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CSS Web Site Design
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Creating a footer


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CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Creating a footer

So here we are, in the last of our exercise files and everything looks great, it looks like we've pretty much done everything, it all looks good until we scroll down at the bottom of the page and realize that the footer needs a little bit of work. So, what we need to do, start styling it. What we're going to do is go over to 1010.css and bring in some footer styles. Now we're going to start up by clearing the footer below the floated columns. In theory, we don't really need to do that, just go back and look for a second, it's already down below, all the columns have come before it.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subjects:
Web Web Design
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Creating a footer

So here we are, in the last of our exercise files and everything looks great, it looks like we've pretty much done everything, it all looks good until we scroll down at the bottom of the page and realize that the footer needs a little bit of work. So, what we need to do, start styling it. What we're going to do is go over to 1010.css and bring in some footer styles. Now we're going to start up by clearing the footer below the floated columns. In theory, we don't really need to do that, just go back and look for a second, it's already down below, all the columns have come before it.

That's because the content column, remember, is as wide as the browser window at this point and it's basically filling out the entire browser window and then the sidebar div is sitting right over it, but, just to be safe, let's clear the footer and now we'll give it a background color and a little bit of padding on top and bottom and also on the sides, so that when we hit Reload, it all comes together very nicely. This extra space here between the sidebar and the footer is actually caused, if we go back a bit by the bottom margin on the sidebar, which is the taller of our floats, that's causing that separation.

So there's a little bit of weirdness in terms of the spacing with the footer as compared to the text, that's because of that bottom 1em margin on the footer. That's why the amount of space here between the top of the background and the top of the text is, this is smaller than this amount between the bottom of the text and the bottom of the footers background. That's because there's that 1 1/2em padding up here, but there's no top margin on the paragraph. they didn't close this site design by Dominique etc., etc. On the bottom of the paragraph there is 1em margin and then below that there's the 1 1/2em of bottom padding on the footer.

So if we remove that bottom margin which we did in the CSS and will now do here by hitting reload, then, the space above and below the text balances out. And then the last thing to do is to style the links in the footer, so that they are more like what we want. We're going to make them be dark gray in color and then underline them. So that instead of being, you know, blue or purple, that will just be sort of a slightly lighter color then the text around them and be underlined, thus indicating their hyperlinked nature.

That pretty much takes care of the footer and it takes care of our design, everything is in place and right were we'd like it to be.

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