Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Coloring backgrounds

From: CSS Web Site Design

Video: Coloring backgrounds

Right, as we've seen earlier in the chapter, there are very simple ways to set foreground color and also a variety of ways to set color in general and five different ways of setting color using any Keywords or Hexadecimal or Decimal, or you know, RGB, those various approaches. So, what we're going to look at in this video, is we're going to look at setting very simple backgrounds. Basically just flat colors, solid background for various elements. You might be used to this, from sort of old school design, where you can say set the background color on the body to something like E3EDC2 and having done that, you end up with sort of a mint tea green background. So nothing unusual there as compared to possible design, which is roughly equivalent to saying body BG color equals whatever, E3EDC2 for example.

Coloring backgrounds

Right, as we've seen earlier in the chapter, there are very simple ways to set foreground color and also a variety of ways to set color in general and five different ways of setting color using any Keywords or Hexadecimal or Decimal, or you know, RGB, those various approaches. So, what we're going to look at in this video, is we're going to look at setting very simple backgrounds. Basically just flat colors, solid background for various elements. You might be used to this, from sort of old school design, where you can say set the background color on the body to something like E3EDC2 and having done that, you end up with sort of a mint tea green background. So nothing unusual there as compared to possible design, which is roughly equivalent to saying body BG color equals whatever, E3EDC2 for example.

Primary difference in CSS between plain old background colors in the markup and old hexadecimal design and during the CSS way is that you're not limited to setting background on the body a few table elements like table cells. You can set a background color for anything. So you could say, the element has an ID of masthead, I'd like to have a background color, whose hexadecimal value is ABD240 and I would like the element with an ID of navlinks, have the background color whose hexadecimal value is 686397. Ok, and having added those two, which I'm going to highlight there.

We can go back to Firefox and reload and there you go, in our web browser we've set the element with the ID of masthead to have a green background, and we set the element with an ID of links to have a sort of a dusty purple background, and that's what happened, very straight forwards and what happens with these background colors is that the color is filled into the entire background area of the element, the content area and the padding and the border area, so wherever that background area is for that element, that's where the background color is going to go. The one place where the background color does not go is into margins and we're going to talk more about margins and padding and border areas in a different chapter, but for now just that's where background color goes.

Now we can continue the trend and say sidebar background color and this one will do as an RGB, RGB value 23%, 24%, 18% in this case and that will fill in the sidebar with this sort of grayish, greenish background color. Now, I'm not making these up of course, these come from the design, the the designer put together for this page.

In fact, one of the reasons that this is a good idea for a designer to do this sort of thing when I'm in charge and if there isn't a designer in charge, then really unfortunate color combinations result. So I'm not just making these up at random, What this does illustrate, of course, is that you're not locked into a single color throughout your entire style sheet. You really only have to stick to a given color value for a given property. So for a given background color, you have to pick one of the various color value types RGB percent, RGB decimal, hexadecimal, and use that, but it's like you have to use hexadecimal all the way through your style sheet or you have to use RGB percentage all the way through your style sheet no matter what. Use what you like best, or use what makes the most sense. If you pulled a few of your values off of the Photoshop color picker and you just, you know, selected the hexadecimal value at the bottom, copied it, pasted it in your style sheet and then somewhere else you knew you wanted a certain percentage combination of RGB colors, not a problem. If you want to go through the effort of converting them all to be consistent, you can do that to, its up to you. Now, one of the fun things you can do, I'm going to set a background color for the h3s, the headings in the sidebar, this is going to be 155, 150, 202, which is sort of a pretty light dusty purple, sort of thing. Ok, so that's the color that we're going to use for that h3s here, which is the tea that day and post archive, but, you can also use background colors in sort of creative ways to create what are effectively optical illusions, I mean optical but they are still illusions. So, should I say RGB 227, 237, 194, let's see what we have it for, I hit Reload and hey, we get that, it looks like I've punched pieces out of the sidebar and let the bodies background color show through. that's not what I did, I actually set the h3 backgrounds to have exactly the same color as the body and so these sort of lead together in a sense.

