CSS Web Site Design
Illustration by Bruce Heavin

CSS Web Site Design

with Eric Meyer

Video: Coloring text

So in this chapter, we are going to talk about color and background colors. Setting both the foreground and the background of various elements to have colors in the case of background images. In this first video, we're going to talk color, and we're just going to look very quickly at how to set color, the foreground color on elements. and, as you can see here, what we have is we have a basic document with all the colors taken out of it, the layouts there and everything but the colors have been taken away, except for, there actually are a few, cause you can't take out all the color. Text for example is black and the reason that happens is due to the browser. Here in the preferences for the web browser you can see that text has been configured to default the black, backgrounds have been configured to default white, unvisited links to blue, visited links to purple, so that's, those effectively create CSS rules that the browser applies to this document and that's why text is black by default. Now, you might not think of that as a style, and yet it is, because if the text had no color, you couldn't see it, it would be completely transparent. So what we see here is that there are unvisited links, like about us and brewing and drinking up near the top, those are blue.
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  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 54s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 16s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 20s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 44s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 8s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 37s
    7. Specificity
      8m 20s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 37s
  4. 39m 2s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 34s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 1s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 12s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 28s
  6. 58m 27s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 21s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 37s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 22s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 38s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 36s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 39s
  10. 37m 22s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 41s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

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Watch the Online Video Course CSS Web Site Design
6h 8m Intermediate Sep 12, 2006

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

CSS gives Web designers control over the appearance of their web sites by separating the visual presentation from the content. It lets them easily make minor changes to a site or perform a complete overhaul of the design. In CSS Web Site Design, instructor and leading industry expert Eric Meyer reviews the essentials of CSS, including selectors, the cascade, and inheritance. The training also covers how to build effective navigation, how to lay out pages, and how to work with typography, colors, backgrounds, and white space. Using a project-based approach, Eric walks through the process of creating a Web page, while teaching the essentials of CSS along the way. By the end of the training, viewers will have the tools to master professional site design. Exercise files accompany the training videos.

Subject:
Web
Software:
CSS
Author:
Eric Meyer

Coloring text

So in this chapter, we are going to talk about color and background colors. Setting both the foreground and the background of various elements to have colors in the case of background images. In this first video, we're going to talk color, and we're just going to look very quickly at how to set color, the foreground color on elements. and, as you can see here, what we have is we have a basic document with all the colors taken out of it, the layouts there and everything but the colors have been taken away, except for, there actually are a few, cause you can't take out all the color. Text for example is black and the reason that happens is due to the browser. Here in the preferences for the web browser you can see that text has been configured to default the black, backgrounds have been configured to default white, unvisited links to blue, visited links to purple, so that's, those effectively create CSS rules that the browser applies to this document and that's why text is black by default. Now, you might not think of that as a style, and yet it is, because if the text had no color, you couldn't see it, it would be completely transparent. So what we see here is that there are unvisited links, like about us and brewing and drinking up near the top, those are blue.

The visited links are products, contact us, those are purple. There is a of a little bit of color and that's in the images, and that includes the Javaco across the top of the document. That's an image just like the picture of the tea kettle, or the picture of the tea, over to the side. Those just have the colors that are part of the images, I mean, that makes sense. So, with CSS, we can affect the foreground of elements, we can affect the foreground color. Now, what that really means is we can change the text color. So. as an example, we can say that all of our paragraphs are going to have a color of teal, which, I don't know why, that always makes me to think of a duck, but anyway teal.

We hit Reload on, in Firefox, and there you go, we have teal paragraphs, teal text on a tee site. So that just changes the foreground color, which as I say is equivalent to the text color. Now, we can also say for example, h2 color orange. Now I hit Reload. The h2 element there, turns orange, but notice something interesting.

The border turned orange too. Now, that doesn't always happen. Why that happened here is that if you go and look at the basic style sheet, there is an h2 here. There's a rule for h2s that says the bottom border should be one pixel and solid. It doesn't say anything about the color. You can, with orders, specify the color directly and we'll talk about that in a different chapter. But that wasn't done here, is just border bottom 1px solid.

So the way CSS is specified, what it says is, if there's a border, but there wasn't an explicit border color assigned to it, then the color of the border should be taken from the color that the value of color for the element. So when I said color orange, the web browser said, well, I've got this border here, and it doesn't have an explicit value, I'm going to copy that orange. You can override that. You could say border-color black and having done that, you set color orange to the color black.

There you go, a black border. Now, whether or not you want to do that is the only question, but you certainly can, if you want to have your border color be different than your text color, then you can have it that way or if you want the border color to automatically pick up the color the text is, you can do that too, and there are other ways to specify color, then just sort of these one force words like orange and black and teal. Well, we'll see what those are in the next video.

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