or lighter color based upon what's going on with the rest of your layout.

Since we have a pretty light background color and a fairly bright and light menu, I am going to go dark with rollover. So here I am going to type in #87492F. Now, I'm also going to just kind of show you some of the things that you can do with borders. I am going to do a border-left of 0.4 ems. We'll do it solid, and we'll do it white. Then finally, I'm also going to go and change the width. I am going to set the width to 7.6 ems.

Now, you are probably going, what in the world is going on there? Well, remember, the width of our menu is 8 ems. If I add a border to it, it's adding to the width of the entire thing, so our menu would flex when we roll over it. But by subtracting the value that we used for the border with the overall width, they are going to stay the same size. So if I save this, go back into my browser , and refresh this, now when I roll over it, notice that not only do I get the background color that I applied there, we also get the border that shows up.

And because the border is sort of taking away a little bit of space because the overall width stays the same, our text is also indenting a little bit. Now, I kind of like that effect. I've used it before where I've had text that indents and adds some borders to one side or the other, or maybe sometimes even both of them, and you can see it gives a nice little effect. But if you want to keep your menu simple, you really only need to do something like a background color, so if I go back to my styles, I could say get rid of the border and the width and feel free to keep it if you like it. But if I save this, go back in, and refresh it, you will notice now we just have the background color, but that's still incredibly effective.

There are just a couple of things that I want to talk about before we move on about rollovers, because I've seen a lot of people do rollover styles that probably go a little bit further than they should. There are just some basic points I want you to keep in mind. First thing is any rollover styling, the text should still be legible. You still want people to be able to read what it is that they are on top of and what menu item they're selecting. It shouldn't distract from the actual content of the link. I've seen animated GIF files placed in rollovers, I've seen videos.

I mean, I've seen crazy stuff done. And it takes away from what people are actually looking at, the content and link, and you're sort of defeating the purpose of them reading it in the first place. Any type of animations that you do, if you have some rollovers that cause items to slide or get bigger or fade in, fade out, those animations should be subtle. If they're too abrupt, if they are too quick, or if there's a lot to them, again, it's going to distract from the purpose of the rollover. And if you stay with the same color scheme, that's really important. And using some type of a good contrast with the original link color, you want to do that as well.

In this case, we are still staying with sort of an orange, we are just going a lot darker with it. So you definitely want to stay within the same color scheme. I have seen people do rollovers that maybe they imported from some other area, and it doesn't really go along with their site. So, it should integrate in with the site just as well as everything else. Now, you can probably tell by looking at my menu, I personally tend to like simple, really clean designs. But just because my design aesthetic leans towards minimalism doesn't mean that yours does. So, I encourage you experiment with your menu properties and achieve the styling that you like and that fits your style.

Just keep in mind, your menu should fit seamlessly into your overall site design. That's probably most important. And the main purpose of your menu--never lose sight of this--the main purpose of your menu is to clearly communicate the contents of the menu itself.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for CSS: Styling Navigation
CSS: Styling Navigation

53 video lessons · 16709 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
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  1. 3m 8s
    1. Welcome
      42s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      1m 12s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 14s
  2. 35m 25s
    1. Organizing menus with lists
      4m 26s
    2. Ensuring accessibility
      9m 3s
    3. Using the nav element
      7m 30s
    4. Creating block-level links
      3m 8s
    5. Lab: Structuring navigation
      4m 11s
    6. Solution: Structuring navigation
      7m 7s
  3. 48m 42s
    1. Exploring link style considerations
      9m 2s
    2. Using global link styles
      9m 56s
    3. Styling link states
      10m 57s
    4. Indicating external links
      10m 4s
    5. Styling image links
      8m 43s
  4. 52m 5s
    1. Stripping default list styling
      4m 34s
    2. Defining link dimensions
      6m 0s
    3. Setting link styling
      3m 36s
    4. Aligning links vertically
      4m 11s
    5. Controlling link spacing
      2m 30s
    6. Styling menus with borders
      2m 32s
    7. Creating rollovers
      4m 45s
    8. Restricting link styling
      3m 31s
    9. Lab: Creating a vertical menu
      11m 44s
    10. Solution: Creating a vertical menu
      8m 42s
  5. 54m 58s
    1. Stripping list styling
      3m 35s
    2. Displaying links horizontally
      6m 14s
    3. Clearing floats
      6m 12s
    4. Controlling link sizing and spacing
      3m 11s
    5. Styling links
      7m 16s
    6. Creating rollovers
      5m 52s
    7. Indicating current pages
      4m 43s
    8. Controlling cursor states
      2m 46s
    9. Lab: Creating horizontal menus
      6m 45s
    10. Solution: Creating horizontal menus
      8m 24s
  6. 55m 35s
    1. Overview of dropdown menus
      1m 17s
    2. Structuring submenus
      5m 56s
    3. Styling submenus
      6m 4s
    4. Creating submenu rollovers
      3m 28s
    5. Positioning submenus
      5m 43s
    6. Controlling submenu display
      5m 5s
    7. Creating persistent hover states
      5m 53s
    8. Animating menus with CSS transitions
      6m 29s
    9. Lab: Dropdown menus
      6m 51s
    10. Solution: Dropdown menus
      8m 49s
  7. 58m 7s
    1. Creating CSS-only buttons
      8m 39s
    2. Creating special effects for buttons
      4m 2s
    3. Enhancing buttons with gradients
      7m 40s
    4. Overview of CSS sprites
      3m 30s
    5. Using CSS sprites for icons
      14m 30s
    6. Styling block-level links
      8m 38s
    7. Lab: Enhancing navigation with CSS
      5m 26s
    8. Solution: Enhancing navigation with CSS
      5m 42s
  8. 6m 29s
    1. Additional resources
      6m 29s

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