The eye can't distinguish where one ends and the other begins, because they have exactly the same color and they have exactly the same color because 227, 237, 194 is the RGB decimal equivalent of E3EDC2. This hexadecimal value, is exactly the same as this decimal value. Maybe we don't want to do that, maybe we want to go back to our late dusty purple, so I'll just set them back to 155, 150, 202, and if you watch carefully the tee of the day and the post archives when I hit Reload ding, there you go, that's what this h3 backgrounds are, just that before I happened to be filling them in with the same solid color that the body uses, now I'm using a different color. So just, you know, a little tip, sometimes you can use two different elements background, to sort of join them together visually.

And you can use your imagination as to what sort of effects would be possible there and this was just one. So that shows us how to use simple background colors and in the next few videos, we're going to look at how to add images to backgrounds and do interesting fun things with them.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for CSS Web Site Design
CSS Web Site Design

73 video lessons · 60889 viewers

Eric Meyer
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 14m 34s
    1. Welcome
      28s
    2. What is CSS?
      5m 34s
    3. Design tour
      2m 38s
    4. Using the exercise files
      1m 20s
    5. Installing the Web Developer toolbar
      4m 34s
  2. 25m 56s
    1. XHTML essentials
      3m 55s
    2. CSS essentials
      5m 17s
    3. Embedded style sheets
      2m 20s
    4. Linking a style sheet
      2m 19s
    5. Linking to multiple style sheets
      2m 20s
    6. Using linked and embedded style sheets together
      4m 21s
    7. Using imported style sheets
      5m 24s
  3. 57m 48s
    1. ID selector essentials
      6m 38s
    2. Class selector essentials
      4m 9s
    3. Best practices for classes
      4m 52s
    4. Grouped selection
      4m 2s
    5. Descendant selectors
      6m 44s
    6. The sources of style
      6m 38s
    7. Specificity
      8m 21s
    8. Making things important
      4m 32s
    9. Inheritance essentials
      5m 12s
    10. Making things really unstyled
      4m 2s
    11. User style sheets
      2m 38s
  4. 39m 3s
    1. Box model essentials
      7m 35s
    2. Simple floating
      5m 3s
    3. Using float for layout
      5m 5s
    4. Fixing column drop
      5m 35s
    5. Clearing essentials
      4m 20s
    6. Float containment
      6m 35s
    7. Creating a navbar from a list
      4m 50s
  5. 38m 3s
    1. Coloring text
      4m 13s
    2. Defining color in CSS
      8m 12s
    3. Coloring backgrounds
      6m 35s
    4. Applying background images
      4m 19s
    5. Manipulating the direction of background images
      2m 52s
    6. Positioning backgrounds
      7m 23s
    7. Background shorthand
      4m 29s
  6. 58m 28s
    1. Altering line height
      7m 32s
    2. Font style and weight
      5m 45s
    3. Sizing fonts
      9m 59s
    4. Using font families
      10m 38s
    5. Font shorthand
      6m 5s
    6. Justifying text
      4m 56s
    7. Vertically aligning text
      4m 22s
    8. Transforming text
      3m 49s
    9. Text decoration
      5m 22s
  7. 44m 40s
    1. Margin essentials
      14m 21s
    2. Adding borders
      6m 52s
    3. Padding
      9m 17s
    4. Using negative margins
      7m 19s
    5. Margin collapsing
      6m 51s
  8. 20m 38s
    1. Styling tables and captions
      5m 23s
    2. Styling table cells
      6m 30s
    3. Styling a column with classes
      4m 51s
    4. Styling links inside table cells
      3m 54s
  9. 30m 40s
    1. Styling for specific mediums
      4m 3s
    2. Creating a print style sheet
      6m 35s
    3. Hiding layout for print
      4m 11s
    4. Styling for print
      6m 34s
    5. Complex styling for print
      4m 37s
    6. Creating a footer
      4m 40s
  10. 37m 23s
    1. Getting started
      1m 11s
    2. Setting global styles
      4m 4s
    3. Defining masthead and navbar colors
      3m 27s
    4. Layout of the navlink bar
      3m 38s
    5. Using columns
      4m 49s
    6. Setting content styles
      1m 53s
    7. Creating the sidebar boxes
      5m 42s
    8. Creating the sidebar form
      3m 23s
    9. Completing the sidebar
      3m 29s
    10. Making a table
      3m 12s
    11. Creating a footer
      2m 35s
  11. 1m 28s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 28s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed CSS Web Site Design.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.